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Twentieth Century Practice: An International Encyclopedia of Modern Medical Science by Leading Authorities of Europe and America, Volume 2: Nutritive Disorders" by Thomas Lathrop Stedman (1895)

Symptoms Of Acute Gout
Symptoms Of Acute Gout. The Onset Of An Attack Occurs In No Uniform Fashion. Sometimes It Comes On Suddenly, In The Midst Of Perfect Health, And The Patient Is Waked In The Middle Of The Night By A Terrific Pain In The Foot. Sometimes, After The Occurrence Of Various Premonitory ...

Symptoms Of Chronic Gout
Symptoms Of Chronic Gout. The Progressively Invasive Character Of Gout Has Been Already Indicated. In Typical Cases Of The Uncomplicated Disease, Its Onset Is Experienced During The Early Years Of The Fourth Decade Of Life. Either With Or Without Characteristic Prodromes, It Breaks Out Suddenly With A Violent Nocturnal Paroxysm ...

Syphilis
Syphilis. A Few Words Must Be Said Concerning The Relation Of Syphilis To Diabetes. It Cannot Be Denied That Evidences Of Syphilis Have Been Found, Either During Life Or Post Mortem, In Very Many Cases Of Diabetes, A Fact That, In View Of The Wide Dissemination Of Syphilis, Need Excite ...

Syphilitic Myositis
Syphilitic Myositis. Syphilis May Produce Lesions Of A Peculiar Kind In Muscular Tis Sue. These Were For A Long Time Unrecognized, But Their Occurrence Is Now Admitted By All Writers On The Subject. The Works Of Ricord, Notta, Lagneau, Gosselin, Maurice, And Recently Prost (these De Paris, 1891) Have Shown ...

The Action Of The
The Action Of The Salicyl Compounds In The Heart Complications Of Rheumatism. In Its General Pathology, Rheumatism Of The Heart Is Identical With Rheumatism Of The Joints. The Poison Is The Same ; The Textures Which Chiefly Suffer Are The Same; And There Is No Difference In The Mode In ...

The Carbohydrates Of Food
The Carbohydrates Of Food And Their Absorption - Physiology And General Pathology Of Sugar Excretion. In Order To Gain A Clear Idea Of The Ultimate Fate Of The Carbohy Drates In The Body We Shall Do Well To Begin With Those Of The Food. Starch.—the Most Important Alimentary Carbohydrate Is ...

The Duration Of Rheumatism
The Duration Of Rheumatism. Next To Pain And The Heart Complications- One Of The Most Notice Able Features Of Rheumatism Is Its Prolonged Duration When Not Influ Enced By Treatment. That The Chronic Form Should Be Thus Charac Terized Is No More Than One Would Expect In An Ailment To ...

The Formation Of Glycogen
The Formation Of Glycogen From Carbohydrates. What Now Further Happens With The Carbohydrates? The Work Of Claude Bernard Furnishes An Answer To This Question. His In Vestigations Have Been Frequently Repeated And In The Main Confirmed. We Are Indebted To E. And C. Von Volt, However, For Some Amplifications Of ...

The Heart Complications Of
The Heart Complications Of Rheumatism. The Cardiac Apparatus Is Made Up Of The Following Structures 1. The Hollow Muscular Substance Of The Heart, Which By Its Con Traction Initiates The Movement Of The Blood. 2. Rings Of White Fibrous Tissue Which Surround And Form The Basis Of The Arterial And ...

The Hepatogenous Forms Of
The Hepatogenous Forms Of Glycosuria. Long Before Any Serious Study Of Transitory Alimentary Glycosuria, In Healthy Individuals Was Undertaken, Attention Was Directed To The Question Whether Certain Diseases Might Not Depress The Assimilation Limits For Sugar. The Following Points Enter Into Consideration Here : We Know That Healthy Individuals Do ...

The Hereditary Consequences Of
The Hereditary Consequences Of Gout. Very Little Accurate Knowledge Has Been Acquired Regarding The Remote Consequences Of Gout That Are Manifested Along The Family Line Of Descent. We Have Seen That The Disease Itself Often Reappears In One Generation After Another ; And Its Immediately Related Diseases Exhibit The Same ...

The Influence Of Gout
The Influence Of Gout Upon The Genito - Urinary Organs. The Gouty Kidney Has Been Already Described, But It Is Impossible To Insist Too Frequently Upon The Insidious Manner In Which An Inter Stitial Nephritis May Be Established Under The Influence Of An Exces Sive Circulation Of Urates Through The ...

The Lactic Acidtheory
The Lactic - Acid Theory - Theories Of Rheumatism. Blood Poisons May Be Divided Into Two Classes : (a) Those Which Are Produced Within The System; And (b) Those Which Enter It From Without. The Rheumatic Poison Is Generally Regarded As Belonging To The Former—as Being Some Product Of Mal-assimilation, ...

