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Diseases
Diseases Or Tali Mule Sexvl System. From A Cause That Has Never Yet Been Explained, Women, On The Commencement Of Puberty, Throw Forth, At Monthly Inter Vals, A Peculiar And Coloured Fluid From The Uterus; Which Terms Of Discharge Only Cease, Or Only Should Cease, During Pregnancy, And Lactation, Till ...

Diseases Of Tue Youth
Diseases Of Tue Youth. Ranula Is An Indolent Tumour, Formed Under The Tongue, Consisting Of A Mem Branous Cyst, Containing A Fluid, General Ly Like White Of Egg, And Occasioning No Inconvenience Until Its Bulk Becomes Troublesome. If Punctured, It Will Col Lect Again. Cut Away That Surface Of The ...

Diseases Of The Weida
Diseases Of The Weida And Etu. Psorophthalmy And Lippitudo, Or Inflam Mation Of The Edges Of The Eyelids, With Itching, &c. Ung. Hydr. Nitr. Lowered, Rubbed On At Night With Camel-hair Pen Cils ; Vitriolic Colyrium, And Alterative Me Dicines. Purulent Ophthalnay. Red, Swollen, And Everted State Of The Eyelids, ...

Disoriars Subszcluent To Ialmrt
Disoriars Subszcluent To I:alm:rt. Most Of The Diseases Consequent Upon Pregnancy Arise After Delivery, And Not During Labour. We Shall First Observe, That Quietude And A Horizontal Position Should Be Strictly Enjoined, As A Matter Of The Greatest Moment. And For This Reason It Is Obvious, That As The Patient ...

Dissenters
Dissenters, In Church History, Are A Numerous Body Of People In This Coun Try, Who Made Their First Appearance In Queen Elizabeth's Time, When, On Ac Count Of The Extraordinary Purity Which They Proposed In Religious Worship And Conduct, They Were Reproached With The Name Of Puritans. They Increased In ...

Distillation
Distillation, A Chemical Rproce* Which Consists In Separating Bodies Which Are Volatile From Those Which Are More Fixed, By The Application Of Heat. All Bo Dies Which Are Susceptible Of The Elastic Or Vaporous Form, At The Same Time That They Are Not Decomposed, Or Otherwise Changed In Their Properties, ...

Dividend
Dividend. See Arithmetic. Divinesn, In Commerce, The Propor Tion Of Profits Which The Members Of A Society, Or Public Company, Receive At Stated Periods, According To The Share They Possess In The Capital Or Common Stock Of The Concern. The Term Is Likewise Generally Applied To The Annual Interest Paid ...

Diving
Diving, The Art Of Descending Under Water To Considerable Depths, And Abiding There A Competent Time. The Uses 'of Diving Are Considerable, Particularly In Fishing For Pearls, Corals, Sponges, Wrecks Of Ships, &c. See Pearl, &c. There Have Been Various Engines Con. Trived To Render The Business Of Diving Safe ...

Divinity
Divinity, Properly Signifies The Na Ture, Quality, And Essence Of The True' God. Dl Visibility, That Property By Which The Particles Of Matter In All Bodies Are Capable Of A Separation, Or Disunion From Each Other. As It Is Evident That Body Is Extended, So It Is No Less ...

Division
Division. In Division Two Numbers Are Given, And It Is Required To Find How Often The For Mer Contains The Latter. Thus It May Be Asked How Often 21 Contains 7, And The Answer Is Exactly 3 Times. The Former Given Number (21) Is Called The Dividend ; The Latter ...

Dock
Dock, In Maritime Affairs, Is A Pit, Great Pond, Or Creek, By The Side Of An Harbour, Made Convenient Either For The Building Or Repairing Of Ships. It Is Of Two Sorts : 1. Dry-dock, Where The Water Is Kept Out By Great Flood-gates Till The Ship Is Built Or ...

Doctor
Doctor, A Person Who Has Passed All The Degrees Of A Faculty, And Is Empower Ed To Teach Or Practise The Same : Thus We Say, Doctor In Divinity, Doctor In Physic,. Doctor Of Laws. The Title Of Doctor Seems To Have Been Created In The Xiith Century, Instead Of ...

Drama
Drama, A Poem, In Which The Action Is Represented. To The Greeks We Owe The Invention Of Both Forms Of Dramatic Composition, Tra Gedy And Comedy. These Exhibitions Were Extremely Simple. The Action Was Con .. Tinned From Beginning To End Without Amuses Or Intervals ; There Was No Change ...

