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John Morley Morley Of
Morley [of Blackburn], John Morley, Viscount (1838-1923), English Statesman And Author, Was Born At Black Burn On Dec. 24, 1838, The Son Of Jonathan Morley, Surgeon. He Matriculated At Lincoln College, Oxford, In 1856, And In 1859 Came Up To London To Pursue A Literary Career. He Became Editor Of ...

John Murray 2
John Murray (2) His Son, Was Then Fifteen. During His Minority The Business Was Conducted By Samuel Highley, Who Was Admitted A Partner, But In 1803 The Partner Ship Was Dissolved. Byron Called Him "the Anak Of Publishers." In 1807 He Took A Share With Constable In Publishing Marmion, And ...

John Pierpont 1837 1913 Morgan
Morgan, John Pierpont (1837-1913), American Financier And Banker, Was Born In Hartford, Conn., On April 17, 1837, A Son Of Junius Spencer Morgan (1813-9o), Who Was A Partner Of George Peabody And The Founder Of The House Of J. S. Morgan And Co. In London. He Was Educated At The ...

John Pierpont Morgan
Morgan, John Pierpont, Jr. ), Son Of John Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913), Succeeded His Father And Continued As Active Head Of J. P. Morgan And Company, And Of Its Associated Banking-houses In Philadelphia, London And Paris. He Was Born At Irvington, N.y., On Sept. 7, 1867, Prepared For College At St. ...

John Singleton 1833 1916 Mosby
Mosby, John Singleton (1833-1916), American Soldier, Was Born In Edgemont, Va., On Dec. 6, 1833. He Graduated At The University Of Virginia In 1852, Was Admitted To The Bar In 1855 And Practised In Bristol, Washington County, Va., Until The Beginning Of The Civil War. For A Time He Was ...

John Stuart 1806 1873 Mill
Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873), English Philosopher And Economist, Son Of James Mill (q.v.), Was Born On May 20, 1806 In His Father's House In Pentonville, London. He Was Edu Cated Exclusively By His Father, Who Was A Strict Disciplinarian, And At The Age Of Three Was Taught The Greek Alphabet ...

John Thomas Whitehead 1895
Mitchell, John Thomas Whitehead 1895), English Co-operator, Was Born At Rochdale On Oct. 18, 1828. He Was An Illegitimate Child, Greatly Attached To His Mother, Who, To Support Them, Kept A Small Beerhouse And Later Let Lodgings To Workmen. Not Only Did Poverty Make His Schooling Irregular, But At Tho ...

John Xavier I41 1926 Merriman
Merriman, John Xavier (i$41-1926), 1-41-1926), South African Statesman, Was Born On March 15, 1841 At Street, Somer Set, England, The Son Of A Clergyman Who Afterwards Became Bishop Of Grahamstown, South Africa. His Family Moved To South Africa In 1849, And He Was Educated At The Diocesan Col Lege, Rondebosch, ...

Jose Toribio 1852 1930 Medina
Medina, Jose Toribio (1852-1930), Scholar, Author And Bibliographer, Was Born In Santiago De Chile On Oct. 21, 1852. After An Excellent Education, He Received His Degree Of Advocate At The University In Santiago In 1873, But Such Time As He Could Spare From The Practice Of His Profession He Consistently ...

Jules 1602 1661 Mazarin
Mazarin, Jules (1602-1661), French Cardinal And Statesman, Elder Son Of A Sicilian, Pietro Mazarini, The Intendant Of The Household Of Philip Colonna, And Of His Wife Ortensia Buf Falini, A Connection Of The Colonnas, Was Born At Piscina In The Abruzzi On July 14, 1602. He Was Educated By The ...

Jules 1798 1874 Michelet
Michelet, Jules (1798-1874), French Historian, Was Born At Paris On Aug. 21, 1798, Of A Family Which Had Huguenot Traditions. His Father Was A Master Printer, And Jules Was Offered A Place In The Imperial Printing Office, But His Father Sent Him To The Lycee Charlemagne, Where He Passed The ...

Julius Von Mohl
Mohl, Julius Von (180o-1876), German Orientalist, Brother Of Hugo Von Mohl (q.v.), Was Born At Stuttgart On Oct. 25, 180o. Having Studied Theology At Tubingen (1818-23), He Abandoned The Idea Of Entering The Lutheran Ministry, And In 1823 Went To Paris, At That Time, Under Silvestre De Sacy, The Great ...

