WHERE TO PLACE TREES AND SHRUBBERY" -THE PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE GARDENING APPLIED TO CITY LOTS FOR SCHOOL GROUNDS, PARKS, AND CEMETERIES Have you a home of your own, set in the midst of a garden that is the work of your own hands? Do you know the joy of making that home from the beginning? Perhaps you remember the day the was broken and the stakes were set to locate the house. Then came the laying out of the grounds, the careful choosing of what to plant and where to plant it. It has taken years to bring the garden to its present state,—years marked with successes and failures, with discouraging interruptions, but always with the comfort expressed by the injunction : -Aye keep plantin' a tree, Jock. lt '11 he growin' when ye 're sleepin'." 7' he Principles of Landscupe Goolcnin. There are three princi ples that underlie success in the laying out of the home grounds.
1. Keep an open central lawn.
2. Plant in masses at the sides.
3. Avoid straight lines.
The _First Principle. Everybody feels the appropriateness and the charm of the open lawn in front, though few may be able to say why they like it. There is eternal fitness in any mode of planting which makes time house the central figure, embowers it in green, but gives it a calm, uninterrupted outlook upon the world. The artist says: It is the foreground of green grass that leads the eye pleasantly up to the centre of interest, and time frame of the picture is the plant ing on the sides." It follows, therefore, that flower beds, shrubs and trees should be kept out of the central lawn. They make the yard look small. They destroy the unity of the whole picture, as each individual bids for attention.
The Second Principle. The mass planting comes down on left and right to meet the open lawn. Each lends character to the other. The grounds are hemmed in by the border planting. The premises are made cozy and cut off from the world outside.
Thc Third de. The chief reason for avoiding straight lines is that there are so few of them in nature, especially in the outlines of woods. Geometrical figures become tiresome. Easy curves, flowing lines are restful. Straight lines demand constant vigilance ; the loss of a single tree mars the beauty of the whole. hi the natural style of planting
slight imperfections are hidden. Plant in groups and masses. not in rows, if you wish the least trouble and expense.
the 0 fiseve . Cosiness and seclusion are the essential elements of a homelike place. at will naturally concentrate your thoughts upon your own lot. But there is a sense in which you may own the best part of the adjoining land without paying taxes on it. Yon may extend your premises to the horizon line. The hills, the lake, the valley — all the beautiful things in the scape are yours if you will cut out vistas to them. By planting lilac bushes instead of hemlock spruces in a certain place you may leave an opening in the border that frames a lovely valley view, or a glimpse of the blue lake and distant tain. Before you plant a single tree go over your place carefully and pick out the best things in the offscape. Then draw straight lines to them from the best rooms in the house, and avoid planting trees that will obstruct those views. Look for a distant spire, a public building, or some charming bit or fragment of nature.
You can generally find a good view if you try.
Sc twill y Unsi yhtly 01?j cots. Not every prospect pleases, however. The judicious placing of a tree with demise foliage may hide a distant factory, or the giant culm heap of a coal mine. thus changing an unpleas ing prospect to one of beauty. Placed near the dining-room window, a single tree that I know obscures an ugly sawmill.
The Place fur the Gr 4rden. The garden and orchard should keep to the rear. They are laid out in rectangles and straight lines, so as to he cared for \\all the greatest economy of time and labor. All formal arrangement of flowering plants should also be retired to the back yard, where people who do not like such things will not have to see them. A geranium bed in the front yard is an abomination, unless you abandon landscape gardening entirely, and go in for formal gardening. which is costly. troublesome and temporary. Eight months of the year your geranium bed is bare and unsightly.