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Morbihan
Morbihan, A Department Of Western France On The At Lantic Seaboard, Formed Of Part Of Lower Brittany, And Bounded S.e. By The Department Of Loire-inferieure, E. By That Of Ille-et Vilaine, N. By Cotes-du-nord, And W. By Finistere. Area, 2,738 Sq. Miles. Pop. (1931) 537,528. The Department Is Formed Of ...

Morelia
Morelia (formerly Valladolid), A City Of Mexico And Capital Of The State Of Michoacan, 125 M. Direct And 234 M. By Rail W. By N. Of The City Of Mexico, Near The Southern Margin Of The Great Mexican Plateau, 6,398 Ft. Above Sea-level, In Lat. 19° 42' N., Long. Ioo° ...

Morelos
Morelos, An Inland State Of Mexico On The Southern Slope Of The Great Mexican Plateau, Lying South Of The Federal District, With The States Of Puebla On The East And South-east, Guerrero On The South, And Mexico On The West, North And North-east. Pop. (1930) 132,068, Including A Large Percentage ...

Morgan City
Morgan City, A City Of St. Mary Parish, Louisiana, U.s.a., 8o M. W.s.w. Of New Orleans, On The Atchafalaya River, Federal Highway 90, And The Southern Pacific Railway. Pop. 5,429 In 1920; 5985, 193o. It Is The Centre Of The Muskrat-raising District Of The State, And Has A Large Fish ...

Morlaix
Morlaix, A Town Of Western France, Capital Of An Arron Dissement In The Department Of Finistere, 37 M. E.n.e. Of Brest On The Railway To Rennes. Pop. (1931) 11,029. Coin Finds Sug Gest That Morlaix Was Probably Occupied In The Time Of The Rom Ans. The Counts Of Leon Held ...

Mormonism
Mormonism Does Not Claim To Be A New Religion, But Regards Itself As A New Dispensation Of The One And Only Gospel Of The Lord Jesus Christ ; God's Plan Of "eternal Life, Which God, That Cannot Lie, Promised Before The World Began." (titus But While There Is But One ...

Mormons Or Saints
Mormons Or Saints, A Religious Society Founded By Joseph Smith (q.v.) And Associates At Fayette, Seneca County, New York, April 6, 183o. It Was Organized Con Formably To The Laws Of The State Of New York, Which Required No Fewer Than Six Persons To Constitute A Religious Society. Joseph Smith's ...

Morocco
Morocco (mar0c), A Country Of Northern Africa, Which Forms With Algeria And Tunis A Large Geographical Unit, The Djezira-el-maghrib (isle Of The West) Of The Arab Geographers, The Barbary Of The Europeans; It Lies Between 35° And 29° N. Lat, And Between Io° And I° W. Long. Morocco Is Bounded ...

Morphine
Morphine, The Chief Alkaloid Of Opium (q.v.), Insoluble In Water And Ether. It Is Used In The Form Of Its Hydrochloride, Sulphate, Acetate And Tartrate And In Various Non-official Prepara Tions Such As Dionin, Heroin, Glycaphorm And Peronin. The Prepa Rations Of Morphine Are Incompatible With Salts Of Iron, Copper ...

Morphological Resemblance Or Homology
Morphological Resemblance Or Homology It Is Evident That The Differences Between Those Structures That Lie Distal To The Wrist In The Bird And Mammal Are Associated With The Different Functions Which They Perform ; In The Bird They Have To Support The Largest Feathers Of The Wing, In The Other ...

Morphology
Morphology, A Term Used In Zoology And Botany To Cover All Those Studies In Which The Centre Of Interest Is The Form And Structure Of An Organism. It Is Thus The Antithesis Of Physi Ology (q.v.). The First Step In Morphology Is To Determine And Record The Shape Of A ...

Morris Dance Or Morrice Dance
Morris-dance Or Morrice-dance, An Old Eng Lish Dance, Which Is Said By Various Authorities To Have Been Introduced By John Of Gaunt From Spain Or Borrowed From The French Or Flemings. That It Was A Development Of The Morisco Dance Or Spanish Fandango Is Not Invalidated By The Fact That ...

Mortar In Building
Mortar In Building. This Consists Of Granular And Siliceous Material, Such As Sand, Crushed Brick, Or Stone, Chippings, Or Crushed Clinker With A Cementitious Material, Such As Lime Or Cement, Mixed And Reduced To A Plastic State With Water. The Purpose Of Mortar Is To Bed Uniformly And To Unite ...

Mortgage
Mortgage, The Securing "money Or Money's Worth" By Making It A Charge Upon Property, Real Or Personal, So That If The Debt Be Not Paid By A Time Agreed Upon By The Parties, The Creditor May Foreclose Or Sell The Property And Pay Himself Out Of The Pro Ceeds. In ...

