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Bible Encyclopedia and Spiritual Dictionary, Volume 3

Baptismal Regeneration
Regeneration, Baptismal. We Give Two Articles On This Subject From Emi Nent Exponents Of Somewhat Varying Views In The Protestant Episcopal And Reformed Episcopal Churches. The Rev. J. Francis Hall, D. D., In Structor Of Dogmatic Theology In The Western Seminary Of Chicago, Presents The Subject As Fol Lows : ...

Blue Purple
Purple, Blue, Crimson, Scarlet (pur'pyl, Skartet). 1. Purple. (heb. Ar-gaw-mawn Occurs In Exod. Xxv:4; Xxvi:1, 31, 36; Xxvii:16; Xxviii:5, 6, 8, 15, 33; Xxxv:6, 23, 25, 35; Xxxvi:8, 35, 37; Xxxviii: 18, 23; Xxxix:1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 24, 29; Num. Iv:13; Judg. Viii:26; 2 Chron. Li:7, 14; Ill:14; Esth, ...

Book Of Revelation
Revelation, Book Of The Following Topics In Relation To This Book Demand Examination : The Person By Whom It Was Written; Its Ca Nonical Authority, Genuineness, And Authenticity; The Time And Place At Which It Was Written ; Its Unity ; The Class Of Writings To Which It Belongs ; ...

Book Of Ruth
Ruth, Book Of. The Book Of Ruth Is In Serted In The Canon, According To The English Arrangement, Between The Book Of Judges And The Books Of Samuel, As A Sequel To The Former And An Introduction To The Latter. Among The Ancient Jews It Was Added To The Book ...

Book Of Zechariah
Zechariah, Book Of. The Book Of Zechariah Consists Of Four General Divisions: (1) Introduction. The Introduction Or Inau Gural Discourse (ch. 1:1-6). (2) A Series Of Nine Visions, Extending On Wards To Ch. Vii, Communicated To The Prophet In The Third Month After His Installation. These Vis Ions Were: I. ...

Books Of Sanuel
Sanuel, Books Of (sarn'u-el, Books Ov). The Two Books Of Samuel Were Anciently Reck Oned As But One Among The Jews. That They Form Only One Treatise Is Apparent From Their Structure. (1) Contents. The Contents Of The Books Of Samuel Belong To An Interesting Period Of Jewish History. The ...

Brazen Sea
Sea, Brazen (se, Bra' Z'n), (i Kings Vii:23-44; Jer. Iii:17), Molten (2 Kings X Xv :13; 2 Chron. Iv:2), The Great Laver In Solomon's Temple. (see Sea, Molten.) Seah (se'a), (heb. Seh-aso% Measure), A Hebrew Measure, Containing About Two Gallons And A Half, Liquid Measure; Or About A Peck And ...

Changes Of Raiment
Raiment, Changes Of. Costly Garments Of Various Substances And Colors. Inwrought And Embroidered With Gold Threads (ezek. Xvi :10, 13; Eccles. Ix :8) Were Frequently Made By Hebrew Women (prov. Xxxi :22), And Also Imported (zeph. I :8). Men Of High Station Had Always A Large Supply Of These For ...

Christian Science
Christian Science. Christian Science Is The Definitive Name Of The Religious Organization And Movement Which Represents The Life-work And Teaching Of Mary Baker G. Eddy. Respecting Her Discernment Of Christian Science And The Use Of This Term, She Says : "in The Year 1866, I Discovered The Christ Science Or ...

Code Of Hammurabi
Hammurabi, Code Of. In The Winter Of 1901-1902 An Expedition Which Was Sent Out By The French Government Under The Leadership Of M. De Morgan As Director General, Made A Remarkable Discovery On The Acropolis Of Susa, The Ancient Persepolis, Which Was Once The Capital Of An Independent Elamite Monarchy. ...

Confusion Of Tongues
Tongues, Confusion Of (tongs, Con-fre Zhiln 6v). The Part Of The Primeval History Which Relates This Fact, So Remarkable And Influential Upon The Subsequent Fortunes Of Mankind, Is Contained In Gen. Xi :t-to. This Narrative Which Is Given In The Style Best Adapted To The Comprehension Of Mankind In The ...

