TINNE, ALEXANDRINE PETRONELLA FRAN CINA (1839-1869), Dutch traveller in Africa, born at The Hague on Oct. 17, 1839, was the daughter of Philip F. Tinne, a Dutch merchant who settled in England during the Napoleonic wars. Her father died when she was five years old, leaving her the richest heiress in the Netherlands. After travelling in Nor way, Italy and the East, and visiting Egypt, when she ascended the Nile to near Gondokoro, Miss Tinne left Europe again in 1861 for the Nile regions. Accompanied by her mother and her aunt, she set out from Cairo on Jan. 9, 1862. After a short stay at Khartum the party ascended the White Nile to a point above Gondokoro, and explored a part of the Sobat, returning to Khartum in November. Baron Theodor von Heuglin (q.v.) and Dr. H. Steudner having meantime joined the ladies at Khartum, the whole party set out in Feb. 1863 for the Bahr-el-Ghazal.
Ascending the Bahr-el-Ghazal the limit of navigation was reached on March io. From Meshra-er-Rek a journey was made overland, across the Bahr Jur and south-west by the Bahr Ko sango, to Jebel Kosango, on the borders of the Niam-Niam coun try. During the journey all the travellers suffered severely from
fever. Steudner died in April and Madame Tinne in June, and after many fatigues and dangers the remainder of the party reached Khartum in July 1864, where Miss Tinne's aunt died. Miss Tinne returned to Cairo by Berber and Suakin. In Jan. 1869 she started from Tripoli with a caravan, intending to proceed to Lake Chad, and thence to the upper Nile. On Aug. 1, however, on the route from Murzuk to Ghat, she was murdered, together with two Dutch sailors, by Tuareg who believed that her iron water tanks were filled with gold.