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El Estimate Of The
El Estimate Of The Pleasures Of Theopathy. 95. We Proceed Now To The Important Inquiry Respecting The Theopathetic Affec Tions, What Regard They Claim From Us In Our Formation Of The Rule Of Life. And Here It Appears That The Love Of God Should Be Our Primary Pursuit And Ulti ...

Elasticity
Elasticity, That Disposition In Bo Die:, By Which They Endeavour To Restore Themselves To The Posture From Whence They Were Displaced By Any External Force. The Principal Phenomena Ob Servable In Elastic Bodies Are : 1. That An Elastic Body (i.v. A Body Perfectly Elastic, If Any Such There Be) ...

Elasticity Dynamics
Dynamics, Elasticity, Pones, Tion?, Motion, Se.c. Will He Found Much Relating To The Doctrine Of Mechanics ; We Shall Therefore In This Place Chiefly Treat Of The Mechanical Powers, Which Are Usually Reckoned Six In Number : Viz. The Lever; The Wheel And Axis, Or, As It Is Fre Quently ...

Elater
Elater, In Natural History, A Genus Of Insects Of The Order Coleoptera : An Tenna Filiform, Lodged In A Groove Under The Head And Thorax : Underside Of The Thorax Terminating In An Elastic Spine, Placed In A Cavity Of The Abdomen; By Which Means The Body, When Placed On ...

Election
Election, Is A Term Frequently Used In Mathematics, To Signify The Several Dif Ferent Ways Of Taking Any Number Of Things Proposed, Either Separately, Or As Combined In Pairs, In Threes, Infours, &g.; Not As To The Order, But Only As To The Number And Variety Of Them. Thus, Of ...

Election
Election Of Members Of Parliament. Qualification Of The Candidates. A Mem. Ber Cannot Sit In Parliament Until Twenty One Years Of Age ; And Must Not Be Alien Born ; Nor One Of The Twelve Judges, Who Sit In The Lords As Attendants Upon The House ; But Persons Who ...

Embalming
Embalming, Is The Opening A Dead Body, Taking Out The Intestines, And Filling The Place With Odoriferous And Desicca Tive Drugs And Spices, To Prevent Its Pu Trefying. The Egyptians Excelled All Other Nations In The Art Of Preserving Bo Dies From Corruption ; For Some That They Have Embalmed ...

Emberiza
Emberiza, The Bunting, In Natural History, A Genus Of Birds Of The Order Passeres. Generic : Bill Conic ; Mandibles Receding From Each Other, From The Base Downwards ; The Lower With The Sides Narrowed In ; The Upper Containing A Large Knob, Of Use To Break Hard Seeds. There ...

Embroidery
Embroidery, A Work In Gold, Or Sil Ver, Or Silk Thread, Wrought By The Needle Upon Cloth, Stuff, Or Muslin, Into Various Figures. In Embroidering Stuffs, The Work Is Performed In A Kind Of Loom, Be Cause The More The Piece Is Stretched, The Easier It Is Worked As To ...

Emerson William
Emerson (william), In Biography, A Late Eminent Mathematician, Was Born In June, 1701, At Hurworth, A Village About Three Miles South Of Darlington, On The Borders Of The County Of Durham ; At Least It Is Certain That He Resided Here From His Childhood. His Father, Dudley Emer Son, Taught ...

Enamelling
Enamelling. Neri On 'lass, With The Notes Of Merret And Kunckel, Afford A Variety Of Good Receipts For Making Enamels, Though Much Still Remains To Be Done In This Art. The Art Is Indeed Retarded By The Considerable Advantages The Enameller Derives From The Discovery Of Any Colour Uncommonly Brilliant, ...

Engine
Engine, Fire, By Rowntree. We Have Selected An Engine By This Maker To Give A Drawing And Description, As It Is Greatly Superior To The Common Engine With Two Force Pumps. As That Kind Of Engine Has So Often Been Described By Various Au Thors, And Its Principles So Essily ...

Engine
Engine, .for Raising Water. The Frame Of The Machine Is Of Cast Iron, Nearly In The Form Of The Letter A ; There Are Two Of These Frames, B B, (fig. 1, Plate Pump Engine,) Screwed Together By Means Of Five Wrought Iron Pillars, A A A A; 1) Is ...

