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Twentieth Century Practice: An International Encyclopedia of Modern Medical Science by Leading Authorities of Europe and America, Volume 2: Nutritive Disorders" by Thomas Lathrop Stedman (1895)

Frequency And Causes Of
Frequency And Causes Of The Complications - Complications Of Diabetes. Diabetes Is A Disease That Shows An Extraordinary Tendency To Complications; Almost Every Organ Of The Sufferer From This Disease May Become The Seat Of Some Pathological Process. The Distur Bances Met With Differ For The Most Part But Little ...

Function Complications Ofdiabetes
Function - Complications Of Diabetes. It Was Shown In The Preceding Section That The Removal Of The Causes Leading To Diabetes Can Seldom Be Attempted With Hope Of Suc Cess. If These Attempts Are Not Successful, Whether Because The Cause Is Out Of The Reach Of Our Therapeutic Measures, Or ...

Functions Of The Adrenals
Functions Of The Adrenals - Addison's Disease And Other Nothing Is Definitely Known As To The Functions Exercised By These Bodies. They Are Classed With The Ductless Glands, And Commonly Believed To Form Part Of The Lymph-system Of The Body. Neither From Physiological Experimentation Nor From Pathological Investigation Has Much ...

General Considerations Concerning Diet
General Considerations Concerning Diet In Diabetes. A. Preservation Of The Body Albumin; Calorie Value Of The Food.— Under All Circu-mstances, The Diet In Diabetes Must Be So Ordered That The Strength Of The Patient May Be Thereby Maintained And As Far As Possible Increased. As The Strength Depends Essentially Upon ...

General Hygienic Measures Diabetes
General Hygienic Measures - Diabetes. I Have Been Forced To Anticipate In Other Places Much That Would Properly Come Under This Heading, And Would Refer The Reader For A Fuller Presentation Of The Subject Especially To The Sections On The Etiological Treatment Of Neurogenous Diabetes And On The Employment Of ...

General Symptomatology Diseasesof
General Symptomatology - Diseases Of The Muscles. We Know That The Muscles Of The Body Are Of Two Sorts—those Of Organic Life, Involuntary With Smooth Fibres, And Voluntary Muscles With Striated Fibres. The Latter Only Will Concern Us Here. The Alter Ation In The Muscular Tissue May Constitute In Itself ...

General Tendency And Hereditary
General Tendency And Hereditary Disposition. Experience Teaches That Not All Men Under Equal Conditions Accu Mulate Fat, But That Many Persons May Be Safely As Immoderate In Eating And As Inactive As Others In Whom Within A Brief Period An Ample Accumulation Of Fat In The Body Becomes Perceptible And ...

Geographical Distribution Of Gout
Geographical Distribution Of Gout. In His "handbuch Der Histonsch-geographischen Pathologic," Hirsch Has Shown That Gout Is Chiefly Encountered In The Cities Of The Temperate Zones, Where From Time Immemorial The Highest Degrees Of Civilization And Luxury Have Been Attained. In The Torrid Zone, The Disease Is Unknown, But Sporadic Cases ...

Glycogen Shortage Sugar Formation
Glycogen Shortage; Sugar Formation From Fat - Fate Of The Carbohydrates When The Supply Is Insufficient. When The Unequal Conditions Of A Small Supply And Large Demand Of Carbohydrate Continue For A Short Time Only, A Few Hours Or Days, The Reserve Store Of Glycogen Is Drawn Upon. This, Together ...

Glycosuria In Phloridzin Poisoning
Glycosuria In Phloridzin Poisoning. The Form Of Glycosuria Which We Are About To Study, Namely, That Occurring In Phloridzin Poisoning, Has Thrown No Greater Light Upon The Problem Of Diabetes Than Did The Experiments Which We Have Just Considered. Yet Our Acquaintance With It Has Added In An Im Portant ...

Gout
Gout Synonyms. In The Writings Of Hippocrates And Aretwus, Gout Is Known As Ap Eptrts., A Term Derived From A Joint, And Ereci Inflammation. As The Foot Was The Most Conspicuous Seat Of The Disease, It Was By These Early Authors Frequently Called '7wmyini, Or Roadipa, A Derivative Of The ...

