CORNELIA (2nd cent. B.c.), daughter of Scipio Africanus the elder, mother of the Gracchi and of Sempronia, the wife of Scipio Africanus the younger. She was so devoted to her sons Tiberius and Gaius that it was even asserted that she was con cerned in the death of her son-in-law Scipio, who by his achieve ments had eclipsed the fame of the Gracchi, and was said to have approved of the murder of Tiberius. When asked to show her jewels she presented her sons, and on her death a statue was erected to her memory inscribed, "Cornelia, the mother of the Gracchi." After the murder of her second son Gaius she retired to Misenum, where she devoted herself to Greek and Latin literature and to the society of men of letters. She was a highly educated woman, and her letters were celebrated for their beauty of style.