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Orchis
Orchis, In Botany, A Genus Of The Gy Nandria Diandria Class And Order. Natur Al Order Of Orchidex. Essential Charac Ter: Nectary A Horn Or Spur Behind The Flower. There Are Fifty Species. Among Which We Shall Notice The 0. Bifolia, But Terfly Orchis. This Plant Has Ovate Bulbs, Tapering ...

Orders Alimentary Canal Of
Alimentary Canal Of The Lower, Orders. The Simple Globular Hydatid, Which Is Frequently Found In The Different Viscera Both Of Man And Quadrupeds, Has Been Supposed By Some To Be An Animal Con Sisting Entirely Of A Stomach. Doubts, However, Have Been Lately Raised, Whether Or No This Be Really ...

Orders Of Architecture
Orders Of Architecture. An Order Is A Decorated Imitation Of Those Primitive Huts, Which Consisted Of Rows Of Posts, Made Of The Trunks Of Trees, Disposed In The Ground Around A Quadran Gular Plat ; And Supporting A Covering, Which Consisted Of Four Lintelling Beams, Placed On The Top Of ...

Ordinates
Ordinates, In Geometry, Are Right Lines Drawn Parallel To Each Other, And Cutting The Curve In A Certain Number Of Points. Parallel Ordinates Are Usually All Cut By Some Other Line, Which Is Called An Absciss. When This Line Is A Diameter Of The Curve, The Property Of The Ordi ...

Ordze H
Ordze H. Iattitmenenlio. Moser, An External Tumour Of The Whole Or Greater Part Of The Body. These Are Adi Pose, Flatulent, Or Aqueous, Forming Three Distinct Sections. Of The First Is, 1. Poly Sarcia, Corpulency. Of The Second Are, 2. Pneumatosis, A Tense Elastic Swelling Of The Body, Crackling Under ...

Ores
Ores, In Mineralogy. An Ore Is A Me Tal In The State In Which It Exists In The Earth. It May Be Either Native, That Is Pure, And Uncombined With Any Other Substance, Or Alloyed With Another Me Tal ; Or In A State Of An Oxide, Or A Sulphu ...

Orgaics Of Generation
Orgaics Of Generation. The Parts Which The Two Sexes Per Form, In The Importai. Business Of Pre, Pagating The Species, Are So Entirely Ferent, That We Shall Not Be Surprised At Finding That The Male And Female Organs Of Generation Are Wholly-dissimilar To Each Other. The Gems Br Rudiments Of ...

Organ Oe Smelling
Organ Oe Smelling. Two Remarkable Instances Of Anomalous Structure In Parts Connected With The Nose Occur In The Proboscis Of The Elephant, And The Blowing Holes Of The Cetacea The Former Organ Consists Of Two Canals, Separated From Each Other By An Inter Vening Partition. Innumerable Muscular Fasciculi, Running In ...

Organ Of Hearing
Organ Of Hearing. The Organ Is Divided Into Two Parts, The External And Internal Ear, By The Membra. Sa Tympani. The Situation Of The Former On The Out Side Of The Heial Is Well Known; The Latter Is Contained In The Petrous Por Tion Of The Temporal Hone. The External ...

Organ Of Smellltng
Organ Of Smellltng. The Nose Is A Cavity Of Very Irregular Figure, Formed Chiefly By The Banes Of The Face, And Communicating With The Various Sinuses Or Bony Cells Formed In The Head. It Is Separated By The Brain Above By The Cribriform Lamella Of The Ethmoid Bone. This Separation ...

Organ Of Tee Sense
Organ Of Tee Sense Of Torril. This Sense May Be Considered, In The Most Enlarged Acceptation Of The Term, As Residing In The Surface Of The Body In Ge Neral : M A More Limited View, We Regard The Ends Of The Fingers As More Particu Larly Adapted, By Their ...

Organ Of The Voice
Organ Of The Voice. Aristotle Has Correctly Observed, That Those Animals Only Which Possess Lungs, Consequently The Three First Classes Of The Animal Kingdom, Possess A True Voice. Several Genera And Species Even Of These Are Either Entirely Dumb, As The Anteater, The Manis, The Cetacea, The Genus Testudo, Several ...