Drawback
Drawback, In Commerce, An Allow Ance Made To Merchants On The Re-expor Tation Of Certain Goods, Which In Some Cases Consists Of The Whole, In Others Of A Part, Of The Duties Which Had Been Paid Upon The Importation. Drawbacks Were Probably Originally Granted For The Encouragement Of The ...

Drawing
Drawing Is The Art Of Expressing With Accuracy The Outline, Or True Boun Dary, Of Objects Of Every Description On Any Plain Superficies. This Pleasing Me Thod Of Preserving The Forms Of Persons And Places, Long After The Originals Have Perished, Or Entirely Changed, Has Beets Cultivated From The Most ...

Dreams
Dreams Have Been Described As The Imaginations, Fancies, Or Reveries Of A Sleeping Man, And They Are Said To Be De Ducible To The Three Following Causes : 1. The Impressions And Ideas Lately Receiv Ea, And Particularly Those Of The Preced Ing Day. 2. The State Of The Body, ...

Drowning
Drowning, Signifies The Extinction Of Life, By A Total Immersion In Water. In Some Respects There Seems To Be A Great Similarity Between The Death Occasioned By Immersion In Water, And That By Stran Gulation, Suffocation By Fixed Air, Apo Plexies, Epilepsies, Sudden Fainting, Vio Lent Shocks Of Electricity, Or ...

Drunkenness
Drunkenness, Theory Of The Com Mon And Immediate Effect Of Wine Is To Dispose To Joy, I. E. To Introduce Such Kinds And Degrees Of Vibrations Into The Whole Nervous System, Or Into The Sepa Rate Parts Thereof; As Are Attended With A Moderate Continued Pleasure. This It Seems To ...

Drupa
Drupa, In Botany, A Species Of Seed Vessel, That Is Succulent, Has No Valve Or ' External Opening Like The Capsule And Pod, And Contains Within Its Substance A Stone Or Nut. The Cherry, Plumb, Peach, Apricot, And All Stone Fruit, Are Of This Kind. The Stone, Or Nut, Which, ...

Ductility
Ductility, In Physics, A Property Of Certain Bodies, Whereby They Are Capa Ble Of Being Expanded, Or Stretched Forth, By Means Of A Hammer, Press, &c. The Great Ductility Of Some Bodies, Especially Gold, Is Very Surprising : The Gold-beaters And Wire-drawers Furnish Us With Abundant Proofs Of This Proper ...

Ductility_2
Ductility Of Gla48. We All Know, That When Well Penetrated With The Heat Of The Fire The Workman Can Figure And Manage Glass Like Soft Wax ; But What Is Most Remarkable, It May Be Drawn, Er Spun Out, Into Threads Exceedingly Long And Fine. Our Ordinary Spinners Do Not ...

Dumbness
Dumbness, The Privation Of The Fa Culty Of Speech. The Most General, Or Rather The Sole Couse Of Dumbness, Is The Want Of The Sense Of Hearing. The Use Of Language Is Originally Acquired By Imitat Ing Articulate Sounds. From This Source Of Intelligence Deaf People Are Entirely, Excluded; They ...

Dyeing
Dyeing, As The Word Is Commonly Used, Is The Art Of Communicating Colour Of Some Considerable Degree Of Perma Nence To Articles Used In Clothing ; The Procesess For Colouring Other Substances Will Be Found Under The Articles Of Stain Ing Wood, Bone, Leather, And Marble. This Art Is Probably ...

Dynamics
Dynamics. This Branch Of Mecha Nics Relates To The Action Of Forces That Give Motion To Solid Bodies ; Which Forces Are Calculated, Both By Their Active Pow Ers, And By The Proportion Of Time In Which Those Powers Become Efficient. Our Readers Cannot Fail To Perceive, That The Complete ...

Dytiscus
Dytiscus, In Natural History, A Genus Of Insects Of The Order Coleoptera. An Tenna; Setaceous ; Feelers Six, Filiform ; Hind-legs Formed For Swimming, Fringed On The Inner Side, And Nearly Unarmed With Claws. Nearly Two Hundred Species Of This Genus Have Been Enumerated. This Has Sometimes Obtained The Name ...

Earl
Earl, A British Title Of Nobility, Next Below A Marquis, And Above A Viscount. Earls Were Anciently Called Comites, Be Cause They Were Wont Comitari Regem, To Wait Upon The King For Council And Ad Vice. The Germans Call Them Graves, As Landgrave, Margrave, Palsgrave, Rhein Grave ; The Saxons ...

