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Ocean Life by James M. Sommerville 1859

Acalephae
Acalephae In The Third Division Of Acalephre, Denominated By Cuvier, Acalephes Hydrostatiques,' The Body Is Supported In The Water By A Very Peculiar Organ, Or Set Of Organs, Provided For The Pur Pose. This Consists Of One Or More Bladders, Capable Of Being Filled With Air At The Will Of ...

Actiniadae Anemones A
Actiniadae - Anemones "a Sea Anemone, Is A Radiate Animal, Or Actiniform Polype. Character.—animal Single, Fleshy, Elongate Or Conical, Capable Of Extending Or Contracting Itself, Fixed By Its Base, But With The Power Of Locomotion. Mouth, In The Middle Of The Upper Disc, Very Dilatable, Surrounded By One Or More ...

Algae Sea Weed Ocean
Algae Sea Weed Ocean Life The Sea-weeds Belong To The Cellular Order Of Vegetables, And To The Cryptogamic Class Of The Linnman System. The Term Algm, Is Applied To A Vast Class Of Aquatic Plants, Many Of Which Are Inhabitants Of Fresh Water. But The Highest Forms Are Those Popularly ...

Anthozoa Asteroida
Anthozoa Asteroida Gorgonidae - The Generic Characters Of Gorgonia Are Thus Described By Johnson. "polype, Mass Rooted, Arborescent, Con Sisting Of Central Axis, Barked With A Polypiferous Crust ; The Axis, Horny, Continuous, And Flexible, Branched In Co-equality With The Polype Mass ; The Crust When Recent, Soft And Fleshy, ...

Cirrhopoda Ocean Life
Cirrhopoda Ocean Life "however Distinct In Outward Appearance, And Even In Their Internal Economy, The Creatures Composing The Primary Divisions Of Animated Nature May Seem To Be When Superficially Examined, Closer Investigation Invariably Reveals To The Zoologist Gradations Of Structure Connecting Most Dissimilar Types Of Organization, And Leading So Insensibly ...

Conchifera
Conchifera "molluscous Animals Enveloped In A Shell Composed Of Car Bonate Of Lime, Forming Two Valves, Connected By A Joint, And Applied The One To The Right, The Other To The Left Side ; Mantle More Or Less Open Ventrally, Generally With Two Orifices Behind ; Gills Four-leaved, No Head, ...

Crustacea Ocean Life
Crustacea Ocean Life "the Crustacea Pre-eminently Make The Waters Their Home ; They Are The Aquatic Division Of That Mighty Host Of Living Things, That Range Under The Title Of Articulata. In Most Respects, Crustacea Are So Much Like Insects, That The Older Naturalists, And The Illustrious Linnaeus Among The ...

Echinodermata Asteroidea
Echinodermata Asteroidea The Casual Observer Who Should, For The First Time, Examine A Star-fish, Or A Sea-urchin, Two Of The Most Familiar Examples Of The Echinodermata Met With Upon Our Shores, Would Indeed Find It A Difficult Task To Associate Them With Any Other Class, Or To Imagine The Affinities ...

Echinoidea Ocean Life
Echinoidea Ocean Life The Echini, However They May Appear To Differ In Outward Form From The Asteridre, Will Be Found To Present So Many Points Of Resemblance In Their General Structure, That The Account We Have Given Above, Of The Organization Of The Last Mentioned Family, Will Throw Considerable Light ...

Gasteropoda Ocean Life
Gasteropoda Ocean Life "molluscous Animals Furnished With A Distinct Head, And A Fleshy Crawling Foot ; Either Naked Or Protected By A Shell, For The Most Part Formed Of A Single Piece, And Generally Spirally Turned; Mouth Provided With Lips, And A Ribbon-like Tongue, Armed With Rows Of Teeth ; ...

Holothuroidea A
Holothuroidea. "a Holothuroidea May Be Regarded In One Light As A Soft Sea Urchin, In Another As A Radiated Animal, Approximating The An Nalides." " In Common Language They Are Generally Known By The Appellation Of Sea Cucumbers ;' And In Fact, To A Casual Observer, The Resemblance Which They ...

Pisces Fishes
Pisces Fishes " To Whatever Portion Of The Animal World We Turn Our Attention, We Find The Lowest And Least Perfectly Organized Tribes To Be In Habitants Of The Water. To Dwell Upon Land, Necessarily Demands No Inconsiderable Share Of Strength And Activity, Limbs Sufficiently Strong To Support The Weight ...

Poriphora Sponge Ocean Life
Poriphora Sponge Ocean Life There Are Certain Forms Of Organization So Closely Allied To Both The Animal And Vegetable Kingdoms, That It Is Difficult To Say Precisely In Which They Ought To Be Included. Such Are The Sponges, Which, Although By Common Consent Admitted. Into The Animal Series, Will Be ...

Sertularidae
Sertularidae In The Sertularian Hydrozoa, The Fleshy Substance Of The Ani Mal Is Inclosed In A Ramose, Horny Sheath, Which It Traverses Like The Pith Of A Tree, Following All Of The Ramifications Of The Branched Stem Or Polypary. The General Stem Of The Polypary Is Entirely Filled With A ...

The Sea An Introduction
The Sea An Introduction To Ocean Life The Sea, Which Is The Least Explored Of Nature's Realms, Holds Within It A Wonderfully Organized World, Peculiar To Itself. It Abounds With A Living Flora And Fauna, Which, Though Obscure And Strange, Are Equally Beautiful And Useful. An Endeavor Has Been Made ...

Zoophytes Polyps Of Old
Zoophytes Polyps Of Old Authors Polyps Are Gelatinous, Oblong, Or Conical Animals, With A Con Tractile Body, An Intestinal Cavity, And An Oval Aperture, Which Is Surrounded By A Circlet Of Arms Or Tentacles. Besides These Arms, There Are No Special Organs Of Sense, At Least In The Greater Number ...