Mortimer
Mortimer (family). The Mortimers Of Wigmore, .earls Of March And Ulster, Were Akin To The Dukes Of Normandy. Their Ancestor Hugh, Bishop Of Coutances In 99o, Had Three Sons, The Eldest Being Ralph, Father Of William Of Warenne, Earl Of Surrey, And The Second Roger Of Mortemer-en-brai. In The Battle ...

Mosaic
Mosaic, Either A Method, Or The Result Produced By A Method, Of Forming A Surface By Placing Close Together Small Pieces Of Marble, Glass, Tile, Enamel, Etc., Usually For Decorative Effect. Mosaic Is An Outgrowth Of Inlay. In Early Periods Of Culture, Small Carvings Of Wood, Stone Or Ivory Were ...

Moscow
Moscow (russian Moskva), A Province Of The Russian S.f.s.r., Surrounded By Those Of Smolensk, Tver, Vladimir, Rya Zan, Tula And Kaluga, Area 44,98o Sq.km.; Pop. (1926) 4,534,133. The Province Is Of Peculiar Interest As The Cradle Of The "great Russian" Nation Which Rose After The Decay Of Kiev. It Consists ...

Moselle
Moselle, A Department Of North-eastern France, Formed Of The Portion Of Lorraine Which Was Annexed By Germany As The Result Of The War Of 1870. Area, 2,403 Sq. Miles. Pop. (1930, 693,408. It Is Bounded On The North And North-east By Luxem Bourg And Germany, Including The Saar Territory, On ...

Moselle Wines
Moselle Wines. The Vineyards Of The Moselle Are Of Greater Antiquity Than Those Of The Rhine; They Were Originally Planted By The Romans At A Time When The Rhine Was The Bound Ary Of The Roman Empire. It Is Only From Treves To Coblenz That The Vineyards Of The Moselle ...

Moses
Moses (gr. Mow*, The Great Jewish Lawgiver, Prophet And Mediator, And Leader Of The Israelites From Egypt To The Eastern Borders Of The Promised Land. The Records Of His Life And Work Are Noticed In The Articles Exodus, Numbers, Deuter Onomy, Where The Several Sources Of The Narratives Are Described. ...

Moses 1729 1786 Mendelssohn
Mendelssohn, Moses (1729-1786), Jewish Philoso Pher, Was Born In Dessau In 1729. His Father's Name Was Mendel, And He Was Later On Surnamed Mendelssohn (=--son Of Mendel). Mendel Dessau Was A Poor Scribe, And His Son Moses In His Boy Hood Developed Curvature Of The Spine. His Early Education Was ...

Mosque
Mosque, A Building Erected For Mohammedan Religious Serv Ices. The Early Type Of Mosque Is Determined By The Position Of The Mihrab Or Prayer Niche Indicating The Direction Of Mecca And The Ritual Custom Of Having All The Worshippers Arranged In Parallel Lines Facing In This Direction. Thus The Mihrab ...

Mosquito
Mosquito, The Name Applied To Species Of Blood-sucking Flies Belonging To The Family Culicidae, Or Gnats, Of The Order Dip Tera (q.v.). Prior To The Year 1899 Mosquitoes Received Very Little Attention From Entomologists And Relatively Few Species Were Known. At The End Of The 19th Century The Researches Of ...

Mosquito Coast Or Mosquito
Mosquito Coast Or Mosquito Reserve (mos Quitia Or Reserva Mosquita), A Section Of The Eastern Coast Of The Republic Of Nicaragua, Once Held As A Protectorate By The British Crown, And Now Comprised Largely In The Province Or Department Of Zelaya, Nicaragua. It Includes The Important Town Of Bluefields, The ...

Most Favoured Nation Clause
Most Favoured Nation Clause, In A Commer Cial Treaty, An Article Which Concedes To The State With Which It Is Concluded Whatever Advantages In The Matters Comprised Within Its Stipulations Have Been Allowed To Any Foreign Or Third State. It Does Not In Itself Directly Confer Any Particular Rights, But ...

Mosul
Mosul, The Third Most Important Town Of Modern 'iraq. The Other Two Large Towns Being Baghdad And Basra. Mosul Lies On The Right Bank Of The Tigris In 27° N. E., Opposite The Site Of Ancient Nineveh, And 23o Miles North-west Of Baghdad. The Population Is Estimated At Between 70,000 ...

Mosul
Mosul, A Vilayet, One Of The Divisions Into Which Mesopo Tamia Was Divided Under Turkish Rule, Corresponds Roughly To Ancient Assyria. The Vilayet Which Included The Sanjaks Of Mosul, Shehrizor And Sulaimaniya Had An Area Of About 29,000 Sq.m., Although The Actual Area In Dispute Between Turkey And 'iraq, And ...

