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Other Rigs Boats and Sailing

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OTHER RIGS BOATS AND SAILING In the above rig, the masts should be very stout, and well supported at the partners, as there should be no shrouds. and the halyards (single) should be taken up and down the mast, and rove from forward aft, as the foremost yard arm is to be dipped ; single sheets spiced into the dews of the sails are sufficient, but two small jiggers are necessary for hauling the tacks of the sails taut down, in order to make them set properly. Both tacks lead amidships ; the main sheet travels on a horse abaft the back board, but the fore sheet must be shifted over each time, as it is not practicable to work it on a horse in that part of the boat. I have found that a 30 foot gig will sail slightly better upon all points of sailing with this rig than with a single lug, and the only disadvantage is that it takes a little longer to get up or down. One of the advantages of it is that the sails can be carried to windward of the masts, as in the French rig previously mentioned ; this is a great advantage in making short tacks, though of course the boat sails better with them in their proper position, and they are very quickly and easily dipped when the men get accustomed to it as the halyards are not started at all, when once the sail is hoisted ; the Tuff of the sails must be short enough (about 5 feet) to allow a man to reach the foremast yard arm comfortable, and the sail is then swung round with great ease. This is a very snug rig when reefed down, as the sails come to little more than a couple of low lateens. A spare mast hole should be

fitted in the middle of the boat, so that in very bad weather one of the mast can be stepped there, and a single lug carried.

There are several other rigs for gigs, such as three lateens, with short masts raking forward, and very long yards, and no Tuff to the sail ; this rig is very difficult to reef, and the yards, must be very long, so that it can scarcely be considered a handy rig.

Sprits and gaff sails are not suitable for gigs so I shall not mention them under this head.

The only other rig worth mentioning for a gig is two leg of mutton sails and a jib, " Sliding Gunter"are best for this, and some gigs, particularly the heavy " life whalers," appear to do well under it; the French " baleiniere " carry it, and it is a pretty rig, but it is not one that I have ever taken a fancy to for any class of boat, the sails are I think unnecessarily lofty for the amount of can vas in them, all the upper part of the sail has a great effect in heeling the boat over, at the same time that it has very little propelling power, so that I think the canvas can be better disposed in in a lower plan of sail, although there is no doubt that a well-made sliding gunter sail can be made to set very flat indeed, and the short, broad, deep Bermuda boats do well under this form of sail.