M'CLINTOCK, SIR FRANCIS LEOPOLD (1819 1907), British naval officer and Arctic explorer, was born at Dun dalk, Ireland, on July 8, 1819. During the year 1848 he joined the Arctic expedition under Sir James Ross in search of Sir John Franklin's ships, as second lieutenant of the "Enterprise." In the second search expedition (1850) he was first lieutenant of the "Assistance," and in the third (1854) he commanded the "In trepid." The direction which the search should follow had at last been learnt from the Eskimo, and M'Clintock accepted the com mand of the expedition on board the "Fox," fitted out by Lady Franklin in 1857, which succeeded in its object in 1859 (see FRANKLIN, SIR JOHN). Later he sounded the North Atlantic for the electric cable. He was one of the principal advisers in the preparations for the Antarctic voyage of the "Discovery" under Captain Scott. He died on Nov. 17, 1907.
See Sir C. R. Markham, Life of Admiral Sir I 'opold M'Clintock (1909) ; and his own Voyage of the "Fox" in the Arctic Seas (1859).
the scholarly methods of the new German theology of the day— not alone by his translation with Charles E. Blumenthal of Neander's Life of Christ (1847), and of Bungener's History of the Council of Trent (1855), but by his own noteworthy project, McClintock and Strong's Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature (1867-81; supplement, 1885-87). Among McClintock's other publications are Sketches of Eminent Method ist Ministers (1853), Living Words (1871) and Lectures on Theo logical Encyclopaedia and Methodology (1873). See G. R. Crooks, Life and Letters of the Rev. Dr. John McClintock (1876).
See J. M. Farley, "Life of Cardinal McCloskey," U.S. Cath. Hist. Soc. Records and Studies (vol. i.–ii., 1899-1901) ; J. J. Walsh, Our American Cardinals (1926).