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Appendix Ii 305 Ter

training, prescribed, service, force, serve, county and territorial

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TER, APPENDIX II 305 the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act, 1907. In short the Volunteers and Yeomanry were disbanded and the Territorial Force—the new body created by that Act—substituted therefor.

County Associations.—An association, known as a County Association, is con stituted for each county, its powers and duties being the organisation and administration of the territorial force within its area, but without power to command or train. Amongst other duties it provides and maintains rifle ranges, buildings, sites for camp, and horses for peace requirements ; pays separation and other allowances to the families of men of the force when embodied or called out on actual military service ; and arranges with employers of labour as to holidays for training, and ascertains the times of training most suited to the circumstances of civil life. Its president nominates candidates for com missions. The associations receive from parliament the money required for their expenditure.

Government and discipline of the force.—A man enlisted into the force must serve in a corps of the county for which he enlists for such period as may be prescribed, not exceeding four years, reckoned from the date of his attestation. Within twelve months before the end of his current term of service he may re-enlist for a like period. He may be discharged before the end of his current term of service on complying with the following conditions : (i) Giving to his commanding officer three months' notice in writing, or such less notice as may be prescribed, of his desire to be discharged ; and (ii) Paying for the use of the association for the county for which he was enlisted such sum as may be prescribed, not exceeding five pounds ; and (iii) Delivering up in good order, fair wear and tear only excepted, all arms, clothing, and appointments, being public property, issued to him, or, in case where for any good and sufficient cause such delivery is impossible, on paying the value thereof. These con ditions may be dispensed with, either wholly or in part, where the reasons for discharge are of sufficient urgency or weight. He may, of course, be dis charged for misconduct, but in such case he has a right of appeal to the Army Council. No one may enlist, or be concerned in the enlistment, of a man who

has been discharged or dismissed with disgrace from any part of His Majesty's forces or the Navy without declaring the circumstances of the discharge or dismissal. The general obligation of a member of the force is to serve only in the United Kingdom, but he may, voluntarily only, subject himself to the liability—(a) to serve in any place outside the United Kingdom ; or (b) to be called out for actual military service for purposes of defence at such places in the United Kingdom as may be specified in an agreement, whether the Territorial Force is embodied or not.

During the first year of his original enlistment a man mu.* ..auergo such preliminary training, in addition to the ordinary and annual training and drills, as may be prescribed by Order in Council. The annual training comprises in general—(a) a training for not less than eight nor more than fifteen, or in the case of.the mounted branch, eighteen days in every year ; (b) attendance at the prescribed number of drills, and fulfilment of the other conditions relating to training prescribed for the particular arm or branch of the service. A penalty, not exceeding £5, may be recovered from one who, without reason able excuse, makes default in attendance at his training or drills.

Civil rights and exemptions.—The acceptance of a commission does not vacate the seat of a member of parliament. An officer or man is not liable to a penalty or punishment in respect of an absence for the purpose of voting at a par liamentary election, and he cannot be compelled to serve as a peace-officer or parish officer or on a jury. A field officer cannot be required to serve in the office of high sheriff. Officers and men of the force are subject to military law when—(a) being trained or exercised ; (b) when attached to, or otherwise acting with, any regular forces ; (c) when embodied ; and (d) when called out for actual military service for purposes of defence in pursuance of any agreement.

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