Deutero Canonical
Deutero-canonical.) Those Who Do Not Con Sider Purim To Be The Feast Referred. To In John V:i, Are Divided Between The Passover, The Feast Of Dedication, And That Of Pentecost ; Hengsten Berg, With The Majority Of Commentators, Supports The Last. Dicke Concludes His Able Dissertation By Observing That All ...

Divisions Of Time
Time, Divisions Of. The Following Are Mentioned In (1) Year. (heb. Shaw-naw', As A Revo Lution Of Time), So Called From The Change Of The Seasons. The Year Of The Hebrews Consisted Of Twelve Months (1 Kings Iv :7; I Chron.xxvii :1-15). These Appear To Have Been Lunar (see Month), ...

Education School
School, Education (skt7)1, Ed'n-ka'shiln), (gr. Exoxt Skhol-ay', Acts Xix:9), A Place Where There Is Leisure, A Place Of Tuition. Before The Exile, The Jews, Like The Ancient Romans, Seem To Have Had No Notion Whatever Of Public And National Schools, Since The Sphere Of Our Present Elementary Knowledge, Reading And ...

End Of The World
World, End Of The (gr. Avvr(xela Alvo5v, Soon-ter I-ah Ah-ee-nohn'). The End Of The World Is Referred To Several Times By Our Lord, As Recorded In Matt. Xiii:39, 40, 49 ; Xxiv:3; Xxxiii:2o. The Meaning Of The Words So Trans Lated Is More Or Less Obscure. By Many It Is ...

Entire Sanctification
Sanctification, Entire. Is It The Priv Ilege Of Believers To Be Wholly Sanctified In This Life? The Doctrine Of The Roman Catholic Church Is That Baptism, Rightly Administered, Washes Away Not Only Guilt, But Also Depravity Of Every Kind ; And Thus, In Its Own Peculiar Way, That Church Answers ...

Epistle To 1 Titus
Titus, Epistle To. (1) Genuineness. The Genuineness Of This Epistle Is Attested By A Large Body Of Evidence, And Seems Never To Have Been Questioned, Except By The Heretic Marcion, And That Upon The Most Frivolous Grounds (tertullian, Adv. Marcial. V, 21), Until, In Recent Times, It Was Attacked By ...

Epistles To Timothy
Timothy, Epistles To. The Common Authorship Of These Two Epistles Has Seldom Been Denied; Nor, If Denied, Could The Denial Be Successfully Maintained, So Marked And So Numerous Are The Points Of Resemblance Be Tween The Two, Except Upon The Assumption That The One Has Been Made Up From The ...

Epistles To The I
Thessalonians, Epistles To The. I. First Epistle. The Authenticity And Ca Nonical Authority Of This Epistle Have Been From The Earliest Ages Admitted ; Nor Have These Points Ever Been Called In Question, Either In Ancient Or Modern Times, By Those Who Have Received Any Of Paul's Epistles. This Epistle ...

Eri Eaku Tudkhitla
Tudkhitla, Eri-eaku, And Lakh (?) Gumal. Having Been Requested To Write Briefly About The Above Names, Which So Closely Resemble The Tidal, Arioch, And Chedorlaomer Of Gen. Xiv (notwithstanding A Certain Amount Of Doubt In The Reading Of One Character Of The Last Of The Three), I Give Here A ...

Family John The Baptist
Family; John The Baptist.) Salt (salt), (heb. Nzeh'iakh), Was Pro Cured By The Hebrews From Two Sources; First, From Rock-salt, Obtained From Hills Of Salt Which Lie About The Southern Extremity Of The Dead Sea ; And Secondly, From The Waters Of That Sea, Which, Overflowing The Banks Yearly, And ...

Feast Of Tabernacles
Tabernacles, Feast Of Fest 6v),(heb. Khan Has-soo-johth', Feast Of Tents), One Of The Three Great Festivals Of The Jews, Being That Of The Closing Year, As The Pass Over Was Of The Spring. In Lev. Xxiii:34-43 In Direc Tions For Observing The Feast Are Given N Very Clear Terms. (1) ...

