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Winter - the Meaning of Them

leaves, buds, bud, trees and leaf


It is a common thing for people to b)ok into the tree tops in Feb ruary and exclaim, "See how the buds are swellinLr!" As a matter of fact, the buds are no bigger then than they were in October and +1,1, ..;,• -11,“111111, l/ ;+ ,l1 11,0 IV 1 111 and we naturally look for the signs that give encouragement to our hope that the winter is waning. When were these buds funned? This is a very reasonable question.

Away hack in apple-blossoming time when the leaves are but half-grown and still covered with downy hairs the little buds may be discovered deep in the angles between leaf and twig. Examine the trees of door yards and of forest and you find the apple tree but exemplifies the general rule. Buds show their beginnings with the opening of the leaves, they grow all summer, and reach maturity by the time the leaves are shed. All winter they are dormant, but with the rise of sap in March and April they swell and burst and grow.

What is a bud? It is a miniature branch. It may bear leaves or flowers or both. Suppose it is a loll' bud. This does not mean that it will bear but a simIle leof It means that the winter bud will cast oft its scales and lengthen into a twig which will unfold young leaves. This process will continue throughout the grow ing season, the tip and the stem between the leaves gradually +1,- f ell)1Q;c11,111e,'. UktlIUG 11/11tlt.; trees. The lung leafy shoots of quick growing trees sometimes attain wonderful length in a season. I have seen ailanthus shoots that grew ten feet in a summer. Power bu]s cast their scales,

and blossoms are revealed, single or clustered. The full development of these may soon be accomplished, or it may require a whole season. The elm blossoms, borne in side kids, ripen into seeds which are shed late in May. This ends the career of the bud. A flower bud of peach produces a single flower, whose development into a ripe peach uccui)ies many weeks, perhaps all summer. Mixed imds east their scales in spring and unfold shoots which bear leaves and flowers. Apple and pear blossoms are thus borne in leafy clusters.

Duds are not alike in appe:trance, even VII 'HIP. Same branch. They are large or ;qnall, strong or weak, according to their contents and the chances they had when they I•ere forming. The leaf is tla nurse of the bud in its axil. if that leaf had plenty of air and sunshine, and it's share of sap, then will its bud he well formed. In most eases the terminal bud is largest, because it had the Itest advan tap when growing. Leaf buds are likely to he ;;lender in form, flower buds more plump and more hairy; mixed 'aids, as they contain leaves and lb,wers, are usually larger than buds containing or leaves alone.

The winter kids are the promises (we Year ,gives to the next. In them are packed away the leaves and the flowers, all perfectly formed but very small. In them is the only possibility of lengthening shoots and thicken ing stems. dtt them lie all the tree's hopes fur the future.