CASTIANIRA, ens' -tr-ii-nr-ra, a Thracian, mistress of Priam and mother of Gorgythion. CASTOR, eas'-tor, and POLLUX, thin sons of Jupiter by Leda (wife of King Tyndarus of Sparta), to whom the god had appeared in the form of a swan. Leda brought forth two eggs, from one of which came Pollux and Helena, and from the other Castor and Clytemnestra ; Helena and Clytemnestra being regarded as the children of Tyndarus. Castor and Pollux were educated at Pallend, and, when grown up, went with the Argonauts, when both behaved with great courage. Pollux slew Amycus in the combat of the cestus, and was afterwards held the god of boxing and wrestling : and Castor distinguished himself in the management of horses. The twins swept the Hellespont and adjacent seas of pirates ; whence they were regarded as the patrons of navigation. In the Argonautic expedition, in a storm, two flames of fire were seen to play around the heads of the sons of Leda, and the storm at once ceased : these flames, common in storms, were afterwards known as Castor and Pollux ; if both appeared, it was, a sign of fair weather ; if one only, of foul. Castor and Pollux warred with Theseus to recover Helena ; were initiated in the mys teries of the Cabiri and Eleusi.s ; and carried off Phcebe and Talaira, the daughters of Leu cippus, brother of Tyndarus, when they were invited to their marriage with I.ynceus and
ldas. In the struggle Castor killed Lynceus, but was killed by Idas: Pollux prayed Jupiter to deprive him of immortality or restore Castor, and Jupiter permitted the immortality to be shared between them ; so that when one was on earth, the other was in the world below. Thereafter the twins were placed in heaven as the Gem'ini constellations, one of which rises when the other sets, and they received divine honours as the Dioseflri, sons of Jupiter ; they were also called An'Aces. The ancients used to swear by them, "E'rte,toland ./E ens' tor; white lambs were offered them in sacrifice. Castor and Pollux were believed to have ap peared at various times in battles, and to have fought among the soldiers. They were gene rally represented mounted on two white horses armed with spears, riding side by side and with a star on the top of their helmet. a. A friend of ./Eneas. 3. An orator of Rhodes, wrote on Babylon and the Nile. 4. A gladiator. CASTRA ALEXANDRI, cad -tra dl-e-r-an' dri. 1. A place of Egypt, about Pelnsium. a. CORNELIA, a coast town of Africa, between Carthage and Utica. 3. HANNIDALTS, ham-W-111-u, a town of the &mail. 4. CTRL, c.,f/-ri, a district of Cilicia. 5. JuLtA, a town of Spain.