Gout Alkalies Medicinaltreatment
Gout Alkalies - Medicinal Treatment. From The Remotest Antiquity The Alkaline Salts And Their Bases Have Enjoyed The Highest Reputation Iu The Treatment Of Gout. Long Before The Birth Of Chemistry The Ancient Greek Physicians In Alexandria, Athens, And Rome Were In The Habit Of Giving To Their Arthritic Patients ...

Gout Definition
Gout Definition. To Formulate A Concisely Accurate Definition Of Gout Is Impossible, For The Reason That The Disease Is Not A Simple Entity, But Is Both A Local Disorder And A General Perversion Of Nutrition. More Than This—it Is One Of The Most Conspicuous Manifestations Of A Particular Diathesis. Gout ...

Gout Diet Treatmenthygienic
Gout Diet - Treatment Hygienic And Prophylactic . A Similar Course Should Be Prescribed In All Cases Where There Is Danger That A Healthy Individual May Become Arthritic. Unfortu Nately, However, The Physician Is Seldom Consulted Until The Diathesis Has Been Acquired. It Then Becomes Necessary To Regulate The Diet ...

Gout Morbid Anatomy
Gout -morbid Anatomy. The Deformation And Destruction Of The Joints That Take Place In Chronic Gout Furnish A Picture With Which The Earliest Of Investiga Tors Were Only Too Familiar. The Ancient Writers Were Careful Observ Ers, And Many Of Their Descriptions Of The Macroscopic Appearance Produced By The Disease ...

Gout Treatment Hygienic And
Gout Treatment Hygienic And Prophylactic . Since Gout Is A Constitutional Disorder Of Nutrition That Is Either Inherited Or Acquired, And Since It Exists As A Diathesis In Which Are Manifested Intermittent Paroxysmal Attacks That May Finally Be Come Merged In The Phenomena Of Chronic Gout, It Follows That The ...

Gouty Affections Of The
Gouty Affections Of The Circulatory Apparatus. Cardiac Diseases Are Very Frequent Among Arthritic Subjects, But It Is Often Difficult To Decide Between Gout, Rheumatism, And Other Dis Eases As To The Part They Respectively Play In The Causation Of The Particular Cardiac Disorder That May Be In Question. In The ...

Heberden S Nodes Arthritis
Heberden' S Nodes - Arthritis Deformans. When Speaking Of The Differences In The Clinical Features Of The More Acute And Chronic Forms Of Arthritis Deformans I Pointed Out That In The More Chronic Cases, Such As Are Best Seen Among Aged Folk, There Is Much Less Swelling Around The Affected ...

Hepatic Changes Gout
Hepatic Changes - Gout The Effect Of Gout Upon The Liver Is Unquestionable, But The Nature Of The Connection Is Not Placed Beyond Dispute. Murchison And His Followers Have Gone So Far As To Place The Original Cause Of Gout In The Liver, While Others, On The Contrary, Seem Disposed ...

Heredity Gout
Heredity - Gout. Of All The Personal Influences That Favor The Incidence Of Gout, Heredity Is One Of The Most Important. All The Older Writers Insisted Upon This As A Most Potent Factor In The Evolution Of The Disease From Generation To Generation. It Is Noticeable, However, That Hereditary Antecedents ...

History Diabetes Mellitus
History - Diabetes Mellitus. But Few Words Need Be Said Here Concerning The History Of The Disease. Diabetes Was Apparently Known To The Oldest Medical Writers, For Unmistakable References To The Disease Are Found In The Writings Of Ancient Indian Physicians And Also In The Works Of The Roman Celsus ...

Irregular Gout Abarticulargout
Irregular Gout - Abarticular Gout. Much Discussion Has Arisen Over The Possibility Of Gouty Manifes Tations Affecting The Internal Viscera, Either In Alternation With Or As A Substitute For The Articular Localizations Of The Disease. With Characteristic Acuteness Of Observation The Older Physicians Insisted Upon The Possible Retrocession Of Articular ...

Joint Lesions Resembling Those
Joint Lesions Resembling Those Of Arthritis Deformans. This Is Not The Place In Which To Give Any Detailed Description Of The Various Forms Of Joint Lesions Which In Their Clinical Aspects And Morbid° Anatomy More Or Less Closely Resemble Arthritis Deformans, Although They Are Not Included Under That Name. On ...

