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The Earth in the Universe (January 1, 1968)

A Comparative Description Of
A Comparative Description Of Hypsographic Data Of Some Planets The Hypsographic Curve And The Frequency Curve Of Heights And Depths Of The Earth, Both Externally Very Simple But Plotted After Gross Generaliza Tions, Were First Constructed By A. Penk In 1894 /7/ And W. Franbert In 1911 /5/. Subsequently, As ...

Abundance Of Organic Matter
Abundance Of Organic Matter In The Universe Life Is A Natural Phase In The Development Of Matter— The Highest Form Of Its Evolution Inevitably Arising When The Necessary Prerequisites Are Present. Insofar We Know, Cosmic Inorganic Matter Is Chemically Homo Geneous Throughout The Investigated Part Of The Infinite Universe. It ...

Air Ionization In Factories
Air Ionization In Factories This Field Is Of Direct Concern To The Institutes Of Labor Protection, Hygiene, And Occupational Diseases. Air Ionization Is Of Special Importance In Workshops And Factories With High Concentration Of Dust Particles Of Various Origins That Might Endanger Health Or Carry A Positive Electrical Charge. Air ...

Air Ions And Charged
Air Ions And Charged Particles Although Studies Of Atmospheric Electricity Started In The Middle Of The Eighteenth Century, It Was Only At The Very End Of The Nineteenth Century That The Carriers Of This Electricity Were Found To Be Molecules Of The Air Gases, Which Are Converted From Neutral Particles ...

An Extension Of The
An Extension Of The Superposition Concept In The Foregoing We Discussed Some Cases In Which The Centers Of The Subsystems Composing A Given Galaxy Are Displaced With Respect To One Another. Some Galaxies Are Also Known Which Are Binary But Which Are At The Same Time Connected By A Material ...

Application Of Morphometry To
Application Of Morphometry To Studies Of The Earth's Relief And Structure The Relief Of The Lithosphere, Similar To Its Inner Structure, Reflects The Most Important Events In The Development Of Our Planet. Studies Of This Natural Chronicle Have Contributed Considerably To Our Knowledge Of The History Of The Earth's Development. ...

Atmospheric Electricity And Life
Atmospheric Electricity And Life Almost A Century Ago (1887) Charles Darwin Considered Electricity As One Of The Possible Factors In The Origin Of Life On Earth. A More Distinct Correlation Between The Formation Of Organic Compounds And Electrical Phenomena In The Atmosphere Was Formulated In The 1920's. In 1939, R. ...

Basic Facts Related To
Basic Facts Related To The Kinematics And Dynamics Of Galactic Systems Our Knowledge Of Galactic Motions Is Confined To Information On The Radial Velocities Of About A Thousand Galaxies. We Have No Data At All Concerning Their Tangential Velocities. Nevertheless, The Available Data On The Radial Velocities (nearly All Of ...

Changes Induced By Ionization
Changes Induced By Ionization In The Nucleus Of The Oxygen Atom Until Recently It Was Assumed That Ionization Changed Only The Electron Shells Of Atoms Or Molecules. This Opinion Was Firmly Established Theoretically As Well As Experimentally By Various Accurate Physical Analyses Of Ionized Gases. In Order To Explain The ...

Deep Planetary Faults In
Deep Planetary Faults In The Earth's Crust Many Books And Articles Have Been Written About The Structure Of The Earth's Crust, But It Is Only Recently That Geophysical Observations Have Made It Possible To Specify The Basic Subsurface Features Of This Structure. The Earth's Crust, Which Has A Thickness Varying ...

Deep Seismic Sounding And
Deep Seismic Sounding And Studies Of The Structure Of The Earth's Crust In The Ussr A Symposium On Deep Seismic Sounding Of The Earth's Crust Took Place On 14-19 November 1960, At The Institute Of Earth Physics Of The Academy Of Sciences Of The Ussr. The Symposium Was Organized By ...