Engine_2
Engine For Driving Piles, Used At Building Westminster Bridge, Is Con Structed As Follows : A, (plate V. Miscel. Fig. 3.) Is The Great Shaft, On Which Are The Great Wheel And Drum : B, The Great Wheel With Cogs, That Turns A Trundle Head With A Fly, To Prevent ...

English Weights
English Weights Tray Weight. Lb. Oz. Drms. =slides. Grains. Grammes. 1 = 12 = = 2ii = 5760 =372.96 1= 8= 24= 480_ 31 . 08 1 = 3 = 60 = 3.885 1 =-- 20 = 1.395 1 = 0.06475 Avoirdupois Weight. Lb. Oz. Drms. Grains. Grammes. 1 = ...

Englisii Measures
Englisii Measures. Inches. A Foot Is 12 A Yard 36 A Pole, Or Rod . . . . 198 A Furlong 7920 A Mile ... 63360 A Link 7 92 A Chain 792 A Nail Of Cloth . . . . Incheu A Quarter 9 A Yard 36 An Ell ...

Engraving
Engraving. This Term Is At Pre Sent Confined To The Art Of Excavating Copper And Wood, In Lines, In So Judicious A Manner, As To Produce Imitations Of Paintings And Drawings When Painted On Paper. It Is Certain That Engraving For The Production Of Prints Was Unknown Long After The ...

Entomology
Entomology Is That Branch Of Na Tural History That Treats Of Insects. The Study Of Insects Has Sometimes Been Ri Diculed As Unworthy The Attention Of Men Of Science ; For This, However, There Is No Just Reason ; Though Inferior In Point Of Magnitude, Yet They Surpass, In Variety ...

Entry
Entry, In Law, Is The Taking Possession Of Lands Or Tenements, Where The Party Has A Title Of Entry, Or An Immediate Right To Possess Them. This May Be In Or By Attorney, Or Is An Entry In Law, Which Is Merely The Making Con Firma! Claim, By Law Considered ...

Ephemera
Ephemera, Day Fly, In Natural Hts Tory, A Genus Of Insects Of The Order Neu Roptera. Mouth Without Mandibles ; Feelers Four, Very Short, Filiform ; Amen Nit Short, Liliform ; Above The Eyes Are Two Or Three Large Stemmata ; Wings Erect, The Lower Ones Much Shorter ; Tail ...

Epicurean
Epicurean Philosophy, The Doctrine Or System Of Philosophy Maintained Epicurus And His Followers. Epicurus, The Athenian, One Of The Greatest Philosophers Of His Age, Was Obliged To Democritus For Almost His Whole System, Notwithstanding He Piqued Himself Upon Deriving Every Thing From His Own Fund. Ile Wrote A Great Number ...

Epidemic
Epidemic. A Contagious Disease Is So Termed That Attacks Many People At The Same Season, And In The Same Place ; Thus, Putrid Fever, Plague, Dysentery, &c. Are Often Epidemic. Dr. James Sims Observes, In The Memoirs Of The Medical Society Of London, That There Are Some Grand Classes Of ...

Episcopalians
Episcopalians, In The Modern Ac Ceptation Of The Term, Belong More Espe Cially To Members Of The Church Of Eng Land, And Derive This Title From Episcopus, The Latin Word For Bishop ; Or, If It Be Re Ferred To Its Greek Origin, Implying The Care And Diligence With Which ...

Equation
Equation, Annual, Of The Mean Mo Tion Of The Sun And Moon's Apogee And Nodes. The Annual Equation Of The Sun's Mean Motion Depends Upon The Excen Tricity Of The Earth's Orbit Round Him, And Is 1611 Such Parts, Of Which The Mean Distance Between The Sun And The Earth ...

Equations
Equations, Biquadratic, Solution Of, By Des Cartes's Method. Any Biquadratic May Be Reduced To The Form .1-4+q X' R X + S = D, By Taking Away The Second Term. Suppose This To Be Made Up Of The Two Quadratics, X= + E X + F = 0, And X' ...

Equations
Equations, Construction Of, In Alge Bra, Is The Finding The Roots Or Unknown Quantities Of An Equation, By Geometrical Construction Of Right Lines Or Curves, Or The Reducing Given Equations Into Geo Metrical Figures. And This Is Effected By Lines Or Curves, According To The Order Or Rank Of The ...

