RULES FOR RACING It is scarcely necessary to say that no racing rules can be made to abrogate the ordinary rules of the road, such as that Port tack gives way to Starboard tack, and that boats " going free," give way to boats " close hauled," and that the over taking boat must not run into the overtaken boat ; but there are a few special rules which should always be attended to in racing, and which no one should start for a race without knowing. One of these is that if two boats are rounding a mark together, the outside boat is bound to give the inside boat room, that is to say provided the inside boat has established a " lap " as it is called, before 'the outside boat puts her helm over for the purpose of rounding the mark ; but on the other hand, if the inside boat has not established a lap, or in other words, covered the other boat with any part of her bow or bowsprit, before the latter puts her helm over, then the inside boat has no business to jam her nose in between the outside boat and the mark, and if she does so, she does it at her own risk, and the outside boat is not bound to give her room.
If two boats are standing " close hauled " towards a lee shore, shoal, or any other danger, so that the leeward-most boat cannot tack with out fouling the other one, then the latter is bound to tack directly the lee boat hails her to do so, but the lee boat must tack at the same time herself, that is to say she must put her helm down at the same moment that the weather boat does so.
A boat may " luff " as much as she likes to prevent another boat from passing her, but she must not " bear away " to do so.
A buoy, vessel, pile or any other object which is one of the marks in a race, must not be touched by a boat or her sail or anything belonging to her, any boat infringing this rule will be dis qualified unless it can be proved that she has been wrongfully forced on to such mark by one of the other boats.
No oars, paddles, bottom boards, bailers, hands or feet, or any thing else may be used in the water to propel a boat in a sailing race If a boat anchors she must weigh her anchor again and not slip it.
These are some of the principal rules in yacht racing, and they apply equally to boats, and should always be enfbrced by the Com mittee of a regatta, and attended to in private matches, as they are rules which experience has taught to be necessary to ensure fair racing.
And remember—An ounce of practice is worth a whole ton of theory.