THE PLANTING OF A TREE.
Emerson said : There is a best way of doing everything, if it be to boil an egg." if this saying be true,— and it fell from the lips of a sage,—ho• much care should lie bestowed upon so grave a matter as the planting of a tree ! Eggs are transient. Trees may taste immortality.
Most trees in cultivation are moved one or inure times, in the course of their careers. This transplanting is the critical event in which many trees lose their lives. Yet it is not a difficult matter to take up and re-set a tree. Great oaks and pines are transplanted now with success even in midsummer by experts. S'uccess in this work c•oines from following the few simple rules for transplanting trees that are given below.
1. Toe hp as many roots as possible. Only root tips gather food from the soil. Many of these feeding rootlets will be broken off and left in the ground in spite of our precautiow;.
lietp the roots j'imu iliginy. Exposed to the air, the delicate rout hairs shrivel and can never be revived. They are the months that feed the tree. Loss of a large percentage of these means starvation.
111. Have the hole (bey der], aml vide. The roots should have room to spread out naturally in all directions. To wind them around, or twist and crowd them in would mean to stunt the tree's after growth.
I V. Trim to smooth ends all torn roots. The healing. of a ragged wound is a long and uncertain process. A smooth slanting cut soon heals, and causes no further trouble.
V. Set the tree cis (peel) as if was /n lure. The time is critical. The former depth was right. You cannot afford to try now to teach your tree new habits.
VI. Siftfinesitifilee soi/ y11 ((WO the mots. Holding the tree erect and firm. press the dirt close about the roots they are covered. Lift the tree a, little one or twice. This establishes contact between the roots and the partieles of soil. Surface soil is richer and liner than that from the bottom of the hole.
VII. Po/it• i11 wide/ ow/ let it settle away. This dissolves plant food contained in the soil, and brings a supply of it to each root hair.