The Miasmatic Theory Of
The Miasmatic Theory Of Rheumatism. In Rejecting The Neurotic Theory Of Rheumatism We Reject The View That The Disease Is Due To Disturbance Originating Independently Of A Special Poison. Iu Rejecting The Lactic-acid Theory We Reject The View That The Rheumatic Poison Is Generated Within The System. The Only Alternative ...

The Mode Of Action
The Mode Of Action Of Malaria. Malarial Poisons Being Organisms Their Morbifie Action Is Likely To Bear A Relation To Their Reproduction And Organic Growth. The Phenomena Of The Maladies Which They Cause Are Indeed Such As Can Scarcely Be Explained On Any Other View. A Short Residence, Even One ...

The Morbid Affinities Of
The Morbid Affinities Of Gout. In This Lengthy Enumeration Of Disorders And Symptoms That Are Directly Or Indirectly Connected With The Manifestation Of Articular Gout, It Is Often Difficult To Decide Whether A Particular Malady Is Directly Caused By The Arthritic Constitution Of The Patient, Or Is Merely An Accidental ...

The Nature Of
The Nature Of " I Have No Hesitation," Says Niemeyer, " In Saying Decidedly That Marsh Miasm—malaria—must Consist Of Low Vegetable Organisms." Though When Niemeyer Wrote These Words Our Knowledge Scarcely Warranted So Decided A Statement, The Evidence Which Has Accumu Lated Since Then Quite Justifies It Now. Lanzi And ...

The Nature Of Rheumatism
The Nature Of Rheumatism. The Nature Of The Change Which Takes Place As The Result Of The Action Of The Rheumatic Poison Has Been The Matter Of Some Difference Of Opinion. The One Point On Which All Are Agreed Is That It Is Inflam Matory. The Point On Which Opinions ...

The Nervous Symptoms Of
The Nervous Symptoms Of Carditis. To The Occurrence Of Head Symptoms In Connection With Inflam Mation Of The Heart And Its Membranes, Attention Has Already Been Directed; And Two Cases Have Been Given In Which All The Symptoins During Life Pointed To Inflammatory Mischief Within The Cranium, But In Which ...

The Nervous System Gout
The Nervous System - Gout The Influence Of Gout Upon The Nervous System Is Beyond Ques Tion, Yet There Is No Department Of Pathology That Presents A Greater Number Of Difficult Problems Than That Dealing With The Nervous Phe Nomena Associated With Gout. So Many And So Various Are The ...

The Neurotic Theory Of
The Neurotic Theory Of Rheumatism. One Of The Most Prominent And Popular Of Modern Physiological Doctrines Is That Which Teaches That Every Physiological Act And Every Normal Function Is Carried On Under The Controlling Influence Of The Nervous Centres. A Doctrine At Once So Simple And So Far-reaching Could Not ...

The Relation Of Rheumatism
The Relation Of Rheumatism And Chorea. Of The Existence Of Some Relation Between Rheumatism And Chore.a There Can Be No Doubt. The Observations Of Bright, Begbie, Hughes, Burton, Brown, See, Roger, And Others, Have Placed This Beyond Question. Chorea Is Essentially A Disease Of The Nervous System. Its Charac Teristic ...

The Relations Between Gout
The Relations Between Gout And Other Intercurrent Diseases. Numerous Authors Have Remarked That Certain Diseases Are Attended By Great Mortality When They Occur In. Gouty Patients. Thus Mur Chison Has Affirmed That Typhus Fever In A Gouty Subject Is Inevitably Fatal. Schmidtmann Utters The Same Opinion Regarding Low Forms Of ...

The Respiratory Organs
The Respiratory Organs. The Influence Of Gout Upon The Respiratory Apparatus Is Not Always Clear. The Laryngeal Cartilages And Ligaments Are Occasionally In Vaded By A Deposit Of Orates, But It Is Very Seldom That Any Of The Spasmodic Or Suffocative Phenomena Of Ordinary Laryngitis Or Of The Glottis Are ...

The Seat Of Rheumatism
The Seat Of Rheumatism. Though Some Difference Of Opinion Is Found Among Old Authors As To The Exact Seat Of Rheumatism—latham, For Instance, Regarding The Lymphatics, And Carmichael Smyth The Muscles, As Being Specially Involved—the Malady Is Nowadays Generally Believed To Have Its Seat Chiefly In The Fibrous And Serous ...

The Urine In Gout
The Urine In Gout. Much Confusion Exists In The Writings Of The Earlier Authors Re Garding The Condition Of The Urine In Gout, Owing To Faulty Methods Of Analysis, And To The Variable Quantity And Quality Of The Urine Itself In The Different Stages Of The Disease. In Order To ...

The Various Degrees Of
The Various Degrees Of Glycosuria And Their Oscillations. The Question That Has Always To Be Determined In Judging Of A Given Case Is : To What Extent Is The Individual Able To Consume Carbo Hydrates In His Body? We Have Seen That The Healthy Man Is Fully Prepared To Deal ...

