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Tantalus
Tantalus, The This, In Natural Histo Ry, A Genus Of Birds Of The Order Grafix, Ceneric Character : Bill Long ; Thick At The Base, Inenrvated ; Face Naked, And Sometimes All The Head ; Tongue Broad And Short ; Nostrils Linear And Oval ; Four Toes, Connected By A ...

Tapestry
Tapestry. It Has Been Supposed That The Use Of Tapestry Was Introduced Into The Various Nations Of Europe From The Levant, By The Princes And Nobles Who Commanded In The Different Crusades Un Dertaken To Recover The Holy Land From The Saracens ; But This Supposition Seems In A Great ...

Tapir
Tapir, In Natural History, A Geniis Of Mammalia Of The Order Reflux. Generic Character : Ten Fore Teeth In Each Jaw ; Tusks In Both Jaws Single And Incurvated; Five Grinders On Each Side In Both Jaws ; Feet With Three Hoofs, And On The Fore Feet A False Hoof. ...

Tare
Tare, Is An Allowance For The Outside Package, That Contains Such Goods As Can Not Be Unpacked Without Detriment, Or For The Papers, Threads, Bands, &c. That Inclose Or Bind Any Goods Imported Loose; Or, Though Imported In Casks, Chests, &e. Yet Cannot Be Unpacked And Weighed Net. Several Sorts ...

Tartaric
Tartaric Acid, In Chemistry, Was Procured By Scheele In A Separate State In The Year 1770. The Process Which He Followed Was By Boiling A Quantity Of The Substance Called Tartar, Or Cream Of Tartar, In Water, And Adding Powdered Chalk Till; Effervescence Ceased, And The Liquid No Longer Reddened ...

Taste
Taste, Sense Of. The Senses Of Taste And Smell Are Nearly Allied To The Sense Of Feeling ; Indeed They May Be Considered As Modifications Of Feeling. They How Ever Are Properly Distinguished From It, Because They Have Each A Peculiar Organ, And Are Each Affected By Peculiar Proper Ties ...

Tears
Tears, A Name For The Limpid Fluid Secreted By The Lachrymal Glands, And Flowing On The Surface Of The Eye ; Either In Consequence Of Local Irritation, Or The Emotions Of Grief. Some Part Of This Aque Ous Fluid Is Dissipated In The Air ; But The Greatest Part, After ...

Telegraph
Telegraph, A Word Derived From The Greek, And Which Is Very Properly:giv En To An Instrument, By Means Of Which Information May Be Almost Instantaneous Ly Conveyed To A Considerable Distance. The Telegraph, Though It Has Been Gene Rally Known And Used By The Moderns Only For A Few Years, ...

Telescope
Telescope, An Optical Instrument, Which Is Used For Discovering And Viewing Distant Objects, Either Directly By Glasses, Or By Reflection. Telescopes Are Either Refracting Or Reflecting ; The Former Con Sist Of Different Lenses, Through Which The Objects Are Seen By Rays Refracted By Them To The Eye ; And ...

Teller
Teller, An Officer Of The Exchequer, In Ancient Records' Called Tallier : There Are Four Of These Officers, Whose Duty Is To Receive All Sums Due To The King, And To Give The Clerk Of The Pelts A Bill To Charge Him Therewith. They Likewise Pay All Money Due From ...

Tenaille
Tenaille, In Fortification, A Kind Of Outwork, Resembling A Hornwork, But Generally Somewhat Different; For, In Stead Of Two Demi-bastions, It Bears Only In,fi-ont A Angle Between The Same 'without Flanks"; And The Sides Are Parallel. Tenaille, Dotible Or Flank Ed, Is A Work Whose Front Consists Of Four Faces, ...

Tender
Tender, In Law, Is An Offer To Pay A Debt, Or Perform A Duty. This Is Often Pleaded In An Action As A Bar To The Plain Tiff's Recovery ; And Where The Money De Manded By The Plaintiff Has Been Tender Ed Or Offered To Him Before The Com ...

Tennis
Tennis, A Play At Which A Ball Is Dri Ven By A Racket, Which Requires Great Practice To Make A Good Player, "so That Nothing Can Be Done Without It ; All We Presume To Do Is, To Give An Insight Into The Game, By Which A Person May Not ...

Teredo
Teredo, In Natural History, Ship-worm, A Genus Of The Vermes Testaeea Class Rind Order. Animal A`terebella, With Two Calcareous Hemispherical Valves Before, And Two Lanceolate Ones Behind Shell Tapering, Flexuous, And Capable Of Pene Trating Wood. There Are Three Species. T. Navalis, Shell Very Thin, Cylindrical, Smooth ; Found ...

Termes
Termes, In Natural History, A-genus Of Insects Of The Order Aptera. Mouth With Two Horny Jaws ; Lip, Horny, Four-cleft, The Divisions Linear And Acute ; Four-feel Ers, Equal, Filiform ; Two Eyes. There Are Ten Species, In Two Sections : A. An Tenna Moniliform ; B. Antenna Setaceous. T. ...