Effect Of Solar Radiation
Effect Of Solar Radiation On Intracellular Processes In Living Organisms At The Beginning Of This Article We Mentioned Timiryazev's Classical Research On Photosynthesis. Timiryazev Maintained That Chemically Photosynthesis Is A Process By Which Inorganic Substances— Carbon Dioxide And Water— Are Converted Into Organic Matter. From The Physical Thermo Dynamic Viewpoint ...

Effect Of Variations In
Effect Of Variations In Solar Activity On The Number Of White Blood Cells The First Attempts At Correlating Variations In Solar Activity With Certain Biological Phenomena Were Made In The Nineteenth Century (herschel, Jevons, Shvedov). However, The First Comprehensive Formulation Of The Relationship Between Solar Outbursts And The Living Organism ...

Facts And Puzzles Concerning
Facts And Puzzles Concerning The Structure Of Galaxies The Views Of V.a. Ambartsumyan On The Origin Of Galaxies Are Often Interpreted, Especially In The West, As A Hypothesis About The Instability Of Multiple Systems And Galactic Clusters. In Point Of Fact, Ambartsumyan's Ideas On This Subject Are Much More Comprehensive ...

Formation Of Submarine Valleys
Formation Of Submarine Valleys In The Light Of The Dynamics Of The Earth's Axis The Problem Of The Formation Of Submarine Valleys Has Not Yet Been Fully Solved. Hypotheses Of The Subaerial Formation Of Submarine Canyons Assume Improbably Large Variations In The Amount Of Water In The Oceans Or Similarly ...

History Of Science
History Of Science My Friendship With K. E. Tsiolkovskii Began In 1914 And Continued Until His Death. I Have Kept His Notes, Letters, And Photographs. I Will Describe Our Struggle For Tsiolkovskii's Priority In The Field Of Astronautics And Rocket Dynamics. The Reader Will Wonder Why Such A Struggle Should ...

Importance For Humanity
Importance For Humanity The Effect Of Air Filtered Through Cotton Was Studied By Us And By Our Supporters Who Continued The Experiments In Considerable Detail. Not Withstanding The Excellent Air Exchange In The Chamber, The Filtered, Totally Deionized Air Proved Injurious. Sooner Or Later All Experimental Animals Perished, Showing Signs ...

Injurious Effects Of Air
Injurious Effects Of Air Devoid Of Air Ions In The Last Decade Of The Past Century, The Russian Hygienist I. I. Kiyanit Syn Advanced The Concept Of "oxidizing Microorganisms," Which Were Supposedly Always Spinning In The Air Together With Which They Reached The Lungs And Penetrated Into The Blood, Facilitating ...

Ionization Of Atmospheric Oxygen
Ionization Of Atmospheric Oxygen More Than 40 Years Ago We Reported The Negative Charge Acquired By A Atoms Or Molecules Of Atmospheric Oxygen. The Experimental Proof Of This Fact Was Published In 1933. Many Years Later The Same Phenomenon Was Studied By Marcel Laporte And Other Scientists, And Today, It ...

Knowledge And Recording Of
Knowledge And Recording Of The Solar-activity Pattern For Improved Forecasting Of Mass Reproduction Among Harmful Species The Planned Socialist Economy Demands That Agriculture Be Administered Strictly According To Scientific Principles. Agricultural Pests Cause Tremendous Damage Assessed At 45 Billion Old Rubles* Per Year. The Necessity For A Well-organized Government System ...

Life Atmospheric Air
Atmospheric Air, Life, And The Blood The Life Of Highly Organized Animals And Man Is Intimately Linked With The Intake By The Organism (via The Blood) Of Atmospheric Oxygen At A Certain Partial Pressure. It Is The Air—blood System Which Is Primarily Responsible For The Very Existence Of Highly Organized ...

Magnetotropism In Plants
Magnetotropism In Plants When The Life Activities Of Plants Are Studied In Conjunction With Various Environmental Factors, No Attention Is Usually Given To The Geomagnetic Field. However, It Seemed That Under Certain Conditions The Earth's Magnetic Field Must Influence These Life Activities. Such An Assumption Was Based On The Presence ...