Earth
Earth, The Vast Mass Or Planet We Inhabit. The Scientific And Theoretical Attempts Which Have Been Made To Ascer Tain The Form And Internal Composition Of The Earth, Have Produced Less Certain Re Sults Than Could Be Wished. With Re Spect To The Grand Outline We May Con Clude, Without ...

Earthquake
Earthquake. The Dreadful Conse Quences Attending Sudden And Violent Tremblings Of The Earth, Are Sufficient Reasons For Attempting Toaccount For Their Causes, But, As From The Nature Of Those It Is Utterly Impossible To Ascertain Them Accurately, Rational Conjecture Must Be Accepted In Place Of Actual Observation. Every Writer On ...

Earthy Salts
Earthy Salts. The Following Are The Preparations Chictly In Use : Murias Muriate Of Baryte, Edin, Aqua Calcis, Lime Water, Edin. Lund. Dubl. Carbonas Calcis Prmparatus, Prepared Chalk, Loud. Carbonate Of Lime, Edin Phosphas Calcis, &lin. Phosphate Of Lime, Burnt Hartshorn, Loud. Carbonas Magnesia, Edin. Magnesia Al Ba, Land. Dubl. ...

East India Dock
East India Dock. This Company Was Established By An Act Of 43 Geo. Iii. Passed The 27th Of Ju Ly, 1803 And Was Authorised To Raise A Ca Pital 200,0001. Divided Into Shares Of 1001. Each, With Liberty To Increase Their Capital To 300,0001. If' Found Necessary. In 1806 They ...

Easter
Easter, A Festival Of The Christian Church, Observed In Memory.of Our Sa Viour's Resurrection. In The Primitive Ages Of The Church, There Were Very Great Disputes About The Particular Time When This Festival Was To Be Kept. The Asiatic Churches Kept Their Easter Upon The Very Same Day The Jews ...

Ebony
Ebony Is An Exceedingly Hard And Heavy Kind Of Wood, Susceptible Of A Very Fine Polish, And, On That Account, Used In Mosaic And Inlaid Works, For Toys, &c. It Is Of Divers Colours, Most Usually Black, Red, And Green ; Produced Chiefly In The Island Of Madagascar And The ...

Ebullition
Ebullition. See Boiling. Ecihne1s, The Remora, In Natural His Tory, A Genus Of Fishes Of The Order Tho Racici. Generic Character : Head Fur Nished On The Top With A Flat, Oval, Trans Versely Grooved Shield : Gill-membrane, With Ten Rays, According To Gmelin, And Six, According To Shaw ; ...

Eclipse
Eclipse, The Deprivation Of The Light Of The Sun, Or Of Some Heavenly Body, By The Interposition Of Another Heavenly Body Between Our Sight And It. Thus, Eclipses Of The Sun Happen By The Moon's Intervening Between It And The Earth ; By Which Means The Shadow Of The Moon ...

Ecliptic
Ecliptic, Obliquity Of, Is The Angle Which Its Plane Makes With That Of The Equinoctial. The Inclination Of The E Quator To The Ecliptic Is Measured By The Arch Of A Great Circle Intercepted Between Their Poles, Which Was Taken With Very Great Accuracy By Dr. Maskelyne, In The Year ...

Economy
Economy, Political. Political Econo My Is The Science Which Treats Of The Wealth Of Nations. Its Object Is To Ascer Tain, In The First Place, Wherein Wealth Consists, And Then To Explain The Causes Of Its Production, And The Principles On Which It Is Distributed Through The Differ Ent Orders ...

Eggs
Eggs. The Eggs Of Bens And Of Birds, In General, Are Composed Of Several Dis Tinct Substances. 1. The Shell Or Exter Nal Coating, Which Is Composed Of Car Bonate Of Lime .72, Phosphate Of Lime :2, Gelatine .3 ; The Remaining 23 Are, Per Haps, Water. 2. A Thin, ...

Eiwations
Eiwations, Cubic Solution Of, By Car Dan's Rule. Let The Equation Be Reduced To The Form X3-9 Xr=0, Where Q And R May Be Positive Or Aegative. Assume X = A B, Then The Equation Becomes A q X A +6 R=0, Or A3+b3-1-3a B Xa+bqxa+b+ R = 0 ...

Ejectment
Ejectment, Is A Mixed Action, By Which Originally A Lessee For Years, When Ousted, Recovered His Term And Damages. It Is A Real Action In Respect Of The Lands, But Personal In Respect Of The Damages. Since The Disuse Of Real Action, It Is Become The Common Method Of Trying ...