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A Modern Residence

shown, foundation, cement, concrete, plans and sand

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A MODERN RESIDENCE As further illustrating the practical appli cation of the principles of specification writing and cost estimating to actual instances of con struction, we reproduce the working plans, de tailed specifications, and revised estimate of cost of a moderate-sized up-to-date residence recently erected at Babylon, Long Island.

A photograph of the building is shown in the plate opposite page 1, in this volume; and in Figs. 1 to 8 the working drawings are repro duced, some minor dimensions only being omitted.

The house was both designed and built by Mr. E. W. Howell, who furnished the copies of the plans, specifications, and estimate for the purposes of this volume. All were prepared by the same person, the figures of the estimate as here given being revised on the basis of actual cost. The cost of the various items would, of course, vary somewhat for a similar house erected in a different part of the country.

Specifications for Residence at Babylon, Long Island, N. Y.

General Conditions— The building to be of dimensions shown by plans and figures of the same. If plans and figures disagree, the figures will have to be the guide.

The Contractor to provide all material and labor necessary for the complete and substan tial execution of everything described, shown, or reasonably implied in the drawings and speci fications in this part of the work, including all scaffolding, transportation, apparatus, and utensils requisite for the same, so that any work exhibited in the drawing and not men tioned in the specification, or vice versa, is to be executed the same as if mentioned in the specification and set forth in the drawing, to the true intent and meaning of the said drawing and specification, without extra charge.

All materials to be the best of their respec tive kinds, and all workmanship to be of the best quality.

The Contractor is to set out his own work correctly and is to give it his personal super intendence, keeping a competent foreman con stantly on the ground.

A Modern Residence

Should the owner desire to make any altera tions during the progress of the work, he shall have the privilege so to do, which alterations shall not affect or make void this contract; and whether additions or deductions, they shall be appraised in accordance with the rate at which the work is taken, and the cost is to be either deducted from or added to the price as may be required.

Excavation— All the excavating to be done by the Con tractor. All the top soil over the entire space to be covered by the building, including the verandas, is to be taken off and stacked at near by points for future grading. The sub-soil is to be kept separate, and stacked at convenient points for future grading.

Heights— The top of foundation wall will be 4 feet above highest point of present grade. Other heights as shown on plans and specifications.

Foundation— Building foundation walls of hard-burned North River or Long Island brick, laid in mor tar composed of 2 parts Portland cement, 1 part Rockland lime, 3 parts screened sharp sand. Walls to be 8 inches thick, and 16-inch footing courses stepped out 2 courses. Corners to be built true and plumb, all joints laid close and straight, and neatly struck where exposed. All mortar joints to be thoroughly filled with mortar.

Chimney Foundation— Build chimney foundation where shown, of concrete 6 inches thick, projecting 4 inches on all sides; concrete well rammed down so as to prevent any settling. The top of chimney foot ing to be 1 inch below finish of cellar floor bot tom. Concrete composed of 1 part cement, 4 parts gravel, 3 parts sand.

Cellar Steps— These to be 3 by 10-inch quarry-axed blue stone.

Concrete Cellar Floor— Level off cellar bottom to proper depth, and cover with cement concrete inches thick, of 1 part Portland cement, 4 parts gravel, and 3 parts sharp sand, properly mixed, and well rammed in place. On this, lay a finishing coat composed of 1 part Portland cement, 2 parts clean, sharp sand troweled perfectly level and smooth to give a good wearing surface—all to be done in the best manner.

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