Geography Of The Exodus
Exodus, Geography Of The.) A Belief Prevailed That There Was No Spot In The Sinaitic District On Which The People Of Israel Might Assemble. Dr. Robinson Has Shown That This Opinion Is Incorrect, And That In All Probabil Ity The Plain Er Rihah, Over Which Mount Horeb Impends, Is The ...

Gezer 1
Gezer. (1) Name. This Canaanitish City (p. 703) Is Called Gob In 2 Sam. Xxi :18, While The Sep Tuagint And Syriac Versions Read Gath. The Philistines Appear To Have Been Emigrants From Egypt, But They May Have Belonged To The Old Half Semitic And Half Mongol Race Of The ...

Hammurabi
H.a.mmurabi. Hammurabi Or Khammurabi. This Name Has Long Been Known To Scholars. As Early As 1861 Rawlinson Published Three Of The Inscrip Tions Of Hammurabi In Vol. I. Of "cuneiform Inscriptions Of Western Asia." Since That Time The Information In Relation To Him Has Been Gradually Accumulating, Until We Have ...

Hebrew Poetry
Poetry, Hebrew (po-et-r5i, He'bru), The Poetry Which Is Found In The Bible, Rich And Multi Farious As It Is, Appears To Be Only A Remnant Of A Still Wider And Fuller Sphere Of Semitic Literature. The New Testament Is Intended To Be Com Prised In Our Definition, For, Besides Scattered ...

Hebrew Priesthood Priest
Priest, Hebrew Priesthood (prest, Bebra Prest'bolid), (heb, Ko'hane', Priest:sept. Lepe6s, Hee-eh-rooce' V Ul. Sacerdos). The English Word Is Generally Derived From The New Testament Term Presbyter (elder), The Mean Ing Of Which, Is, However, Essentially Different From That Which Was Intended By The Ancient Terms. It Would Come Nearer, If ...

Holy Spirit
Spirit, Holy. The Term Spirit Is Applied To The Deity, As The Sole, Absolute, And Uncreated Spirit. 'god Is A Spirit.' This, As A Predicate, Belongs To The Divine Nature, Irrespective Of The Distinction Of Persons In That Nature. But Its Characteristic Application Is To The Third Person In The ...

Human Sacrifice
Sacrifice, Human (sak'ri-fiz, Hu'inan). The Offering Of Human Life, As The Most Precious Thing On Earth, Came In Process Of Time To Be Practiced In Most Countries Of The World. All Histories And Traditions Darken Our Idea Of The Earlier Ages With Human Sacrifices. But The Pe Riod When Such ...

I Measures Of Weight
I. Measures Of Weight. Gold And Sil Ver Were Used By The Hebrews As Standards Of Value Which Were Indicated By Weights. The Jew Ish Rabbis Estimated Weights According To The Number Of Grains Of Barley, Taken From The Mid Dle Of The Ear, To Which They Were Equivalent. The ...

Ii Measures Of Value
Ii. Measures Of Value. Commerce, In Its Most Primitive State, Is A Mere Bartering, One Kind Of Goods Being Exchanged For Another. The Next Stage In Commercial Development Is The In Vention Of A Common Means Of Exchange, The Es Tablishment Of The Precious Metals—gold And Sil Ver—as Standards Of ...

Iii Measures Of Length
Iii. Measures Of Length. The He Brews, Like All Other Ancient Nations, Took The Standard Of Their Measures Of Length From The Human Body. They Made Use, However, Only Of The Finger, The Hand. And The Arm. Not Of The Foot. (1) Finger Or Digit Cts-bah'). The Smallest Measure Among ...

Iizzah
Iizzah (tiz'zah), ( Heb. Ooz-zaw' , Strength). 1. A Son Of Abinadab, A Levite, Who, With His Brother Ahio, Conducted The New Cart On Which The Ark Was Taken From Kirjath-jearim To Jeru Saler (1) His Sin. When The Procession Reached The Threshing-floor Of Nachon, The Oxen Drawing The Cart ...

Iphera
Iphera Li, Which See: Sept. An Officer Of Pharaoh, Probably The Chief Of His Body Guard (gen. Xxxix:i). Of The Midianitish Merchants He Purchased Jo Seph, Whose Treatment By Him Is Described Else Where. (see Joseph.) L'he Keeper Of The Prison Into Which The Son Of Jacob Was Eventually Cast ...

