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Tubes for Construction of a Boiler


TUBES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF A BOILER The materials for tubes are iron and steel. The tubes must be tough to resist cutting by cinders. If iron is used it should have a tensile strength of at least 45,000 pounds per square inch, with an elongation of 15 to 20 per cent. If steel, the elongation should not be less than 26 per cent, when tested before being rolled. If the steel welds well there need not be any limit to its tensile strength. The ends of tubes should be annealed after manufacture. The thickness of tubes is always greater than that required to prevent collapsing, in order to weld and expand in the tube sheet. It is often desirable to use part of the tubes as stays ; for this purpose the tubes are made thick enough to take a shallow nut outside the tube plate.