Localized Arthritis Deformans
Localized Arthritis Deformans. The Localized Variety Of Arthritis Deformans Differs From The Mul Tiple In Several Remarkable Respects. In The First Place It Affects Men More Frequently Than Women; Sec Ondly, It Attacks The Large Joints Rather Than The Small, The Most Cen Tral Rather Than The Most Peripheral. It ...

Manifestations Of Gout In
Manifestations Of Gout In The Organs Of Special Sense. Disorders Of The Eye Are Not Infrequently Encountered In Gout Simi Lar To Those Seen In Rheumatism. Many Authors Have Failed To Dis Tinguish Clearly Between Them For The Reason That Their Symptoms Are Nearly Identical, Though Their Causes May Differ. ...

Manifestations Of The Gouty
Treatment Of The Obscure, Manifestations Of The Gouty Diathesis. We Have Seen That The Gouty Diathesis, Or, In Other Words, Attenu Ated Gout, Is Usually Manifested By A Considerable Number Of Disor Ders Involving The Different Organs Of The Body, Sometimes Long Before The Occurrence Of Articular Crises. These Disorders, ...

Medicinal Treatment Of Tee
Medicinal Treatment Of Tee Complications And The Final Stage - Obesity. There Is In Reality No Such Thing As A Medicinal Treatment Of Obesity. Only A Number Of Intercurrent Concomitant And Dependent Symptoms And Complications, As Well As Those Serious And Hopeless Conditions Which Usher In The Final Stage And ...

Mild Forms Of Glycosuria
Mild Forms Of Glycosuria. It Is Common To All The Mild Forms That The Withdrawal Of Carbo Hydrates From The Food Causes A Disappearance Of Sugar From The Urine. I Shall Consider Here, However, Only Those Cases Iu Which A Certain Amount Of Carbohydrates May Be Taken Without Causing Gly ...

Mineral Acids Goutmedicinal
Mineral Acids - Gout - Medicinal Treatment. The Action Of The Mineral Acids, In Disordered Conditions Depend Ent Upon The Arthritic Diathesis, Is Quite As Pronounced As That Of The Alkaline Salts. They Often Give Great Relief To Many Nervous Symp Toms That Arise Under Such Circumstances, But Their Mode ...

Mineral Waters Goutmedicinal
Mineral Waters - Gout - Medicinal Treatment. The Employment Of Mineral Waters In The Treatment Of Arthritic States Of The Body Is Very Extensively Practised. But It Is Often Difficult To Estimate The Exact Value Of This Method Because So Many Elements Enter Into The Result. When The Weary Man ...

Mode Of Life Gout
Mode Of Life - Gout The Effects Of Diet And Modes Of Life Are By Far More Potent Than The Influences Of Race And Climate In The Production Of Gout And Its Congeners. It Is True That Heredity Plays A Great Part In Determining The Incidence Of The Disease In ...

Moderately Severe Forms Of
Moderately Severe Forms Of Glycosuria. Under This Heading Are Classed The Cases In Which The Excretion Of Sugar Is Arrested Or Reduced To Small Amounts (from 10 To 20 Grams) Only By Total Abstinence From Carbohydrates, That Is To Say, In Which But An Insignificant Amount Of Carbohydrates Can Be ...

Morbid Anatomy Addisonsdisease
Morbid Anatomy - Addison's Disease And Other A Knowledge Of This Is, Of Course, Only Derived From Specimens Of Adrenal Bodies That Have Undergone Such Gross And Fully Developed Changes In The Disease As To Have Led To A Fatal Issue. Of The Earlier Changes In The Organs In Addison's ...

Morbid Anatomy Arthritisdeformans
Morbid Anatomy - Arthritis Deformans. Seeing That The Changes In The Articular Structures Which Result From Arthritis Deformans Have Been Carefully Studied By A Long Series Of Able Observers, Our Knowledge Of These Changes, At Any Rate In Their More Advanced Stages, Is Tolerably Complete. All The Tissues Which Enter ...

Multiple Arthritis Deformans Etiology
Multiple Arthritis Deformans Etiology. Such Statistics As I Shall Quote Are Based Upon A Series Of Five Hundred Cases Which I Extracted Some Years Ago From My Father's Case Books, And Which Were Analyzed In A Paper Published In The Transactions Of The Royal Medical And Ohirurgical Society In 1887." ...