Iv Measures Of Capacity
Iv. Measures Of Capacity. These In Cluded Liquid And Dry Measures. In Some Cases They Were Used Both Ways. 1. Liquid Measures. (1) Log (heb. Lohg, Hollow, Lev. Xiv :to, Etc.), Originally Signi Fied A Basin. The Rabbins Reckoned It Equal To Six Hen's Eggs, Their Contents Being Measured By ...

Monuments
Monuments.) Sargon's Own Account Of The Great Victory Which He Won Over The Samaritans Is As Follows: (1) "in The Beginning Of My Reign, The City Of Samaria I Besieged, I Captured; And I Carried Away 27,28o Of Its Inhabitants; Fifty Chariots In The Midst Of Them I Collected, And ...

Or Lords Day
Or Lord's Day.) In Answer To This It Is Urged That The Transfer Or Change Was Made Under The Authority Of The Apostles. It Is, Indeed, Allowed That There Is No Express Command To That Effect: But As It Was Done In The Apostolic Age (which, However, The Other Side ...

Passage Of Red Sea
Red Sea, Passage Of (red Se, 1:4s'saj Ov). The Grand Event Associated With The Red Sea Is The Passage Of The Israelites And The Overthrow Of The Egyptians (exod. Xiv :15). This Miracu Lous Event Is Frequently Referred To In The Scrip Tures (num. Xxxiii :8; Deut. Xi :4 ; ...

Physician Physic
Physic, Physician (fiz-ik, Fi-zish'an),(heb. Raw-faw' , To Heal, Repair). There Can Be No Question That The Israelites Brought Some Knowledge Of Medicine With Them From Egypt, Whose Physicians Were Celebrated In All Antiquity. To The State Of Medical Knowledge In That Country There Are Indeed Some Allusions In Scripture, As ...

Pillar
Pillar (pfl'ler), (het). Mats-tsay-baw', "pillar"), Is More Frequently Translated "image" Or "statue" (deut. Vii:5; Xii: 3; Xvi:22; Lev. Xxvil, Etc.). It Denotes In General A Column Or Supporter. A Pillar Of Cloud, A Pillar Of Fire, A Pillar Of Smoke, Signify A Cloud, A Fire, A Smoke, Which, Rising Up ...

Pisgah
Pisgah (piz' Gab), (heb. A Cleft), A Mountain Ridge In The Land Of Moab, On The Southern Border Of The Kingdom Of Sihon (num. Xxi:2o; Xxiii:14; Deut. Iii:27; Josh. Xii:3). In It Was Mount Nebo, From Which Moses Viewed The Promised Land Before He Died (deut. Xxxiv:1). Some Scholars Have ...

Pithom
Pithom (pi'thom), (heb. Nar Row Pass), One Of The 'treasure-cities' Which The Is Raelites Built In The Land Of Goshen For Pharaoh' (exod. :1 ). (see Egypt ; Gostien). The Excavations Made By Naville, Under The Auspices Of The Egyptian Exploration Fund, Showed That Tell El-maskhuta Was The Ancient Pithom. ...

Place
Place (plas), (heb. Yawd, Hand Or Monu Ment). Among Its Meanings Arc: 1. A Space Or Room Where One Is (gen. X1:3). 2. A City Or Dwelling (gen. Xviii :26, 33) 3. A State Or Condition (eccl. X:4). 4. An Employment (gen. X1:13). 5. A Text Of Scripture (acts Viii ...

Plague
Plague (plag). Several Hebrew And Greek Words Are Rendered Plague In The Bible. 1. Neh'ghef (heb. A Stumbling). And So A Divine Infliction, Mostly Of A Fatal Disease (exod. Xii:13; Xxx:12; Num Viii:19; Xvii:11, 12). 2. Deh'ber (heb. Destruction), Is Rendered "plague" Only In Hos. Xiii:14, In The Passage, "0 ...

Plagues Of Egypt
Plagues Of Egypt (plags Ov Ejypt), The Term Usually Employed To Express The Visitation Of Divine Wrath Upon The Egyptians For Refusing To Let The Israelites Depart. When The Lord Had Ordered Moses To Lead The People Of Israel Out Of Goshen And Conduct Them To Canaan, And Pharaoh, Hardening ...