WYMAN, JEFFRIES American scientist, born in Chelmsford, Mass., Aug. 11, 1814. He graduated at Har vard in 1833, and in 1837 also received his medical degree there. He began medical practice in Boston and became a demonstrator of anatomy at Harvard, but in 1843 he went to Europe for a short period of study at London and Paris. Upon his return he was for f our years professor of anatomy and physiology at Hamp ton-Sidney College, Richmond, Va., and was then recalled to Harvard as Hersey professor in anatomy. He began the task of building a museum of comparative anatomy at Harvard, one of the first in the United States, and travelled widely in search of speci mens, his trips ranging along the Atlantic coast from Labrador to Florida, and including expeditions to Europe, to Guiana, and, notably, up the La Plata, Uruguay and Parana rivers and across the pampas and Andes to Santiago, Chile. In 1866 he was made a trustee of the museum of archaeology and professor of archaeol ogy and ethnology on the George Peabody foundation. His
scientific papers embrace a wide range of studies, including hu man, comparative and microscopic anatomy, physiology, paleontol ogy and ethnology. Especially notable were his papers on "Ob servations on the Crania" (Proc. of Boston Soc. of Nat. Hist., 1868), on the nervous system of the bullfrog and the changes undergone during metamorphosis (Smithsonian Institution Con tributions, 1852), the first account of the osteology of the gorilla (Memoirs, Boston Soc. of Nat. Hist., and "Unusual Methods of Gestation in Certain Fishes" (Silliman's Journal). He died at Cambridge, Mass., Sept. 4, There is a memoir and complete bibliography of his writings in the Biographical Memoirs, Nat. Acad. of Science, vol. 2 (1886). His col league, Oliver Wendell Holmes, wrote a biographical sketch in the Atlantic Monthly (Nov.