CORAES, ADAMANTIOS (in French, Diamant Coray) (1748-1833) , Greek scholar and patriot, was born at Smyrna, the son of a merchant. His name is also spelt Korais. As a school boy he distinguished himself in the study of ancient Greek, but from 1772 to 1779 he managed his father's business affairs in Amsterdam. In 1782, on the collapse of his father's business, he went to Montpellier, where for six years he studied medicine. He then settled in Paris, where he lived until his death on April 1 o, 1833. He devoted himself to the cause of Greek independence, endeavouring to rouse the enthusiasm of the Greeks for the idea that they were the true descendants of the ancient Hellenes by teaching them to regard as their own inheritance the great works of antiquity. He sought to purify the ordinary written language by eliminating the more obvious barbarisms, and by enriching it with classical words (see further GREEK LANGUAGE : Modern) . Under his influence, though the common patois was practically un touched, the language of literature and intellectual intercourse was made to approximate to the pure Attic of the 5th and 4th centuries B.C. His chief works are his editions of Greek authors contained in his `EXX Bq3XLoOiKrl and his IlapEpya; his editions of the Characters of Theophrastus, of the De aere, aquis, et locis of Hip pocrates, and of the Aethiopica of Heliodorus, elaborately an notated.