Organs Concerned In The
',organs Concerned In The Reduction And Assimilation Of The Food. Organs Of Mastication And Deglutition. The Two Jaws, With,their Teeth, And The Tongue, Are The Principal Agents In The Business Of Mastication. The Articulation Of The Condyle Of The Lower Jaw With The Glenoid Cavity Of, The Temporal Bone Admits ...

Or C 0 Ngregation
Independents, Or C 0 Ngregation. Alists, In Church History, A Sect Of Pro Testant Dissenters, Which First Made Its Appearance In Holland In The Year 1616. Mr. John Robinson Appears To Have Been The Founder Of This Sect. The Appella Tion Of Independents Was Applied To, And Adopted By, This ...

Or Canticles
Canticles, Or The Song Of Songs, In Biblical History, A Hebrew Mode Of Ex Pression To Denote A Song Superlatively Excellent In Style And Sentiment. Of This Ancient Poem The Author Is Asserted, By The Unanimous Voice Of Antiquity, To Have Been Solomon, And This Tradition Is Cor Roborated By ...

Or Carton
Carton, Or Canroox, In Painting, A Design Drawn On Strong Paper, To Be Af Terwards Traced Through, And Transferred On The Fresh Plaster Of A Wall, To Be Paint Ed In Fresco. In Italian, Whence The Term Seems To Be Derived, Cartone, Or Cartoni, Signifying Large Paper, Denotes Several Sheets ...

Or Cerusse
Cerusse, Or White Lead, A Substance Compounded Of The Acetic Acid And Lead. It Is Formed By The Metal Plates Of Lead Being Exposed To The Vapours Arising From Boiling Vinegar, And The Metal Being Oxy Dized By The Action Of The Air, Aided By The Affinity Of The Acid. ...

Or Charadrius
Charadrius, Or The Plover, In Natu Ral History, A Genus Of Birds Of The Or Der Grallx. Generic Character : Bill Straight, And In General About The Length Of The Head ; Nostrils Linear ; Three Toes, And All Placed Forward. There Are Twen Ty-six Species, Of Which The Most ...

Or Chart
Chart, Or Hydrographical Map, In Na Vigation, Is A Representation, In Piano, Of A Part, Or Of The Whole, Of The Water On The Surface Of The Globe, And The Adjacent Coast. There Are Various Kinds Of Charts, As Globular, Plane, Mercator's, &c. Caster, Globular, Is A Projection, So Call. ...

Or Chords
Chords, Or Coans, In Music, Are Strings,by The Vibrations Of Which The Sen Sation Of Sound Is Excited, And By The Di Visions Of Which The Several Degrees Of Tune Are Determined. The Of Musical Instruments Are Ordinarily Made Of Catgut; Though Some Are Made Of Brass Or Iron Wire, ...

Or Cipiier Cypher
Cypher, Or Cipiier. To Write In Cypher Denotes The Art Of Communicat Ing By Writing In Such A Manner, As Shall Be Legible Only To Those Who Are Acquaint Ed With The Rules By Which The Charac Ters Made Use Of Are Formed Or Disposed. It Is Principally Used In ...

Or Cochlial 18 17nivaltz
17niva.ltz Hirlilo, Or Cochlial 18. Argonauta. Shell Spiral, Invo Lute, Membranaceous, And With One Cham Ber. 19. Nautilus. Divided Into Many Cham Bers, By Partitions, Perforated With Pro Jecting Pipes. • 20. Conus. Convoluted And Turbinat. Ed Shell ; The Aperture Longitudinal, Li Near, Open At Both Ends, And Without ...

Or Cookery
Cookery, Or Cooking, The Exercise Of Art In The Preparation Of Food For Human Sustenance. It Consists Not Only In The Application Of Heat Under Various Modifi Cations And Circumstances, But Also In The Due Intermixture Of Condiments, Calculat Ed As Well To Please The Palate As To Pro Mote ...

Or Counsel Council
Council, Or Counsel, In A General Sense, An Assembly Of Divers Considerable Persons, To Concert Measures Relating To The State. Couxcil. In This Country The Law, In Order To Assist The King In The Discharge Of His Duties, The Maintenance Of His Dig Nity, And The Exertion Of His Prerogative, ...

Or Dancing Dance
Dance, Or Dancing. The Causes Which Produce The Active Operation Of Dancing Are As Completely Inherent In The Human System, As Any Of Those Which Are Generally Called Involuntary Affec Tions Of The Nerves. A Review Of The His Tory Of Mankind Will Serve To Prove, That The Passions Are ...