Terms
Terms, Are Those Spaces Of, Time In Which The Courts Of Justice Are Open For All That Complain Of Wrongs Or Injuries, And Seek Their Rights By Course Of Law Or Action, In Order Their Redress, And During Which The Courts In Westminster Hall Sit And Give Judgment, &c. But ...

Terrestrial Globe
Terrestrial Globe. Peon. 1. "to Find The Latitude And Longitude Of Any Place." Bring The Place To The Graduated Side Of The First Meri Dian : Then The Degree Of The Meridian It Cuts Is The Latitude Sought ; And The De Gree Of The Under The Meri Dian,is The ...

Testudo
Testudo, The Tortoise, In Natural Tory, A Genus Of Amphibia Of The Order Reptiles. Generic Character : Body Tail Ed, Covered Above And Beneath, Defended By A Bony Covering, Covered By A Horny, Scaly, Or Coriaceous Integument ; A Bony Mouth, Without Distinct Teeth, And The Up Per Mandible Closing ...

Tetrad
Tetrad, In Natural History, A Genus Of Birds Of The Order Gallinx. Generic Cha Racter : Near Each Eye A Spot, Which Is Na Ked, Or Papillous, Or Slightly Covered With Feathers. Birds Of This Genus, Which, According To Gmelin, Comprehends The Grouse, The Partridge, And The Quail, Fol Low ...

Thales
Thales, In Biography, A Celebrated Greek Philosopher, And The First Of The Wise Men Of Greece, Born At Miletum About 640 Years Before The Christian Sera. When He Had Acquired The Usual Learning Of His Country, He Travelled Into Asia And Egypt, To Be Instructed In Geometry, As Tron3my, And ...

The Eye
The Eye. A Sensibility To The Impressions Of Light Is Common To All Those Animals, Which In A Natural State Are Exposed To This Element ; It Appears At Least Very Evidently To Exist In Some Of The Most Sim Ple Zoophytes, As The Armed Polypes (hy Dra :) But ...

The Method Op Printing
The Method Op Printing. The Workmen Employed In This Art Are Compositors And Pressmen. The First Are Those Persons Whose Business It Is To Range And Dispose The Letters Into Words, Lines, Pages, &c. The Pressmen Are Those Who, Properly Speaking, Are The Printers, As They Take Off The Impressions ...

The Rule For Casting
The Rule For Casting The Tonnage, In The Royal Navy, Is To Take The Length On A Straight Line :long The Lower Side Of The Rabbit Of The Keel, From A Perpendi Cular Or Square From The Back Of The Main Stern Post, At The Height Of The Wing-transom, To ...

The Teeth
The Teeth. The Jaws Of The Mammalia, With A Very Few Exceptions, Contain Teeth. The Pro Per Whales (balmna,) The Pangolin (ma Nis,) And The American Ant-eaters, Are The Only Genera Entirely Destitute Of These Organs. Animals Of The Genus Balmna (the Pro Per Whales) Have, Instead Of Teeth, The ...

The Use Oe Hadleys
The Use Oe' Hadley's Quadrant. For The Fore-observation. Bring The In Dex Close To The Bottom, So That The Mid Dle Of The Vernier's Scale, Or Nonius, Stand Against 0 Degrees. Hold The Plane Of The Instrument Vertical, With The Arch Downwards ; Look Through The Right-hand Hole In The ...

Thea
Thea, In Botany, Tea-tree, A Genus Of The Polyandria Monogyilia Class And Or Der. Natural Order Of Columniferx. Aurantia, Jussieu. Essential Character : Corolla Six Or Nine Petalled ; Calyx Five Or Six Leaved : Capsule Tricoccous. The Tea Plant Is A Native Of Japan, Chi Na, And Tonquin, And ...

Theingon Um
Theingon Um, In Botany, A Genus Of The Monoecia Polyandria Class And Order. Natural Order Of Scabridx. Urtic:e, Jus Sieu. Essential Character : Male, Calyx Bifid ; Corolla None ; Stamina Commonly Twelve : Female, Calyx Bifid; Corolla None ; Pieta One ; Capsule Coriaceoris, One-cell Ed, One-seeded. There Is ...

Thermometer
Thermometer, An Instrument For Measuring The Degree Of Heat Or Cold In Any Body. The First Fbrm Of This Instru Ment For Measuring The Degrees Of Heat And Cold, Was The Air Thermometer. It Is A Well Known Tact That Air Expands With Heat So As To Occupy More ...

Thistle
Thistle, Order Of The, Or Of St. Andrew, A Military Order Of Knighthood In Scot Land, The Rise And Institution Whereof Is Variously Related By Different Authors : Lesley, Bishop Of Ross, Reports, That The Night Before The Battle Between Athelstan, King Of Northumberland, And 'tungus, King Of The Picts, ...

