RUSSELL MAGAZINE GUN.
This arm contains many features of novelty. The breech-closing, bolt operate: by a handle preferably at the side of the arm as in other bolt guns, but instead oi a partial rotation of the bolt in locking and unlocking, the force applied to tht handle is at all times in a direction nearly parallel with the bore of the barrel. Tin locking is effected by a cross-shaft in the bolt a little long,er than the diameter oi the bolt. having- cam-shaped ends which extend into seats in the receiver. II opening- the breech these cam projections are turned by the first movement of th, handle, which is a pivotal movement, until the bolt is unlocked. when a furthei backward movement of the handle gives a powerful cant action to start the cart.
ridge, and at the same time slig-htly starts the firing-pin backward. The final clos ing movement has the same powerful action to seat the cartridge in its chamber. The magazine feeds the cartridge sidewise, either up through the bottom of the receiver, as in the Lee gun, or at the side of the receiver, and in the latter case a swinging pusher forces the upper one of the column of cartridges sidewise into the receiver in front of the bolt.
This magazine arm embodies the joint inventions of Major W. R. Livermore and Captain A. H. Russell, United States Army, in improvements in magazines and breech movements. The barrel and breech-bolt are the same as on the Lee Speed, and the arm is adapted to that cartridge. The receiver in all essential features is also the same. The pin has a cut-off identical with that of the Lee Speed and uses the tuissell metallic feed case. This case is constructed of a sin gle piece of bent sheet metal, which will contain just enough cartridges to fill the magazine of this gun, from which the magazine can be recharged as rapidly as a single cartridge could be placed in the receiver. These feed cases are little if any more costly that paper boxes, and are to be thrown away when empty.