Or Feeling Much
'much, Or Feeling, Sense Of. When The Mind Has Connected The Complex. Ideas Derived From The Touch With The Vi Sible Appearance Of Objects, Then The Sight Is Indefinitely The Most Useful Medium Of Knowledge : But In The Earliest Stages Of The Intellectual Progress, The Touch Is The Most ...

Or Feodal
Feodal, Or Feudal, System. This System Originated From An Assumed Right Obtained By Conquest. When The Ro Man Empire Began To Decline, And That Government Became Too Feeble To Support Its Most Distant Possessions, The Celtic Nations, Taking Advantage Of The Reduced State Of Their Various Military Posts, Marched In ...

Or Font Fount
Fount, Or Font, Among Printers, A Set Or Quantity Of Letters, And All The Ap Pendages Belonging Thereto, As Numeral Characters, Quadrats, Points; &c. Cast By A Letter-founder, And Sorted. Founts Are Large Or Small, According To The Demand Of The Printer, Who Orders Them By The Hundred Weight, Or ...

Or Friend
Friend, Or Quaker. A Society Of Dis Senters From The Church Of England Ob Tained The Latter Appellation In The Middle Of The Seventeenth Century ; The Former They Bad Before Applied, And Continue To Apply, To Themselves. The First Preacher Of This Society Was George Fox, A Man Of ...

Or Galilee
Galilee, Or Galu.so, In Biography, B. Most Excellent Philosopher, Mathema Tician And Astronomer, Was The Son Of A Florentine Nobleman, And Born At Pisa, In The Year 1564. The Earliest Subjects Of His Studies Were, Poetry, Music, And Draw Ing ; But His Genius Soon Led Him To The Cultivation ...

Or Green Rite Vert
Vert, Or Green Rite, In Forest Law, Any Thing That Grows And Bears A Green Leaf Within The Forest, That May Cover A Deer. This Is Divided Into Over-vert And Nether Vert ; Over-vert Is The Great Woods Which, In Law-books, Are Usually Called Hault Bois ; Nether-vert Is The ...

Or Hariisfices Aruspices
Aruspices, Or Hariisfices, An Or Der Of Priesthood, Among The Romans, That Pretended To Foretel Future Events By Inspecting The Entrails Of Victims Killed In Sacrifice ; They Were Also Consulted On Occasions Of Portents And Prodigies. It Appears That Women Were Admitted Into This Order. As, In Antiquity, A ...

Or Huer
Huer, Or Hven, The Icelandic Name For Streams Of Heated Water, Which Are Forced With Great Violence Through Aper Tures In The Earth By Internal Causes, To A Great Height, In That Wretched Island. Numerous As Are The Phenomena Of Na Ture, There Is None More Capable Of Excit Ing ...

Or Inflection
Inflection, Or Point Of Inflection, In The Higher Geometry, Is The Point Where A Curve Begins To Bend A Contrary Way.— See Flexure. There Are Various Ways Of Finding The Point Of Inflection ; But The Following Seems To Be The Most Simple. From The Nature Of Curvature It Is ...

Or Insurance Assurance
Assurance, Or Insurance, An En Gagement By Which A Person Is Indemni Fied From The Loss He Would Sustain By The Happening Of A Particular Event ; As By The Capture Or Wreck Of A Ship At Sea, Or The Destiuction Of Goods By Fire. Projects Have At Different Times ...

Or Island
Island, Or Crystal, A Body Famous Among The Writers Of Optics, For Its Property Of A Double Refraction; Hut Improperly Called By That Name, As It Has None Of The Distinguishing Characters Of Crystal, And Is Plainly A Body Of Another Class. Dr. Hill Has Reduced It To Its Pro ...

Or Judgment Understanding
Understanding, Or Judgment, In The Hartleyan Acceptation Of The Term, Is That Faculty By Which We Contemplate Mere Sensations And Ideas, Pursue Truth, And Assent To, Or Dissent From, Proposi Tions. In This Article, And In Words, We 'shall, As We Proposed In Pnnosoray, Mental, § 104, Lay Before Our ...