Justin Smith 1810 1898 D
(d. M. S. W.) Morrill, Justin Smith (1810-1898), American Po Litical Leader And Financier, Was Born At Strafford, Vt., On April 14, 181o. He Was A Clerk In A Store At Strafford In 1825-28, And At Portland, Me., 1828-31, And Was A Merchant And Then A Farmer In His Native ...

Karl Otfried 1797 1840 Muller
Muller, Karl Otfried (1797-1840) , German Scholar, Was Born At Brieg In Silesia On Aug. 28, 1797. He Was Educated Partly In Breslau, Partly In Berlin, And His First Book, Aegineticorum Liber, Was Published In 1817. In 1819 He Became Professor Of Ancient Literature At Gottingen, But In 1839 Political ...

Kinematics Of Three Dimensions
Kinematics Of Three Dimensions Similarly, The Speed V With Which The Ship Is Travelling North Will Be Given By (8) The Actual Direction Of Motion, When The Ship Is At P, Is Along The Tangent At P To The Path Qpr; The Speed Along The Path Has, At This Instant, ...

Labid
Labid Is The Only One Of These Poets Who Embraced Islam. His Moiallaqa, However, Like Almost All His Other Poetical Works, Belongs To The Pagan Period. He Is Said To Have Lived Till 661, Or Even Later; Certainly It Is True Of Him, What Is Asserted With Less Likelihood Of ...

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley English Letter-writer, Eldest Daughter Of Evelyn Pierrepont, After Wards Duke Of Kingston, Was Baptized At Covent Garden On May 26, 1689. Her Mother, Who Died While Her Daughter Was Still A Child, Was A Daughter Of William Feilding, Earl Of Denbigh. Her Father Was Proud Of ...

Lake Michigan
Michigan, Lake, The Third Largest Of The Great Lakes Of North America And The Only One Wholly Within The Boundaries Of The United States. It Is About 307 M. In Length, Averages About 7o M. In Width, And Has A Maximum Measured Depth Of 870 Feet. The Lake Is Bounded ...

Lake Of Moeris
Moeris, Lake Of, The History Of The Lake Which Once Occupied A Considerable Area Of The Fayurn Depression, And Which To-day Is Represented By The Shallow Birkat Qaroun, Has Been Much Elucidated By The Geological And Archaeological Work Which Has Been Recently Carried Out In The Desert Margin Of The ...

Laws And Regulations
Laws And Regulations The Laws And Regulations Governing The Use Of Motor-cars Are Of Various Kinds. Driving Licences.—in Great Britain, Before Driving A Car Or A Motor Cycle A Licence Must Be Obtained From The County Council Or Borough Council, The Fee For Which Is 5/–. In The Irish Free ...

Laws Of Motion
Motion, Laws Of. Before The Time Of Galileo (1564 1642) Very Little Attention Had Been Paid To Scientific Study Of The Motion Of Terrestrial Bodies. With Regard To Celestial Bodies The Case Was Somewhat Different. The Regularity Of Their Diurnal Revolutions Could Not Escape Notice; And Before The End Of ...

Legal Maxims
Maxims, Legal. A Maxim Is An Established Principle Or Proposition. The Latin Term Maxima Is Not To Be Found In Roman Law With Any Meaning Exactly Analogous To That Of A Legal Maxim In The Modern Sense Of The Word, But The Treatises Of Many Of The Roman Jurists On ...

Lineal Measures
Lineal Measures. The Units Derived From 20.62 Inches This Standard Of The Cubit Was Used In Egypt Inches Mm. 20.62 From The Time Of The Predynastic Royal Tombs 524 Onwards. The First Accurate Example Yet Pub Lished Is In The Size Of The Pyramid Of Snefru (3rd Dyn.), At 20-66, ...

Lodowick Muggleton
Muggleton, Lodowick (16°9-1698), English Sec Tarian, Was Born In Bishopsgate Street, London. His Father Was A Farrier, But He Himself Was Bred To Be A Tailor. In 1651 He Began To Have Revelations, And To Proclaim Himself And His Cousin John Reeve, Whose Journeyman He Was, As The Two Witnesses ...

Lord George Murray
Murray, Lord George (1694-176o), Jacobite General, Fifth Son Of John, 1st Duke Of Atholl, Was Born At Hunt Ingtower, Near Perth, On Oct. 4, 1694. He Joined The Army In Flanders In 1712 And In 1715 The Jacobite Rebels Under The Earl Of Mar. Wounded At The Battle Of Glenshiel ...

