KIAMIL PASHA Turkish statesman, was the son of an artillery officer, Salih Agha. Having completed his mili tary training in Egypt as a cavalry lieutenant, he was appointed by the Khedive, Abbas Pasha, tutor in English to his son Ibrahim. Pasha. In 1861 Kibrizli Mehemmed Pasha took him into the serv ice of the Ottoman Government. He was twice governor of Jerusa lem and three times governor of Beirut. In 1878 he was appointed governor of Kossova and soon afterwards of Aleppo, with the rank of Pasha. He resigned as the result of the British protest against his conduct during the Armenian revolt at Zeitoun, and returning to Constantinople became Under-Secretary for the Interior. In 1881 he became minister of Evkaf, and after the resignation of the Kutchuk Said Pasha Cabinet in that year, grand vizier. In spite of his forced resignation from the governorship of Aleppo he steadily pursued a pro-British policy. He resigned the grand vizirate in 1887 owing to Russian intervention, but was reappointed in 1896.
He was dismissed by Sultan Abdul Hamid, however, owing to his proposal that a Cabinet responsible to the nation should be formed, and was sent to Smyrna as governor, where he remained for 12 years.
After the promulgation of the constitution (1908) Kiamil Pasha joined the Kutchuk Said Pasha Cabinet and soon after became Grand Vizier for the third time. He was, however, strongly opposed by the Union and Progress party. During the Balkan War (1912) he became Grand Vizier for the fourth time, but was forced to resign in 1913 as the result of a military coup d'etat and the unpopularity of the peace terms accepted by him. He retired to Egypt, and although he returned later to Constantinople he was forced by the Government immediately to leave. He went to Cyprus and died there in 1915. Kiamil Pasha knew English, French and Arabic and published a book on Turkish history.