Or Lime
Lime, Or Calcareous Earth, Predomi Nates In Most Stones Which Are Soft Enough To Be Scratched With A Knife. These Are Chalk, Lime-stone, Marble, Spars, Gypsum, Or Plaster-stone, And Va Rious Others. As The Lime Is Most Fre Quently Combined With Carbonic Acid, It Is Usual For Mineralogists To Drop ...

Or Lnnterloo
L.nnterloo, Or Loo, A Game At Cards, Played Several Ways, Whereof We Shall Only Mention Two. First Way Is This : Lift For Dealing, And The Best Put Carries It : As Many May Play As The Cards Will Permit ; Five Being Dealt To Each, And Then Turning Up ...

Or Magi An Magi
Magi, Or Magi An% An Ancient Reli Gious Sect In Persia, And Other Eastern Countries, Who Maintained, That There Were Two Principles, The One The Cause Of All Good, The Other The Cause Of All Evil ; And Abominating The Adoratim Of Images,worshippecl God Only By Fire,which They Looked Upon ...

Or Maim Maiheai
Maiheai, Or Maim, Signifies A Corpo Ral Wound Or Hurt By Which A Man Loseth The Use Of Any Member. By The Old Common Law, Castration Was Punished With Death, And Other Members With The Loss Of Member For Member ; But Of Latter Clays, Maihem Was Punisha• Ble Only ...

Or Manoscope Manometer
Manometer, Or Manoscope, An Instrument To Show Or Measure The Alter Ations In The Rarity Or Density Of The Air. The Manometer Differs From The Barometer In This, That The Latter Only Serves To Measure The Weight Of The At Mosphere, Or Of The Doltimn Of Air Over It : ...

Or Marquetry
Marquetry, Or Work, Is A Curious Work Composed Of Several Fine Hard Pieces Of Wood, Of Various Colours, Fastened In Thin Slices On A Ground, And Sometimes Enriched With Other Matters, As Silver, Brass, Tortoise-shell, And Ivory ; With These Assistances, The Art Is Now Ca Pable Of Imitating Any ...

Or Modes Of Flowering
Of The Different Kinds Of Cence, Or Modes Of Flowering. The Various Modes In Which Flowers Are Situated Upon Or Connected With A Plant, Are Of Great Botanical Importance, Not Only For Specific Distinctions,but As Leading The Way To The Knowledge Of Natural Fami Fes Or Orders. Yet Linrimus Does ...

Or Molle B Mollare
B Mollare, Or Molle, One Of The Notes Of The Scale Of Music, Usually Called Soft Or Flat, In Opposition To B Quadro. Boa, In Natural History, A Genus Of Ser Pents, Of Which The Generic Character Is, Plates On The Belly And Under The Tail, Without A Rattle. Gmelin ...

Or Mood
Mood, Or Mont!, In Logic, Called Also Syllogistic Mood, A Proper Disposition Of The Several Propositions Of A Syllogism, In Respect Of Quantity And Quality. As In All The Several Dispositions Of The Middle Term, The Propositions Of Which A Syllogism Consists May Be Either Univer Sal Or Particular, Affirmative ...

Or Napier Neper
Neper, Or Napier (sons), In Bio Graphy, Baron Of Marchiston, In Scotland, Inventor Of The Logarithms, Was Tae Eldest Son Of Sir Archibald Napier, Of Marchis Ton, And Born In The Year 1550. Having Given Early Indications Of Great Natural Parts, His Father Was Careful To Have Them Cultivated By ...

Or Nocturlabium Nocturnal
Nocturnal, Or Nocturlabium, An In Strument Chiefly Used At Sea, To Take The Altitude Or Depression Of Some Stars About The Pole, In Order To Find The Lati Tude And Hour Of The Night. Some Noc Tornals Are Hemispheres, Or Planispheres, On The Plane Of The Equinoctial. Those Commonly In ...

Or Passion
Passion, Or The Passions. The Latter Term Serves To Express Those Sensations Of The Soul Excited By Pleasure And Pain ; Which Two Principal Feelings Are Divided Into A Variety Of Branches, And Those We Shall Endeavour, In The Succeeding Pages, To Explain, As Far As Our Limited Powers Will ...

Or Platt A
Platt A, Or Plavixtrar, A Metal, Which In Most Of Its Properties Is Equal To Gold, But In Others It Is Very Superior. It Was First Ascertained To Be A Distinct Me Tal By Scheffer, A Swedish Chemist, In The Year 1752. By Him It Was Named White Gold, Because ...

