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Miscellaneous Fittings

door, knob, latch, lever, shown and nail

MISCELLANEOUS FITTINGS Nails, screws, screw-eyes, cup-hooks, staples, and are too familiar to everyone to need description. It may not be out of place to suggest that the common round form of wire nail is in most cases preferable to the square cut iron nail. It drives cleaner and holds better. The wire nail is also made with a small head for use in work where the nail-head is to be counter sunk and concealed. Where nails are to be driven through work and bent over or clinched on the opposite side, a softer wrought-iron nail should be used.

Fig. 50 shows a few forms of coat, hat, hall tree, ceiling, and towel hooks. These hooks come in all finishes, and are often formed in very elaborate designs. For ordinary use in closets where a number of hooks are to be placed close together, the ordinary wire hook formed with long hook above and shorter hook below gives good satisfaction. A ceiling hook of this same construction may also be used.

A good fastening for a cupboard door is shown in Fig. 51. This is known as a cupboard turn. These come in all metals and finishes and in plain and ornamental designs. The mechan ism consists of a spring bolt or catch operated by turning the knob shown in the figure. A cup board-catch which resembles the preceding fig ure with the exception that the knob slides in stead of turning, is also made.

Miscellaneous Fittings

Turn-buttons,

consisting of a short metal bar pivoted at its center and mounted in the center of a split metal plate, are convenient for holding small doors or a hinged sash.

A form of cupboard-latch which resembles in principle the ordinary door thumb-latch can also be used. In this fastening, a small knob takes the place of the thumb-lever in the large door form of latch.

A combination of knob and catch consisting of a pivoted lever which protrudes through a cupboard door, its hooked inner end falling over a strike, and having a knob on the outer end, makes a simple and secure fastening.

As a substitute for a bolt to fasten the stand ing part of a double door in closets and ward robes, a form of fastening known as a knee-catch or elbow-catch is used. This consists of a lever

bent to a right angle and pivoted at the bend. One end of the lever is formed into a catch to engage with a strike placed inside the closet. The other end is fitted with a spring in such a manner that when the door is closed the catch drops over the strike and cannot be released without depressing the spring end of the lever.

The bent lever part of the fastener is screwed to the door.

For lavatory doors a form of latch is used, consisting of a plate in the middle of which is pivoted a flat latch-bar with a small knob at the outer end. When closed, this latch-bar swings down into a small bracketed arm which forms the other part of the locking device.

Hinges for should be of heavy construction and made of brass or bronze. A type of double hinge is frequently used.

Any type of good heavy hinge may be used on refrigerators. Brass or bronze is preferable on account of its non-rusting qualities. Many forms of refrigerator locks are sold; but most of them serve only as a lock or latch and do not fulfil the important object of keeping the door closed tightly so that no warm air can leak in. The form of latch to be preferred is one that forces the door shut as the bar of the latch sinks into its holder.

While card frames for use on doors, hall mail boxes, plates, whistles, etc., are all comprised under the heading of "builders' hardware," the types are so common that they hardly need comment.

Fig. 52 shows a neat and convenient type of for use when the regular push-button electric bell is not desired. The push-button shown in the figure is the end of a rod which engages with a series of cog wheels controlling the action of the striker, all encased in a neatly finished bell-metal or steel case, as shown to the left in the figure. This case forms the gong. This bell gives a good ring similar to that of the regular electric bell.