Home >> Encyclopedia-of-architecture-1852 >> Vault to Working Drawings

Encyclopedia of Architecture by Peter Nicholson (1852)

Vault
Vault, Groined, A Compound Vault, Which Rises To The Same Height In Its Surfaces As That Of Two Equal Cylinders, Or A Cylinder With A Eylindroid. In The Temple Of Peace, At Rome, The Middle Aisle Is Groined, All The Arches Are Elliptic, Their Chord, Or Springing Line, Being That ...

Ventilath N
Ventilath )n, The Method Of Supplying Buildings With Fresh Air. In Buildings Which Are Intended For Habitation, Or Where Large Bodies Of Persons Are At Any Tune To Be Eon Gregated It Is Requisite That There Should Be Some Means Of Replenishing The Apartment With A Constant Supply Of Pure ...

Vignola
Vignola, A Name Commonly Given To James Barozzi, Or B.u2oggio, From The Place Of His Birth, A Small Town In The Duchy Of Modena. He Was Born In 1507, And Was The Son Of A Person Of Consequence, Xvhom The Political Strife Of The Day Obliged To Expatriate Himself. James ...

Vincenzo Scamozzi
Scamozzi, Vincenzo, A Celebrated Architect, Born At Vicenza In 155'2. Ile Was Educated Under His Father, Gian Domenico, An Able Artist In The Same Branch; And, At The Age Of Seventeen, He Made Designs For Buildings That Were Very Highly Esteemed. Lie Went To Venice For Improvement, Where Palladio And ...

Vitruvius
Vitruvius, Ml. Pollio, A Very Distinguished Writer On Architecture, Is Supposed To Have Flourished In The Times Ofjulins Cesar And Augustus. Of His Parentage, And Place Of Nativity, Nothing Certain Is Known : Verona And Plaisanee Both Claim Him ; But The Pretensions Of Formhe, Now Mola De Gaeta, Are ...

Volute
Volute, One Of The Principal Ornaments In The Ionic Capital Composed Of Two Or More Spirals Of The Same Species, Having One Common Eye And Centre, Variously Channelled, Or Hollowed Out In The Form Of Mouldings. Among The Remains Of Ancient Architecture, The Ionic Capitals Of The Temples Of Ereehtheus ...

Walls
Walls, (perhaps From The Latin Vallant, A Fence,) Those Masses Of Materials Which Generally Have Their Fires In Ver Tical Or Plumblines; Or, At Least Are So Disposed, That A Plumb-line From Any Point In Either Surface Will Thll Entirely Within The Surface, Or Within The Thickness Of The Wall. ...

Waterloo Bridge Is
Waterloo Bridge Is One Of The Finest Stone Bridges Con Structed Over The Thames ; Its Bold, Solid Style Of Architec Ture Being Admirably Suited To The Character Of A Bridge Over A Large And Important River, Where Massiveness And Strength, Combined With Taste In Design, Have Been Judiciously And ...

Wedge
Wedge. (from The Danish Wep•e.) Writers On Mechanics, In Treating Of The Wedge, Have Frequently Drawn False Inclu Sions Respecting The Proportion Which Exists Between The Impelling Power Applied To The Head, And The Resisting Powers Opposed To The Sides; And Those Conclusions Have Resulted From False Opinions Concerning The ...

Weight
Weight, In Commerce, Denotes A Body Of A Known Weight, Appointed By Law To Be The Standard Of Comparison Between Different Quantities Of Merchandise Of Certain Descriptions ; The Weight Itself Being Usually Of Lead, Iron, Brass, Or Other Metal. The Great Diversity Of Weights And Measures, In All Nations, ...

Westminster Bridge
Westminster Bridge Was Built According To The Designs, And Under The Superintendence Of, A Swiss Architect, Named Labeyle, Who, In Its Construction, Adopted The Practice Of Forming The Foundations By Means Of Caisson; Instead Of Driving Piles Into The Ground, Or Making Use Of According To The General Custom. This ...

Windows
Windows, (from The Danish, Vindue, Or The Welsh Viva Dor, A Passage For The Wind,) Those Apertures In Walls Through Which Light Is Transmitted To The Interior Of Build Ings. Windows Are Generally Of A Rectangular Form, The Sides, Or Jambs, Being Vertical, And The Bottom And Lintel Horizontal. Semicircular ...

Wooden Bridges
Wooden Bridges, Are Platforms Constructed Of Car Pentry, For Crossing Streams, Rivers, Roads, Sze. These Bridges May Be Looked Upon As The Origin Of All Such Constructions, Whether Of Stone, Wood, Or Iron. In Early Times It May Fitirly He Supposed, That Trees, Or Planks Made From Them, Weold Be ...

Wore
Wore, In The Mensuration Of Artificers' Work, Includes The Taking Of The Dimensions Of Every Description Of Timber Necessary In The Construction Of Buildings, Finding Their Contents, And Valuing The Same. The Works Done By The Carpenter, In The General Construc Tion Of Buildings, Are The Preparation Of Piles, Sleepers, ...

Working Drawings
Working Drawings, Consist Of Plans, Elevations, And Sections Of The Whole, And All The Parts, Of An Edifice, To As Large A Scale As May Be Found Convenient; Generally In Outline, Excepting The Sectional Parts, Which Are Frequently Shadowed, Or Scratched, In Order To Make Them More Obvious To The ...