Louis Joseph De Montcalm Gozon
Montcalm, Louis-joseph De Montcalm Gozon, Marquis De (1712-1759), French General, Born Near Nimes, On Feb. 29, 1712. He Was Strictly Brought Up Under The Tutorship Of A Kinsman, Louis Dumas, Becoming A Good Classical Scholar And The Master Of A Vivid And Nervous, Though Unconventional French Style. At The Age ...

Ltd Moscow Narodny Bank
Moscow Narodny Bank, Ltd. The Original Mos Cow Narodny Bank (i.e., People's Bank) Was The Bank Of The Russian Co-operative Movement Bef Ore The Revolution. It First Established An Agency In London In 1916. In 1919 This Was Trans Formed Into An English Company Under The Title Of The Moscow ...

Ludovico Antonio 750 Muratori
Muratori, Ludovico Antonio 750), Italian Scholar, Historian And Antiquary, Was Born Of Poor Parents At Vignola In The Duchy Of Modena On Oct. 21, 1672. Having Taken Minor Orders In 1688, Muratori Took His Doctorate In Law Before 1694, Was Ordained Priest In 1695, And Appointed By Count Carlo Borromeo ...

Ludwig 1839 1909 Mond
Mond, Ludwig (1839-1909), British Chemist, Was Born At Cassel In Germany On Mar. 7, 1839. After Studying At Marburg Under Hermann Kolbe And At Heidelberg Under Robert Bunsen, He Came To England In 1862 And Entered Into Partnership With Mr. Hutchinson, A Well-known Alkali Manufacturer At Widnes, Where He Elaborated ...

Lunar Theory
Lunar Theory Historical.—in Ancient Times The Moon Was A Very Impor Tant Body For Night Illumination And A Great Deal Of Attention Was Given To Its Motions. The Observations Made Were Of An Exacti Tude Far In Advance Of Those In Other Physical Sciences. Hip Parchus (2nd Century B.c.) Discovered ...

Madeleine B1jart
Madeleine B1jart The Formal And Academic Education Of Moliere Was Now Com Plete, And He Was Presumably Expected To Devote Himself Hence Forth To His Father's Business. The Question When Exactly Moliere First Met Madeleine Bejart, A Meeting Which Was Decisive For His Career, Has Been Much Disputed. The Likeliest ...

Marc Rene Montalembert
Montalembert, Marc Rene, Marquis De (1714– 1800), French Military Engineer And Writer, Was Born At Angou Lerne On July 16, 1714, And Entered The French Army In 1732. He Fought In The War Of The Polish Succession On The Rhine (1733– 34), And In The War Of The Austrian Succession ...

Marco 1818 1886 Minghetti
Minghetti, Marco (1818-1886), Italian Economist And Statesman, Was Born At Bologna On Nov. 18, 1818. In 1846 He Was Appointed Member Of The State Council Summoned To Pre Pare The Constitution For The Papal States. In The First Constitu Tional Cabinet, Presided Over By Cardinal Antonelli, Minghetti Was Minister Of ...

Maria Evarist 1802 1866 Miguel
Miguel, Maria Evarist (1802-1866), Usually Known As Dom Miguel, Whose Name Is Chiefly Associated With His Pre Tensions To The Throne Of Portugal, Was The Third Son Of King John Vi. Of Portugal, And Of Carlota Joaquina, One Of The Spanish Bourbons; He Was Born At Lisbon On Oct. 26, ...

Marquise De Daillan
Daillan, Marquise De Mistress Of Louis Xiv., Was Born At The Château Of Tonnay-charente (charente-inferie Ure) The Daughter Of Gabriel De Rochechouart, Duc De Mont Martre. In 1661 She Became Maid-of-honour To Queen Maria Theresa, And Two Years Later She Married L. H. De Pardaillan De Gondrin, Marquis De Montespan, ...

Mary Russell Mitford
Mitford, Mary Russell ( , English Novelist And Dramatist, Only Daughter Of Dr. George Mitford, Or Midford, Was Born At Alresford, Hampshire, On Dec. 16, 1787. She Retains An Honourable Place In Literature As The Authoress Of Our Village (1824-32), A Series Of Sketches Of Village Scenes And Characters Unsurpassed ...

Mary Of Lorraine 1515 1560
Mary Of Lorraine (1515-1560), Generally Known As Mary Of Guise, Queen Of James V. And Afterwards Regent Of Scot Land, Was Born At Bar On Nov. 22, 1515. She Was The Eldest Child Of Claude Of Guise And Antoinette Of Bourbon, And Married In 1534 Louis Ii. Of Orleans, Duke ...