New Developments In The
New Developments In The Study Of Gravitation At The End Of June 1961 The First Soviet Conference On Gravitation Was Held In Moscow. The Conference Was Convened By The Physics Faculty Of Moscow State University [mgu] And The Shternberg State Astronomical Institute [gaish]. At The Time Of The Conference, Significant ...

New Ideas In Cosmology
New Ideas In Cosmology And Astrophysics From 26 To 28 June 1961 A Conference On Extragalactic Astronomy And Cosmology Was Convened In Moscow Under The Auspices Of The Cosmogony Commission Of The Astronomical Council Of The Ussr Academy Of Sciences. The Conference Was Organized As A Preparation For The Symposium ...

Nuclei Modern Ideas On
Modern Ideas On The Structure Of Matter. Atoms, Nuclei, And Elementary Particles Let Us Now Pause To Examine The Structure Of "ordinary" Matter, Atoms, Nuclei, And Elementary Particles, Leaving Out Gravitation For The Moment. In The Interaction Of Particles Of Any Accessible Energy, Up To Energies Of About Or Ev ...

Number And Charge Of
Number And Charge Of Air Ions Outdoors And Indoors Outdoor Air Contains Both Positive And Negative Ions, With The Former Generally Being Somewhat More Numerous Than The Latter. This Situation Is Of No Danger To Healthy People, Because The Small Predominance (by 10 20%) Of The Positive Air Ions Is ...

On The Existence Of
On The Existence Of A Region Of Enhanced Auroral Activity To The South Of The Zone Of Maximum Auroral Frequency During The International Geophysical Year Visual Observations Of Polar Aurorae Were Carried Out By A Large Network Of Meteorological Stations In The Soviet Union. According To The International Agreement, The ...

One Aspect Of The
One Aspect Of The Specific Bioactive Or Z-radiation* Of The Sun A Thorough Study Of The Effects On Organisms Of Certain Powerful En Vironmental Factors Should Now Be Conducted. For This, All Necessary For Ces And Resources Of Our Scientific Wealth Should Be Converged Because, As Will Be Shown, These ...

Other Applications Of Air
Other Applications Of Air Ionization We Shall Now Briefly Enumerate Several Other Fields In Which Air Ions Generated By The Effluvial Ionization Method May Be Successfully Applied. The Air Filtered In Air Conditioners Leaves Not Only Dust And Micro Organisms On The Filters, But Also All The Ions Initially Present ...

Outdoor And Indoor Air
Outdoor And Indoor Air In Frosty Weather The Air We Exhale Is Visible, As A White Cloud Of Vapor. In Warm Weather, The Exhaled Air, Though Invisible, Contains Numerous Liquid Particles And Diverse Organic And Inorganic Products Of Gas Exchange. A Single Exhalation Whose Volume Is Approximately 500 Contains 200 ...

Paleomagnetic Research In The
Paleomagnetic Research In The Ussr Paleomagnetism Is A New Field Of Earth Science Which Lies On The Boundary Between Geophysics, Geology, And The Study Of Ferromagnetism. Research In This Field Is Becoming A Matter Of Ever-increasing Interest, Since It Gives Us Information On The Following Important Subjects: 1) The History ...

Particle Classification Attempts To
Particle Classification. Attempts To Create A Unified Theory Of Matter Let Us Construct A Table Of Elementary Particles (including The Resonons), Arranging Them Essentially By Order Of Increasing Mass (simi Larly To The Way Mendeleev Arranged The Chemical Elements By Order Of Increasing Atomic Weight), And Then Segregate Them Into ...

Penetrating Radiations And Radioecology
Penetrating Radiations And Radioecology Contemporary Biology Has Absorbed The Rich Inheritance Of The Evolu Tional Concepts Concerning The Live Cover Of The Earth's Crust— The Biosphere— In Its Closest Dynamic Reciprocal Influences And Interactions With The Chemical And Physical Properties Of The Earth And With The Cosmic Factors, And Later ...