Or Position
Position, Or The Rule Of False Post 'nos, Otherwise Called The Rule Of False Noon, In Arithmetic, Is A Rule So Called, Because, In Calculating On Several False Numbers Taken At Random, As If They Were The True Ones, And From The Differences Found Therein, The Number Sought Is De ...

Or Precedency Precedence
Precedence, Or Precedency, A Place Of Honour To Which A Person Is En Titled : This Is Either Of Courtesy Or Of Right. The Former Is That Which Is Due To Age, Estate, &c. Which Is Regulated By Custom And Civility : The Latter Is Settled By Authority, And When ...

Or Resisting Resistance
Resistance, Or Resisting Force, In Philosophy, Denotes, In General, Any Power Which Acts In An Opposite Direc Tion To Another, So As To Destroy Or Dimi Nish Its Effect. Hence The Force Where With Bodies, Moving In Fluid Mediums, Are Impeded Or Retarded, Is The Resistance Of Those Fluids. Authors ...

Or Shammy
Shammy, Or Casmors Leather, A Kind °heather, Dressed Either In Oil Or Tanned; And Much Esteemed For Its Softness, Plian Cy. And Being Capable Of Bearing Soap Without Hurt. The True Shammy Is Pre Pared Of The Skin Of The Chamois-goat. See Capra. The True Chamois Leather Is Counter Feited ...

Or Sound
Sound, Or Manion, Sense Of. The Sense Of Sight Is Effected By Rays Of Light, Proceeding From The Different Objects To The Retina. The Sense Of Feeling Is Effect Ed By The Contact Of Its Various Objects With The Body, Or By The Vigorous Or Un Sound State Of The ...

Or Stocks
Stocks, Or Public Funds In Enema. By The Word Stock Was Originally Meant, A Particular Sum Of Money, Contributed To The Establishing Of A Fund To Enable A Company To Carry On A Certain Trade, By Means Of Which The Person Became A Partner In That Trade, And Received A. ...

Or Strowtian Strontites
Strontites, Or Strowtian, In Mineralogy, Is Of A Green Colour ; It Oc Curs Sometimes Massive, And Sometimes Crystallized. This Earth Was Not Disco Vered Till About The Year 1791 Or 1792. Dr. Crawford, Indeed, Previously To This Period, In Making Some Experiments On What He Supposed Was A Carbonate ...

Or Templers Templahs
Templahs, Or Templers, A Religious Order Instituted At Jerusalem, About The Year 1118. Some Religious ,gentlemen Put Themselves Under The Government Of The Patriarch Of Jesasalem, Renounced Property, Made The Vow Of Celibacy And Obedience, And Lived Like Canons Regular. King Baldwin 'assigned Them Ad., Apart Ment In His Palace. ...

Or Tone Tune
Tune, Or Tone, In Music, Is That Pro Perty Of Sounds By Which They Come Un Der The Relation Of Acute And Grave. If Two Or More Sounds Be Compared To Gether In This Relation, They Are Either Equal Or Unequal In The Degree Of Tune; Such Asnre Equal, Are ...

Or Transcen Dant Transcendental
Transcendental, Or Transcen Dant, Something Elevated Or Raised Above Other Things; Which Passes And Transcends The Nature Of Other, Inferior Things. Tran Scendental Quantities, Among Geometri Cians, Are Indeterminate Ones, Or Such As °winot Be Fixed Or Expressed By Any Con Stam Equation: Such Are All Transcendental Curves, Which Cannot ...

Or Traverse
Traverse, Or In Gene Ral, Denotes Something That Goes Athwart Another ; That Is, Crosses And Cuts It Ob. Liquely. Hence, To Traverse A Piece Of Ordnance, Among Gunners, Signifies To Turn Or Point It Which Way One Pleases, Upon The Platform. In Fortification, Traverse Denotes A Trench, With A ...

Or Wavsy Waved
Waved, Or Wavsy, In Heral. Dry, Is Said Of A Hordore, Or Any Ordina Ry, Or Charge, In A Coat Of Arms, Having Its Outlines Indented In Manner Of The Rising And Falling Of Waves ; It Is Used To Denote, That The First Of The Family In Whose Arms ...