Equinox
Equinox, The Time When The Sun En Ters Either Of The Equinoctial Points, Where The Ecliptic Intersects The Equi Noctial. It Was Evidently An Important Problem In Practical Astronomy, To De Termine The Exact Moment Of The Sun's Occupying These Stations ; For It Was Na Tural To Compute The ...

Equity
Equity, Quasi Cequalitas, Is Generally Understood, In Law, A Liberal Correction, Or Qualification Of The Law, Where It Is Too Strict, Too Confined, Or Severe, And Is Sometimes Applied, Where, By The Words Of A Statute, A Case Does Not Fall Within It, Yet Being Within The Mischief, The Judges, ...

Equus
Equus, The Horse, In Natural History, A Genus Of Mammalia Of The Order Of Be Hum. Generic Character : Upper Fore-teeth Pa Rallel, And Six In Number ; In The Lower Jaw Six, Rather More Projecting; Tusks On Each Side, In Both Jaws, Remote From The Rest ; Feet With ...

Erinaceus
Erinaceus, The Hedgehog, In Na Tural History, A Genus Of Mammalia, Of The Order Ferae. Generic Character : Two Fore Teeth, Both Above And Below, Those Of The Upper Jaw Distant, Those Of The Lower Ap Proximated ; Five Tusks An Each Side Of The Upper Jaw, Three On Each ...

Escape
Escape, In Law, Is Where One Who Is Arrested Gains His Liberty Before He Is De Livered By Course Of Law. Escapes Are Either In Civil Or Criminal Cases; And In Both Respects May Be Distinguished Into Voluntary And Negligent ; Voluntary, Where It Is With The Consent Of The ...

Esophagus Mouth
Mouth, (esophagus, And Stomach. We Have Already Shown The Most Im Portant Circumstances Relating To The Mouth. Many Species Of The Genus Si Mia, As Well As The Hamster, (marmota Cricetus) And Some Similar Species Of The Marmot, Are Provided With Cheet Pouch Es, In Which The Former, Who Live ...

Esophagus And Stomach Of
(esophagus And Stomach Of Birds. The Cesophagus Is Of Immense Size In Many Carnivorous Birds ; Considerably Larger Than The Intestinal The Capaciousness Of This Tube Enables It To Hold For A Time The Entire Fish And Large Bones Which These Birds Swallow, And Which Cannot Be Contained In The ...

Esox
Esox, The Pike, In Natural History, A Genus Of Fishes Of The Order Abdominales. Generic Character : Head Flattish Above, Mouth And Throat Large ; Teeth Sharp, In The Jaws, Palate, And Tongue ; Nostrils Double, Near The Eyes ; Gill-membrane With From Seven To Twelve Rays ; Body Elongated ...

Estate
Estate, In Law, That Title Or Interest Which A Man Hath In Lands Or Tenements, &c. This May Be Considered In A Three Fold Manner : 1. As To The Quantity Of In Terest Which.the Party Has ; 2. The Time When That Interest Is To Be Enjoyed; 3. The ...

Estinate Of The Pleasures
Estinate Of The Pleasures Of S Path Y. 61. We Have Now Proceeded Through And Examined All Those Sources Of Happi Ness Which Do Not Coincide With What We Established As The Standard Of Comparison, The Greatest Ultimate Happiness. We Have Seen, That If Any Of Them Be Made The ...

Estrays
Estrays And Waifs. Estrays Are Any Valuable Beasts, Not Wild, Found With In A Lordship, Whose Owner Is Not Known ; Such As Are Commonly Impounded And Not Claimed. They Are Then To Be Pro Claimed In „the Church And Two Nearest Market Towns On Two Market Days, And Not ...

Ether
Ether Of Sir Isaac Newton. When We Have Separated The Actions Of Bodies Upon Each Other, So Far That The Effects Appear To Us To Be Simple, We Resolve The Causes Of Motion Into Two ; Namely, A Disposition Of Bodies To Come Together,. Called At Traction, And A Disposition ...

Ether
Ether. The Action Of The More Pow Erful Acids On Alcohol Gives Rise To An Or Der Of Compounds, Of Some Importance From Their Peculiar Properties. These, As Produced By The Different Acids, Vary Somewhat In Their Qualities : They Also A Gree, However, In The Possession Of Cer Tain ...

