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Practical Suggestions for Cultivating Fruit Trees in Small Yards in City or Village

fruits, time, roots, spring and bear

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There is a vision wondrous fair which fills the eve of the man who sets out fruit trees in his back yard. As he tends and watches them, the vision comes ever nearer, and at last it becomes a delight ful reality. —there are ruddy apples ripening among the green leaves. Other trees bear fruit after their kind. The promises of earlier years are redeemed. But the harvest is not the only reward. There is pure enjoy ment in the care of young trees. Each year reveals new phases of their life stories. Each year challenges us with new problems. As if they possessed intelligence the trees respond to every change of treat ment. Them is no dullness in the waiting ,years before they bear fruit.

Have you ever planned and planted such a little garden orchard? If not, then try it. Now is a good tiine to begin. How much of your land is behind the house? Is there a plot fifty feet square to plant? Then you have room for a dozen fruit trees, with ample space for small fruits and vegetables among them.

Chuusinq the trees. What fruits are you specially fond of? You will try to get those, of course. Make out your list from the cata i•ue of the nearest reliable nurseryman. This is one of the best parts of the whole enterpr.ise. There are fine flavored varieties that You particularly dote upon. (;et these if they have been tried and found hardy in your locality. Let somebody with more ground test new varieties. First-class trees are a few cents higher in price than the second class. The latter are inferior.— crooked perhaps. or rough or undersized. They may outgrow these defects.—and they may not. To save the difference between the prices of first and second-class trees on a small order would be very poor economy. You cannot afford to do it. The nurseryman calls first -class all trees that are well grown, free from blemishes, and bear the characteristics of their variety. For example. a Northern Spy should be tall and straight with a long tap root ; but a (ireening of the same age should be shorter, with shallow, spreading roots and angular limbs.

The proper uye. People often make mistakes about the ages of the trees they plant. Peach trees should be one year old when set in their final places. Apples, pears, plums. and cherries should be two. or better. three years old. The me of a tree is reckoned from the time that the seedling stock is budded with the desired variety. The ages given above are standard ones for commercial orchards. A four year-old apple tree is worth less than a three-year-old, and a three year-old peach tree is not worth setting out. Many people pay fancy prices for trees older than the standard ages, expecting them to come into bearing earlier, but such of their money is wasted.

If sompe outer. The following list of trees was chosen and set out on a lot in central New York. The trees Occupy a plot about fifty by sixty feet. In this garden there will be a good variety and a good succession of fruits from summer to winter when the trees come into bearing.

trees. These have many advantages over standards. They occupy less room and are easier to care for in every way. If thev receive good cultivation they produce larger and finer fruits, although not so many as trees of taiidard size. Dwarf apple and pear trees of some of the leading varieties can be procured in America from nurserymen. Dwarf trees are easy to spray, and the work of pruning and harvesting is greatly simplified because no ladder is necessary Pl(totiny the tires. Von may have your trees sent to yon in the fall or in the early spring. Peach trees are better set out in the ,spring, as they do nut ripen their wood as early in the fall as many other fruit trees. Fall planting should he done early enough for the roots to establish themselves before winter sets in. Trees thus planted get an early growing start in the spring.

Trees may he heeled in at any time, i. c., laid down with their roots in a trench and covered with earth. This should always be clone if the trees arrive from the nursery before the soil is in good condition, or if the owner is pressed for time.

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