Myocarditis Rheumatism
Myocarditis - Rheumatism. When Considering The Question Of The Action Of The Rheumatic Poison On The Various Structures Involved In Acute Rheumatism, We Saw Good Reason To Believe That The Voluntary Muscles Were Directly Affected By It, And That The Excess Of Lactic Acid Characteristic Of The Disease Was A ...

Obesity Diagnosis
Obesity - Diagnosis. The Diagnosis Of Obesity In General Is Not A Subject Of Any Great Difficulty. The Form Of The Body And The Habitus Of The Patient Allow Of No Doubt Concerning The Kind Of Nutrition Disturbance In Question. The Matter Is Different When We Have To Distinguish More ...

Obesity Distribution Ofmeals
Obesity - Distribution Of Meals. Solid Food.—in Settling Upon A Given Diet We Have To Divide The Solid Food, Without Exception, Into Small Meals Or Portions. The Power Of The Heart's Action And Changes In The Circulation Connected With This Power Are The Factors Which Determine The Manner In Which ...

Obesity Distribution Ofwork
Obesity - Distribution Of Work. The Work Is Distributed According To The Force Of The Heart, The State Of Nutrition And Strength Of The Patient, The Character Of The Affection, Whether Of The Anemic, Plethoric, Or Hydrcemic Form, And The Complications. 1. If The Force Of The Heart Is Sufficient ...

Obesity Endemic Conditions
Obesity - Endemic Conditions. The Influences Leading To A Marked Obesity And A Disposition To Corpulence Under Various Climatic And Endemic Conditions, Customs, And Habits, Are Always Those Whose Effect And Modes Operandi Have Been Explained Above. Under The Hot Sun Of Southern Climates The Combustion Of Fat Is Most ...

Obesity Etiology
Obesity - Etiology. The Main Constituents Of The Human Body By Whose Deposition And Transformation It Is Built Up And Maintained Are, Aside From In Organic Salts And Ingredients Of The Ash, Albumin, Fat, And Water. Of These Three Constituents Albumin And Water Are Present In The Normal Organism In ...

Obesity Faults Ofnutrition
Obesity - Faults Of Nutrition. The Following Section Of The Etiology Is The Most Important In The Disease Now Under Consideration. Not Only Do The Preceding Etio Logical Factors Materially Depend Upon The Influence Of A Faulty Nutri Tion, But The Latter By Itself Is Capable Of Causing An Overproduction ...

Obesity Further Courseof
Obesity - Further Course Of The Disease; Complications And Termination. Even At A More Advanced Stage Of The Disease Obesity May Persist For Years Almost Unchanged, Differing Individually By The Preponder Ance Of One Or Another Symptom. The Patients May Perhaps Reach A Great Age And Death Result From An ...

Obesity History
Obesity - History. The Possibility Of The Occurrence Of The Disease Known As Obesity Or Corpulence, And Which Is Due To Errors Of Nutrition Such As The In Gestion Of Unsuitable Or Excessive Amounts Of Food, Was Undoubtedly Present In The Earliest Period Of Development Of The Human Race, At ...

Obesity Mechanical Treatmenthealth
Obesity - Mechanical Treatment Health Resorts. The Mechanical Part Of The Treatment Is Just As Important As The Dietetic, In So Far As It Has To Do Not Only With Extensive Decomposi Tion Of Fat Accumulated In The Body, But Also With The Preservation And Increase In The General Amount ...

Obesity Muscular Exerciseof
Obesity - Muscular Exercise Of Other Kinds. Muscular Work Without The Advantage Of Adapting It Rigorously To Each Particular Case, May Of Course Be Prescribed In Various Other Ways, But All Methods Aiming At This Are Inferior To Walking And Climbing At Special Health Resorts (terrain Curorte). They Are Most ...

Obesity Pathological Anatomyand
Obesity - Pathological Anatomy And Pathology. Obesity May Persist In The Various Phases Of Its Development For A Pretty Long Time, With Slight Changes In Its Symptom Complex, Until The Gradual Dissolution Of The Organism; Or Else, In Less Frequent Cases, It Leads To An Early Fatal Termination, Under A ...