In addition to the regular public schools, the State maintains normal schools at Trenton, Montclair, Newark, Paterson and Glassboro, a school for the deaf at Trenton, and a Manual Train ing and Industrial School for Colored Youth at Bordentown. An agricultural college and experiment station has long been main tained in connection with Rutgers college, now Rutgers university, at New Brunswick. In 1918 the legislature designated Rutgers as the State University of New Jersey. The New Jersey College for Women affiliated with the State university was opened in Sept. 1918. There are industrial schools in Newark, Hoboken and Trenton supported in part by the State. Among the institutions of higher education not receiving State aid are Princeton univer sity (q.v.) at Princeton ; Stevens Institute of Technology at Hoboken; Upsala college at East Orange; Seton Hall college at South Orange ; St. Joseph's college at Princeton; Georgian Court college at Lakewood; College of St. Elizabeth at Convent Station; Alma college at Zarephath ; Newark University at Newark ; Drew Theological seminary at Madison ; Princeton Theological semi nary at Princeton ; and Immaculate Conception Theological sem inary at South Orange.
The State supports the follow ing charitable and correctional institutions all under the super vision of the State department of institutions and agencies : hos pitals for the insane at Trenton and Greystone Park; a sana torium for tuberculous diseases at Glen Garden ; a village for epileptics near Skillman ; a home for feeble-minded women at Vineland; State colonies for feeble-minded males at New Lisbon and Woodbine ; a home for disabled soldiers at Kearny ; a home for disabled soldiers, sailors and their wives at Vineland ; a re formatory for women, near Clinton and a similar institution for men at Rahway ; a State home (reform school) for boys, near Jamesburg, and for girls, near Trenton; and a State prison at Trenton.
The farm acreage of New Jersey gradually de creased between 1900 and 1935, the total acreage for these years being respectively 2,840,966 and 1,914,000. During the same period the number of farms decreased from 34,294 to 29,375. The average size of the farms was 65.2ac. in 1935 as compared with 82ac. in 1900. Only 5,242 or 17.8% of the total number of farms were operated by tenants. The value of all farm crops in 1935 was $38,400,000 as compared with $60,100,000 in 1925.
In 1935 according to the Year Book of the U.S. department of agriculture, the principal field crops were: Indian corn, 8,700,000 bu. ($6,090,000) ; hay, 399,000 tons
; potatoes, 8,632,00013u. ($3,712,000) ; sweet potatoes, 2,465,00obu. ($2, 120,000) ; wheat, 1,334,00013u. ($1,134,000) ; and oats, 1,536,00o bu. ($599,000). New Jersey ranks among the leaders in the com
mercial production of fruits and truck crops. In 1935 the State stood first in production of eggplants and early Irish potatoes, and second in raising asparagus, snap beans, cucumbers, and green peppers. In that year it produced 4,200,000bu. of apples.
The number and value of each of the various classes of live stock in the State on Jan. 1, 1935, were as follows: horses, 38,990
($520,076) ; dairy cattle,
other cattle, 53,945 (total value,
; swine, 150,812 ($1,462,876) ; sheep, 7,235 ($134,366). The dairy industry is confined chiefly to the production of milk and butter for con sumption in New York, Philadelphia and other large cities. The production of milk in 1934 was 92,101,266 gallons. Poultry raising also is an important industry; in 1924 the value of all chickens raised and eggs produced was estimated at $16,808,421.
Manufacturing has long been the leading industry of New Jersey. In 1935 the value of the products of the State's 7,443 manufacturing establishments was $2,420,636,000; wages paid to 376,264 employees amounted to
This marks an increase in industrial output over the $1,686,128,634 value of production in 1933, but it is behind the production figure of $3,923,261,505 for 1929. New Jersey ranked first among the states in 1933 in the dyeing and finishing of textiles, manufacture of chemicals, paints and varnishes, tanning materials and dye stuffs, elevators and elevator equipment, and rubber goods other than tyres and footwear. The State's industrial importance is due, in great part, to the excellent transportation facilities, and to the proximity of large markets and of great natural resources, such as the clays of New Jersey and the coal and iron of Pennsylvania. The chief manufacturing centres in 1933, as judged by the value of their products were Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Camden, Trenton, Bayonne, Kearny, Elizabeth and Passaic. Newark is the centre for electrical machinery, paints and varnishes, jewelry, tanning and finishing leather, chemicals, and bread and bakery products. Paterson's chief industries are the dyeing and finishing of textiles and the manufacture of silk. Jersey City is the cen tre of the State's slaughtering and meat packing industry. Tren ton is famous for its pottery and porcelain ware. The ten prin cipal industries of New Jersey, based on the value of their products in 1933, were as follows: Other manufactures valued in 1933 at more than $25,000,000 were: foundry and machine shop products; canning and preserv ing fruits and vegetables ; silk and rayon goods ; rubber goods; cigars and cigarettes and worsted goods.