Etna
:etna, A Famous Volcanic Or Burning Mountain In Sicily, Situated On The Eastern Coast, Not Far From Catania. The Height Of This Mountain Is Above 10,000 Feet Above The Surface Of The Sea, And Its Circumfe Rence At The Base Is 180 Miles. Over Its Sides Are 77 Cities, Towns, ...

Eucltd
Eucltd, The Celebrated Mathematician, According To The Account Of Pappus And Proclus, Was Born At Alexandria, In Egypt, Where Lie Flourished And Taught Mathe Matics,, With Great Applause, Under The Reign Of Ptolemy Lagos, About 280 Years Before Christ. And Here, From His Time Till The Conquest Of 'alexandria By ...

Euier
Eui.er (lxonattn,) In Biography, One Of The Most Extraordinary, And Even Prodigious, Mathematical Geniuses That The World Ever Produced. He Was A Na Tive Of Basil, And Was Born April 15, 1707. The Years Of His Infancy Were Passed At Richen, Where His Father Was Minister. He Was Afterwards Sent ...

Evaporation
Evaporation, In Natural Into Phy, Is The Conversion Of Water Nto Va Pour, Which, In Consequence Of Becoming Lighter Than The Atmosphere, Is Raised Considerably Above The Surface Of The Earth, And Afterwards By A Partial Conden Sation Forms Clouds. It Differs From Exha Lation, Which Is Properly A Dispersion ...

Evidence
Evidence, In Law, Proof, By Testimo Ny Of Witnesses On Oath, Or By Writings, Or Records Adduced Before A Court, Or Magis Trate Of Competent Jurisdiction. It Is Two Fold, Either Written Or Verbal ; The Former By Records, Deedi, Bonds, Or Other Writ Ten Documents, Thelatter By Witnesses Ex ...

Example
Example 2 —what Present Sum Is Equivalent To A Nett Rent Of 20/. Per An Nual For 69 Years ? The Value In The Table Againsf 69 Years Is 19,309;310, Which Multiplied By 20 Gives The Answer 3f-:6/. 38.11d If Any Of The Annuities In The Above Ta Ble, Instead ...

Exchange
Exchange, In Political Economy. The Reciprocal Payments Of Merchants Are Made In Bills Of Exchange, The Amount Of Which Is Expressed In The Money Of The Country Upon Which They Are Drawn. In Calculating The Par Of Lexchange, The Coin Of Different Countries Is Supposed To Contain That Quantity Of ...

Exchanges
Exchanges, Arbitration Of, Are Calcula Tions, Made To Find Through What Inter Mediate Place It Will Be Most Advanta Geous To Draw Or Remit. The Person Who Draws A Bill Of Ex Change, Is Called The Drawer; He Upon Whom It Is Drawn, The Drawee; And If He Undertake To ...

Exchequer
Exchequer, From The French, Esche Quier, I. E. Abacus Tabula Lusori A, Is A Court Of Law And Equity, Established By William The Conqueror, As A Part Of The Aula Regis, Though Regulated And Reduced To Its Present State By Edw. I. And Intended Principally To Order The Revenue Of ...

Exchequer_2
Exchequer, Chancellor Of, Is, In Great Britain, The Officer To Whom The Arrange Ment Of The Financial Concerns Of The Country Is Chiefly Entrusted. He Causes Accounts To Be Annually Laid Before Par Liament Of The Produce Of The Taxes, With Estimates Of The Several Branches Of Pub Lic Expenditure ...

Excise
Excise Duties, Inland Taxes On Com Modities Of General Consumption. This Mode Of Taxation, Having Been Always Found Very Productive, Has Been Adopted By All The European Governments, And By Some Of Them Has Been Extended Even To The Necessaries Of Life ; But, In General, The Articles Subjected To ...

Execution
Execution, In Music, A Term Applica Ble To Every Species Of Musical Perfbr Mance ; But More Particularly Used To Express A Facility Of Voice Or Finger In Rapid Divisions, And Other Diffi ' Cult And Intricate Passages : It Inclitdes, In A General Sense, Taste, Feeling, Grace, And Expression. ...

Existence
Existence, That Whereby Any Thing Has An Actual Essence, Or Is Said To He. Mr. Locke Says, "that We Arrive At The Knowledge Of Our Own Existence By Intu Ition ; Of The Existence Of Cod By Demon Stration; And Of Other Things By Sensation. As For Our Own Existence," ...