The coloured people, with the consent of the Church, withdrew in 187o, and formed a new Church called the Coloured Methodist Episcopal Church. This church leads all branches of Episcopal Methodism with increases of over 6o% in membership and over 00% church-school enrolment from 1910-25.
The titles to 275 educational institutions are held by the Church. The chief foreign missions are in China, Mexico, Brazil, Japan, Korea and China. Its mission in Japan and the mission of the Methodist Episcopal Church and the Methodist Church of Canada were united in 1907 as the Methodist Church of Japan.
expelled, and their sympathizers, formed themselves into a society named "Associate Methodist Reformers." These sent memorials to the General Conference of 1828, and issued addresses to the public. After a powerful and painful discussion, the appeals were rejected. The controversy centered upon lay representation, the episcopacy and the presiding eldership.
A General Convention was held on the 2nd of November 1830, a Constitution was adopted, and a new organization was estab lished, styled the Methodist Protestant Church. Within eight years it had 5o,000 members, the majority of whom were in the South and bordering states. The Methodist Protestant Church has a presbyterial form of government, the powers being in the Conference. There is no episcopal office or General Superinten dent; each Annual Conference elects its own chairman. Its Gen eral Conference meets once in four years. Ministers and laymen equal in number are elected by the Annual Conferences, in a ratio of one delegate for 1,000 members. The General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church of 1908 sent delegates to the Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church, suggesting union, but formal negotiations have not been instituted.
The Wesleyan Methodist Connection or Church of America.—In the Methodist Episcopal Church slavery was al ways a cause of contention. In 1842 certain Methodist abolition ists conferred as to the wisdom of seceding. Among the leaders were Orange Scott (180o-1847), Jotham Horton and LeRoy Sunderland (1802-1885) and in a paper, which they had estab lished, known as The True Wesleyan, they announced their with drawal from the Church, and issued a call for a convention of all like-minded, which met on the 31st day of May 1843, at Utica, New York, and founded the Wesleyan Methodist Connection or Church of America numbering about 20,000 members within 18 months of its organization. As the Methodist Episcopal Church purged itself from slavery in 1844, and slavery itself was abolished in 1862, a large number of ministers and thousands of communi cants, connected with the body, returned to the Methodist Epis copal Church. It had in 1926, 666 ministers, 675 churches, and 2I,00o communicants. The Congregational Methodists originated. in Georgia in 1852 ; but in polity they are not strictly Congrega tional. This Church has its membership chiefly in Southern states. The Free Methodist Church was organized in August 186o, and was the result of ten years of agitation. It was the purpose of the founders to conserve the usage and the spirit of primitive Method ism. The government of the Church is simple, in all but the Episcopacy and its adjuncts resembling that of the Church whence it sprang. The Free Methodist Church had in 1926 1,259 churches, and 34,751 communicants. The Primitive Methodist Church, as it exists in the United States, came from England.