Thomas Simpson
Simpson, (thomas,) In Biography, Professor Of Mathematics At The Royal Academy At Woolwich, Fellow Of The Roy Al Society, And Member Of The Royal Aca Demy, At Stockholm, Was Born At Market Bosworth, In Leicestershire, In 1710. His Father, A Stuff-weaver, Taught Him On Ly To Read English, And Brought ...

Thonschiefer
Thonschiefer, In Mineralogy, Slate, Is Divided Into Three Sub-species : 1. The Common Argillaceous Schistus, Which Is Composed Of Silex, Alumina, Oxide Of Iron, And Proportions Of Carbonated Lime And Magnesia : It Is Used For Covering Houses, And The Straight-foliated Bluish-grey Va Rieties Are Employed As Writing Slates : ...

Tides
Tides, Two Periodical Motions Of The Waters Of The Sea, Called The Flux And Re Flux, Or The Flow And Ebb. The Cause Of The Tides Is The Attraction Of The Sun And Moon, But Chiefly Of The Latter; The Waters Of The Immense Ocean, Forgetful, As It Were, Of ...

Tiie Body
Tiie Body. After Having Considered The Rise And Progress Of Anatomy ; The Various Disco. Veries That Have Been Made In It From Time To Dine ; The Great Number Of Dili Gent Observers Who Have Applied Them Selves To This Art; And The Importance Of The Study, Not Only ...

Tiiicfuia
Tiiicfuia, In Botany, A Genus 'of The Monoecia .tetrandria Class And Order. Natural Order Of Tricocue. Euphorbix, Jussieu. Essential Character : Male, Ca Lyx Four-leaved ; Corolla None ; Filaments Ovate ; Female, Calyx Five-leaved ; Corol La None ; Styles Conical ; Capsule Three Horned, Three-celled. There Is Only ...

Timber
Timber, Includes All Kinds Of Felled And Seasoned Woods. Of All The Different Kinds, Known In Europe, Oak Is The Best For Building; And Even When It Lies Expos Ed To Air And Water, There Is None Equal To It. Fir-timber Is The Next In Degree Of Goodness For Building, ...

Time
Time, A Succession Of Phenomena In The Universe ; Or A Mode Of Duration, Marked By Certain Periods Or Measures, Chiefly By The Motion And Revolution Of The Sun. The Idea Of Time, In The Gene Ral, Mr. Locke Observes, We Acquire By Considering Any Part Of Infinite Duration As ...

Time
Time Civil, Is The Former Time Accom Modated To Civil Uses, And 6.rraed And Distinguished Into Years, Mouths, Days, &c. , 'nun, In Music, Is An Affection Of Sound, Whereby We Denominate It Long Or Short, With Regard To' Its Continuance In The Same Degree Of Time. Tin, In Mineralogy, ...

Time_2
Time, Equation Of. The Nychthemeron Is Divided Into Twenty-four Parts, Called., Hours, Which Are Of Two Sorts, Equal And Unequal, Or Temporary. Different Nations Begin Their Day At A Different Hour : Thus The Egyptians Began Their Day At Midnight, From Whom Hippo Crates Introduced That Way Of Reckoning Into ...

Tion
Tion And Refraction. That Great Author Put It Past Doubt, That All Those Rays Which Are Reflected Do Not Really Touch The Body, Though They Approach It Infinitely Near; And That Those Which Strike On The Parts Of Solid Bodies Adhere To Them, And Are, As It Were, Ex Tinguished ...

Tipula
Tipula, In Natural History, Crane-h, A Genus Of Insects Of The Order Diptera. Mouth With A Very Short Membranaceous Proboscis, The Back Grooved And Receiv Ing A Bristle ; Two Feelers, Incurved, Fili Form, And Longer Than The Head ; The An Tenna Are Mostly Filiform There Are Near Ly ...

Titanium
Titanium, Is A Metal Of A Copper Red Colour, Very Difficult Of Fusion, Solu Ble In Muriatic Acid, From Which It May Be Precipitated By A Tincture Of Galls. This Metal Was Discovered In 1793, By Klaproth. He Obtained It From It Mineral Called Red Schorl. In This Mineral He ...

Tithes
Tithes, Are The Tenth Part Of The In Crease, Yearly, Arising And Renewing From The Profits Of Lands, The Stock Upon Lands, And The Personal Industry Of The Inhabi-. Tants. And Hence They Are Usually Divid Ed Into Three Kinds ; Praedial, Mixed, And Personal. Praedial Tithes, Are Such As ...

Tive
Tive. Optics, In Its More Extensive Accepta Tion, Is A Mixed Mathematical Science, Which Explains The Manner In Which Vi Sion Is Performed In The Eye ; Treats Of Sight In General ; Gives The Reasons Ofthe Several Modifications Or Alterations Which The Rays Of Light Undergo In The Eye ...