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111 E Cuks

oak, leaves, tree, white and chestnut

111 E C_UKS The White Oak, QI1PrellS allm. is the noblest of its race. Its bark is pale gray, scaly, and cut by shallow fissures. The twigs are dark and end in tufts of leaves. Each year several new shoots rise from the end of each twig, a fact which accounts for time density of the outer boun dary of the crown in winter or sum mer. The leaves as they open in spring cover the tree with a shim mering veil of rose and silver. When mature, they are bright green, lightened by pale linings. They are rather large, oval in outline, taper ing to the short petiole. They are divided by deep sinuses into seven or nine linger-like lobes, fairly symmetrical on the two sides of the midrib. The lobes are rounded and often shallowly subdivided. 'Hie hairy staminate mtkins hang like yellow frin:2:e among the half-tled,ired twigs in May. One must look sharply to find the tiny red tongues of the pistillate flowers thrust out for pollen from the axils of the unfolding leaves. The acorns, which ripen and fall at the end of the first sum mer, are slender and pointed. The wown, sweet-llavored is seated in a shallow cup of scaly but compar atively smooth exterior. The range of the White ( )ak is quite general.

The Bur, or Mossy Cup Oak, nivC•ocerrbrr, is a sturdy tree, and a picturesque one. Its -antlered arms" have not the independent reach of the white oak, and its dome is lacking in symmetry. Warty and corky ridges give the branches a most rugged and untidy look. The leaves of the Bur Oak are of the white oak type—oval, pale beneath, tapering gradually to the base. A typical leaf has rather unsymmet rical lobing, and is almost cut in two by a pair of deep wide sinuses that come near the midrib on opposite sides. The name, ivoiocairt, refers to the acorn, NVIl1c:ll is the largest in the oak family. It is often almost hidden in a cup covered Nvith coarse, mossy scales, with a soft fine fringe around the rim. The Bur Oak raives from Lake Superior to the Gulf, and from the eastern seaboard to the !lucky Mountains.

The Ghestunt Oak, Qllercie• Pripits, is common in the ea-stern states. It has dark fissured bark which is rich in tannic acid. Its oval leaves have strong parallel ribs and wavy margins, which make them somewhat resemble the chestnut leaf. The acorn is long and tapering, borne in a cup that has a downy lining and a hard scaly exterior.

The Yellow Oak, (Mercus acitthimtfit, is the "Chestnut Oak" of the Mississippi valley. It has a slenderer leaf than the preceding species, a smaller acorn, and the tree itself is inure slender than the chestnut oak of the east. It gets its name, "Yellow Oak," from the color of the autumn foliage.

• The Chinquapin Oak, or Scrub Chestnut Oak. Querons prinnides, is a shrubby tree that grows in poor soil from Massachusetts to Texas. Its leaves are coarsely toothed, and of the chest nut type.

The Swamp White Oak, (M•rous Ado noi,/cs, grows in boggy regions of the east and south. It has a low-branching head and drooping limbs. It has the habit of shedding the bark of its young branches. tinder favorable conditions it attains great size and — age. Its variable leaves ar,- downy beneath, and taper like those of the chestnut oak, but they have fewer ribs and deeper indentations.

The acorn, which is small and set in a thinly scaled and fringed cup, looks like a imitation of the lusty fruit of the bur oak.

The Post Oak, Qacrcus tumor, is a stocky, under-sized and rough-looking tree, whose gnarled and twiggy limbs suggest that life has always been a struggle. The thick leaves are five-lobed, the widest lobes near the apex. The tree grows in upland soils from New York to Florida and west to Texas. In the white oak group belongs the beautiful evergreen Live Oak, (Morons Yirgiinng, of the smith. It is a vigorous and stately tree, bearing myriads of dancing oval leaves, and the daintiest stalked acorns.