Motet
Motet, A Musical Art-form Of Paramount Importance In The I6th Century. The Word Is Of Doubtful Etymology, And Probably Has More Than One Origin. Thus Modulus Suggests Modulus Or Melody, And Probably Connects With Motetus Or Motellus, Which Designates One Of The Middle Parts In Early Vocal Compositions. On The ...

Motion Picture Acting
Motion Picture Acting The Development Of A Technique Of Motion Picture Acting Has Progressed Hand In Hand With The Development Of The Mechanical Tools Of The Profession. As Camera And Microphone Have Evolved From Their Earliest Crude Forms, As The Sound-proof Blimp, The Camera Boom And Dolly, And The Directional ...

Motion Picture Direction
Motion Picture Direction The Director.—the Director Is The Chief Executive-artist On A Motion Picture Set. It Is His Responsibility To Co-ordinate The Diverse Talents Of Actors, Camera Crew, Sound Technicians, Elec Tricians, Hairdressers, Make-up Men, Designers, Wardrobe Workers, Cutter, Dialogue Supervisor, And Numerous Other Experts Who Con Tribute To The ...

Motion Picture Production
Motion Picture Production Early Pictures.—the First Story Pictures, Running Only A Few Hundred Feet, Presented Little More Than Simple Incidents Or Rec Ords Of Events. Little Or No Attempt Was Made To Capture True Dramatic Values. In 1907 David Wark Griffith, A Young American Director, Evolved A Screen Technique Of ...

Motion Picture Sets
Motion Picture Sets The First American Motion Picture Sets Were Built On Outdoor Stages For The Strong Natural Light Then Thought Necessary. Later, Glass Stages Hung With White And Black Diffusing Cloths Which Could Be Pulled Over The Top, Were Used To Control The Ever Chang Ing Daylight. Set Construction ...

Motion Picture Theatre
Motion Picture Theatre. The Motion Picture Theatres Equipped For Sound Pictures Throughout The World Are Divided As Follows (u.s. Dept. Of Commerce 1938) : Europe 37,578; North America (u.s. And Canada) 18,765; Far East 5,796; Latin America 4,571; Africa And Near East 856; And The Six Nations With The Largest ...

Motion Pictures
Motion Pictures. The Motion Picture Is The Latest Machine Tool In The Service Of Expression. The Endeavours To Transmit Emotional Stimuli And Experience By Re-creating Events Have Resulted In Language, Oral And Written, The Plastic And Graphic Arts, The Stage, Music And Lastly The Screen. Hitherto, Motion Had Been Consciously ...

Motor Car
Motor Car, A Self-propelled Freight Or Passenger Vehicle Adapted To Run And Be Steered On Ordinary Roads. Most Motor Vehicles Are Propelled By Internal Combustion Engines, But Some Are Driven By Steam And Some By Electric Motors, Although These Are, Almost Entirely, Limited To Commercial Service. This Article Is Divided ...

Motor Car Body Design
Motor Car Body Design This Subject, Which Deals With Aesthetic Considerations In Rela Tion To Motor Car Body Design, Is Treated Comprehensively Below And Also Under A Following Section, United States. In Automobile Design, The Artistic Or Aesthetic Side Of The De Signer's Craft Is Subservient, I.e., There Is No ...

Motor Car Engines Their
Motor Car Engines: Their Operation And Care. An Internal Combustion Engine Is One In Which The Fuel Is Burned Directly Inside The Machine Which Converts The Heat Energy Into Work. Practically All Motor Cars Use This Kind Of Engine, The Fuel Being Petrol (gasoline). The Engine Consists Of Several Cylinders ...

Motor Car Operation Terminology
Motor Car Operation Terminology In The Development And Testing Of Automobile Equipment Cer Tain Engineering Terms Are Used That Are Frequently Misunderstood And Misinterpreted. (see Internal Combustion Engines.) These Terms Are : Mean Effective Pressure, Work, Torque, Power, Thermal Efficiency, Mechanical Efficiency And Volumetric Efficiency. Pressure Is Generally Used In ...

Motor Racing
Motor Racing. The First Motor Car Competition Of Any Kind, Which Was Not Actually A Race, Though It Had Some Of The Characteristics Of One, Consisted Of A Trial From Paris To Rouen And Back In 1894. Though Only 26 Cars Competed, The Fact That 102 Were Entered Says Much ...

Motor Vehicle Insurance
Motor Vehicle Insurance. The Growth Of Motor Transport During The Last 3o Years Has Resulted In A Demand For Very Specialized Insurances To Protect Private And Commercial Vehicle Owners And Motor Traders. Each Have Their Own Particular Risks Necessitating Widely Different Forms Of Cover. The Principal Feature Of Any Insurance ...

Motorcycles
Motorcycles. Although The Motorcycle Did Not Be Come Popular In Any Country Until 1911-12, The First Examples Of It Were Seen In France And Germany About 1885. In 1907, The First Of A Series Of Famous Motorcycle Road Races, The International Tourist Trophy Races, Was Held In The Isle Of ...