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Business Encyclopedia and Legal Adviser

Printing
Printing : How To Prepare Matter For The Press. -- A Time Conies In Most Businesses When Printed Matter Is Necessary, And An Idea Of What Is Wanted In This Direction Has To Be Indicated For The Printer. Chiefly Because Of His Lack Of Technical Knowledge, The Business Man Has ...

Private
Private Ledger.—under The System Of Bookkeeping By Double Entry, The Ledger Must Be Looked Upon As The Dominant Book, That Is The Book The Results Of All Transactions Are "focussed," If The Word May Be Permitted. In The Early Of The Art Of Bookkeeping It Is Probable That One Ledger ...

Probation Of
Probation Of Problem Of Staying The Development Of The Criminal Class Has Now For Some Years Been The Subject Of Attention By The Public, The Administrators Of The Law, And The Legislature. Several Attempts At Solution Have Been Made, As, For Instance, By The Youthful Offenders Act, 1901 ; But ...

Profit And
Profit And A Man Is Engaged In Business, His Profits For The Year Are The Excess Of His Receipts From His Business During The Year Over His Outlay For His Business ; The Difference Between The Value Of His Stock And Plant At The End And At The Beginning Of ...

Promissory
Promissory Promissory Note Is Defined By The Bills Of Exchange Act, 1882, As " An Unconditional Promise In Writing Made By One Person To Another Signed By The Maker, Engaging To Pay, On Demand Or At A Fixed Or Determinable Future Time, A Sum Certain In Money, To, Or To ...

Promotion
Promotion : How To Secure It.—how To Secure Promotion ? Do Just As Much Work As You Possibly Can. Take Every Interest In The Business. Stand Up Steadfastly For Your Employer, Even When You See Younger Men Advanced Over Your Head. To Secure Promotion You Must Constantly Increase Your Employer's ...

Prospective Buyers
Prospective Buyers : How To Approach Representatives Who Have Occasion To Call Upon A Great Number Of " New " Prospective Purchasers, Often Pay Insufficient Attention To Their Method Of Approaching A Business Man For The First Time. If A First Interview Results In Failure, It Is Seldom Easy To ...

Prospectus And Financial
Prospectus And Financial Advertise A Prospectus Thoroughly And Well, The Work Should Be Done Through The Medium Of A Respectable Advertising Contractor. Actual Experience Has Shown That When Companies Are Advertised Direct With The Newspapers, Dismal Fiascoes Are Usually The Result. In Addition To This, The Contractor, Who Devotes His ...

Protection And Free
Protection And Free Commercial Country Such As The -united Kingdom Is Deeply Interested In The Subject Of Its Foreign Trade—its Imports And Exports. In Connection With That Trade A Number Of Important Questions Are For Ever Being Debated, And Perhaps The Most Important Of These Is Whether The Present Policy ...

Publicity
Publicity Volume Of General Advertising Has Become So Great And Its Manipulation So Intricate That It Has Called Into Being A New Profession—that Of The Advertising Expert. There Are Few Qualified Adver Tising Men Who Use The Title " Expert," As To A Certain Extent It Has Been Very Greatly ...

Punctuality
Punctuality : How To Enforce It.—many Employers Of Labour Are Particular To Ensure Punctuality In Their Works Where The Workmen Are Paid By The Hour And By The Day, And In Cases Where They Are Paid By The Piece— The Importance Of This Being Evident From The Beginning. The Same ...

Railway
Railway Pires.—by The Railway Fires Act, 1905, The Liability Of A Rail Way In Respect To Fires Caused By Sparks Is Greatly Extended. The Act Provides That After The 1st Of January 1908 Where Any Damage Is Caused To Agri Cultural Land Or Crops By Fire, From Sparks Or Cinders ...

Railway
Railway Clerkships.—there Is A Tale Told Amongst Railwaymen Of A Certain General Manager Who Commenced His Career As A Van-bov. It Is Said Of Him That After A Few Months' Service In This Humble Position He Secured A Junior Clerkship, And Continued Gradually To Evolve Till He Eventually Became The ...

Railway And Canal Commission
Railway And Canal Commission Is The Title Given By The Railway And Canal Traffic Act, 1888, To A Court Of Record, Consisting Of Two Appointed And Three Ex Officio Commissioners, To Which The Jurisdiction Of The Former Railway Commissioners Was By That Act Transferred. The Two " Appointed " Commissioners ...

Rating And Local
Rating And Local Taxation.*—a " Rate " Is Popularly, As Well As Technically, Understood As Referring To A "local" Tax As Distinguished From An "imperial' Tax, The Different Terms "rate" And "tax" Otherwise Meaning The Same Thing. A Rate, Or Tax, Has Been Defined As" An Obligatory Contribution By Persons ...

Reconstruction
Reconstruction Of A Company Is A Method Frequently Adopted In Order To Extend Or Alter Its Objects Or To Obtain Further Working Capital. Unless The Company Has Power Under Its Memorandum To Sell All Its Assets As A Going Concern To Another Company, And To Take Payment Therefor In Cash ...