Maryland
Maryland (mer'i-land), The "old Line State," Is One Of The Original Thirteen States Of The United States Of America. It Is Situated On The Atlantic Coast And Extends Along The Chesa Peake Bay Between Lat. 53' And 39° 43' 26.3" N., The Northern Boundary Being The Mason And Dixon Line. ...

Masaccio
Masaccio, Properly Tomaso Guidi (i40i—c. 1428) Floren Tine Painter, Born On Dec. 21, 1401, At Castel S. Giovanni Di Val D'arno, Near Florence, Son Of A Notary Of The Family Of The Scheg Gia, Was Nicknamed Masaccio (for Tomasaccio) On Account Of His Careless Habits. In 1422 He Was Enrolled ...

Masai
Masai. The Most Important Members Of The Nilo-hamitic Group Are The Masai, Nandi, Keyo, Suk, Turkana, Iteso, Kara Mojong, Dodoth, Didinga, Topotha And Ajie. While They Are, Generally Speaking, Homogeneous The Following Distinctions Have To Be Noted: 1. The Suk And The Tribes To The South And East, The Masai, ...

Masaniello
Masaniello, An Abbreviation Of Tommaso Aniello An Amalfi Fisherman, Who Became Leader Of The Re Volt Against Spanish Rule In Naples In 1647. A Revolt Broke Out At Palermo In May 1647, And The People Of Naples Followed The Example Of The Sicilians. The Immediate Occasion Of The Latter Rising ...

Masayoshi Matsukata
Matsukata, Masayoshi, Prince Marquis 1924), Japanese Statesman, Was Born At Kagoshima In 1835, Being A Son Of A Samurai Of The Satsuma Clan. On The Completion Of The Feudal Revolution Of 1868 He Was Appointed Governor Of The Prov Ince Of Tosa, And In 1874 Was Transferred To Tokyi5 As ...

Masks
Masks, Coverings For The Face, Taking Various Forms, Used Either As A Protective Screen Or As A Disguise. In The Latter Sense Masks Are Mostly Associated With The Artificial Faces Worn By Actors In Dramatic Representations (see Drama) Or Assumed In Savage Rites For Exciting Terror. The Mask Was Primarily ...

Masolino Da Panicale 1383 1447
Masolino Da Panicale (1383-1447), Florentine Painter, Born At Panicale Di Valdelsa, Near Florence, Is Assumed To Be Identical With Tommaso, Son Of Aristoforo Fini. He Was One Of The Most Distinguished Representatives Of The Early Renais Sance. There Is Nothing To Confirm Vasari's Statement That He Was A Pupil Of ...

Mason And Dixon Line
Mason And Dixon Line, In America, The Boundary Line (lat. 43' N.) Between Maryland And Pennsylvania, United States; Popularly The Line Separating "free" And "slave" States Before The Civil War, And Also Distinguishing In Popular Parlance The "north" From The "south," East Of The Ohio River. The Line Derives Its ...

Masonry
Masonry, The Art Of Building In Stone. The English Word "mason" Is From The French, Which Appears In The Two Forms, Machun And Masson (from The Last Comes The Modern French Form Mason, Which Means Indifferently A Bricklayer Or Mason). The Earliest Remains Of Masonry (apart From The Primitive Work ...

Mass
Mass, A Name For The Christian Eucharistic Service, Practically Confined Since The Reformation To That Of The Roman Catholic Church. (eccl. Lat. Missa.) The Various Orders For The Celebra Tion Of Mass Are Dealt With Under Liturgy ; A Detailed Account Of The Roman Order Is Given Under Missal ; ...

Mass Production Of Bodies
Mass Production Of Bodies In America The Concentration Of Automobile Production In A Few Factories Soon Eliminated The Small Workshops Scattered Throughout The Country And Resulted In The Development Of Large Body-building Units Either Within The Plant Of The Chassis Manu Facturer Or Nearby. Piece By Piece, The Wooden Side ...

Mass In Music
Mass In Music Musical Settings Of The Mass Are Of Central Importance In The History Of Music During The I5th And 16th Centuries. I. Polyphonic Masses.—as An Art-form The Musical Mass Is Governed By The Structure Of Its Text. The Supremely Important Parts Of The Mass Are Those Which Have ...

Massachusetts
Massachusetts, Popularly Known As The "bay State," Is One Of The New England Group Of The United States Of America. The Name Massachusetts Was Derived From That Of An Indian Tribe. It Was One Of The Earliest English Colonies In America And One Of The Original 13 States Forming The ...