Theory Of An Under
Theory Of An Under - Consumption Of Sugar. I Forego A Criticism Here Of The Other Arguments Advanced Iu Sup Port Of The Theory Of Over-production, For They Are All Of Them Vulner Able ; They Are, If I May Be Allowed The Expression, " Sentimental Argu Ments" (gefiih•sgriinde). We ...

Theory Of An Over
Theory Of An Over - Production Of Sugar. Taking The Term " Over-production" In A Rather Comprehensive Sense, It Is Unquestionable That It Enters Into Consideration In All Acute Forms Of Glycosuria Following Upon An Over-ingestion Of Carbo Hydrates. This Follows Immediately From The Description Of Alimen Tary Glycosuria And ...

Third Group Conditionally Allowable
Third Group Conditionally Allowable Foods - Diabetes The Condition Under Which Dishes From The Following Table Are Permitted Is That An Equivalent Shall Be Deducted From The Allowance Of Bread. The Amounts Given Below Are The Equivalents Of 50 Grams Of White Bread, Containing About 30 Grams Of Starch. Advantage ...

Thomsens Disease
Thomsen's Disease. This Affection, Which Was Very Clearly Described For The First Time By Thomsen, A Physician Who Was Himself A Victim, Belongs To The Class Of Primary Diseases Of The Muscular System. Thomsen De Scribed It As A Tonic Spasm Of The Voluntary Muscles Consequent Upon An Hereditary Psychic ...

Treatment Addisons Diseaseand
Treatment - Addison's Disease And Other It Has To Be Confessed That With Increase Iu Our Knowl Edge Both Of The Nature And Symptoms Of This Malady No Coitespond Ing Improvement Has Been Made In Respect Of Its Treatment. Having Regard To The Lowered Vitality And Impaired Health Which Form ...

Treatment Arthritis Deformans
Treatment - Arthritis Deformans. In Advanced And In Very Chronic Cases Of Arthritis Deformans It Is Usually Impossible To Bring About Apy Material Amendment In The Pa Tient's Condition, And Our Treatment Must Be Chiefly Directed To The Palliation Of His Sufferings. This Is, However, By No Means The Case ...

Treatment Of Acute Gout
Treatment Of Acute Gout. Having Thus Passed In Review The Most Important Of The Elements In The Treatment Of Gout—important Because They Relate To The Daily Life And Habits Of The Arthritic Subject—it Remains To Consider The Measures That Are Necessary In The Management Of The Acute Crises Which Constitute ...

Treatment Of Complications Diabetes
Treatment Of Complications. - Diabetes 1. General Rules.—the Complications Are In General To Be Treated According To The Indications Which They Themselves Offer; This Is Especially True As Regards Surgical Intervention. Still It Is To Be Re Membered That Many Complications Resulting From The Poor Nutritive Conditions Are Most Successfully ...

Treatment Of Lipogenous Diabetes
Treatment Of Lipogenous Diabetes Mellitus. The Chief Principle In The Treatment Of Diabetes Is To Protect The Patient Against The Loss Of Albumin. If He Has Not As Yet Been Re Duced In Fat, I.e., If The Glycosuria Has Been Discovered Early Enough, The Preservation Of The Proportion Is Easier ...

Treatment Of Rheumatism
Treatment Of Rheumatism. If The Pathology Of Rheumatism Has Been Unsatisfactory, Its Treat Ment Has Been Not Less So. There Is Probably No Disease In Which So Many Different Modes Of Treatment Have Been Had Recourse To. There Is None In Which Medicinal Treatment Has Until Within Recent Times More ...

Tubercular Myositis
Tubercular Myositis. Passing Over The Loss Of Muscular Tissue Which Takes Place In Tuberculous Subjects In Proportion As The Disease Progresses, A Loss The Study Of Which Belongs More Properly To The Section Of Trophic Disturbances, We May Consider For A Moment The Inflammatory Pro Cesses Of Which I Believe ...

Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis. This Is Without Doubt The Most Frequent And Important Of All The Diseases Affecting The Adrenal Bodies. We Have Here To Deal With That Special Affinity Which Has So Long Been Surmised To Exit Between Addison's Disease And The Scrofulous Diathesis Or Habit Of Body. No Morbid Condition Of ...

Visceral Gout Affecting The
Visceral Gout Affecting The Digestive Organs. Among The Subjects Of The Arthritic Diathesis It Is A Common Thing To Meet With Disorders Of The Alimentary Canal And Its Appendages ; And It Is Not Always Easy To Distinguish Between Gouty Affections Of The Digestive Apparatus And Accidental Maladies That Have ...

Visceral Lesions Of Gout
Visceral Lesions Of Gout. The Most Important Of These Are The Changes That Are Produced In The Kidneys, Of Which The Granular Or Gouty Kidney Furnishes The Type. Usually Surrounded With Masses Of Fat That Are Adherent To Its Cap Silk, The Kidney Is Reduced In Size, And Its Capsule ...