Recovery Of Small
Recovery Of Small Tenements.—special Summary Proceed Ings Are Available To A Landlord Who Desires To Effect The Ejectment Of A Tenant Of Premises Which Are Let At A Rent Not Exceeding £50 Per Annum. He May Proceed Either In A County Court, Or, If The Rent Does Not Exceed ,e2o, ...

Registration Of
Registration Of Is Commonly Recognised That Considerable Mortality And A Vast Deal Of Ill-health, As Well As Many Domestic Discomforts, Are Due To Defective And Insanitary Plumbing Work ; And There Is, Consequently, A Consensus Of Public, Official, And Professional Opinion As To The Desirability Of Bringing Plumbers Under Statutory ...

Regulations
Regulations. By Virtue Of The Powers Conferred On Me By The Fifth Section Of The Loco Motives On Highways Act, 1896, I Hereby Make The Following Regulations For The Keeping And Use Of Petroleum For The Purposes Of Light Locomotives. Save As Herein Provided The Provisions Of The Petroleum Acts ...

Release 5 Reconvevance
(5) Reconvevance, Release, Discharge, Surrender, Rhj3iir.• Render, Warrant To Vacate, Or Renunciation Of Any Such Security As Aforesaid, Or Of The Benefit Thereof, Or Of The Money Thereby Secured : For Every £100, And Also For Any Fractional Part Of £100, Of The Total Amount Or Value Of The Money ...

Remitted
Remitted Action Is Said To Be " Remitted" When, Having Been Commenced In The High Court, It Has Been Ordered By A Judge Of That Court To Be Tried In A County Court. The Object Is To Save The Time And Expense Usually Incident To A Trial In The High ...

Rents
Rents Of Three Different Kinds May Be Noticed Here. There Is First The Rent Payable To A Landlord Under A Lease (whatever The Length Of The Term May Be), Or A Written Agreement For A Lease Or Tenancy, Or A Verbal Tenancy Agreement. This Is Rent Most Usually Met With ...

Report Of
Report Of Cargo.—every Ship Which Brings A Cargo To A Port In The United Kingdom, Unless It Is Merely Calling There For Bunker Coal, Must Be Reported At The Customs House Within Twenty-four Hours Of Arrival. And This Requirement Applies To A Ship Calling At A Port For Stores And ...

Reserves And Reserve
Reserves And Reserve " Reserve Fund " May Be Defined As " The Amount By Which The Assets Of A Concern Exceed The Sum Of Its Paid-up Capital And Liabilities." A " Reserve," On The Other Hand, Is " A Provision For A Known Or Expected Liability Or Loss." If ...

Rest
Rest. See Reserves And Reserve Funds. Retail Advertising Is In A Class By Itself, And Should Be Studied And Administered By Diffiirent Methods Than Those Of The National Or Wholesale Advertiser Or The Mail Order Advertiser. The Difference In Retail Advertising Is Not So Much That The Retail Advertiser Has ...

Restraint Of
Restraint Of Trade.—when A Man Enters Into A Contract Whereby He Limits His General Freedom To Trade Or Pursue A Particular Occupation, That Contract Is Said To Be " In Restraint Of Trade." Such A Contract Must Be In Writing, Made For A Valuable Consideration, And Reason Able In Its ...

Retail Advertising
Retail Advertising: Disadvantages.—with The Growing Success Of Large Advertisers, Particularly Advertisers Who Direct Stores Or Mail-order Campaigns, The Smaller Trader Has Of Late Given A Great Deal Of Attention To The Problem Of Local Advertising. Many Advertising Experts Look Over Local Journals And Pick Out The Announcements Of Traders In ...

Retail Shop
Retail Shop Average Shopkeeper Is Not Usually Prone To Pay Any Great Attention To The Subject Of Accounts, For Many Reasons, Chief Among Which May Be Instanced The Fact That He Rarely Comprehends The Necessity For Any Systematic Accounting Methods In Connection With His Business, Or If He Does Happen ...

Retail Store
Retail Store Secret Of The Organisation Of A Big Store Is Never Quite Realised By The Outside Public Until They Know The Actual Position And Duties Of The Buyer. The Word Itself Is Not Very Illumi Nating, And One Is Apt To Regard The Buyer As A Man Whose Duties ...

Retail Trade
Retail Trade : Causes Of Business Men Who Begin Their Careers Successfully Complain That As Time Goes On They Have A Difficulty In Holding Their Places In The Business World, And Their Chief Grievance Is That Competition Is Too Strong For Them. This Is Particularly So Amongst The Great Army ...

Rhodesia
Rhodesia Is Administered By The British South Africa Company. A Royal Charter Was Granted To This Company On The 29th Of October 1889, The Principal Commercial Objects Being The Extension Northwards Of The Railway And Telegraph Systems Of Cape Colony, The Encouragement Of Emigration And Colonisation, The Promotion Of Trade ...