PASREVITCH, IVAN FEODOROVITC11, Count of Erivan, Prince of Warsaw, and a Rus tier' tield-marshal, was b. at Poltava, May 19, 1782. He was descended from a Polish family, and was at first a page to the czar Paul, but entered the army, and served in the campaign in 1805, which was ended by the defeat of Austerlitz; and then against the Turks. He took a prominent part in the campaign of 1812, and several times defeated the French under Eug,ene, Ney, and St. Cyr; he was also present at Leipsie and the conflicts under the walls of Paris. In 1825 he was appointed commauder-in-chief against the Persians, whom he completely defeated. conquering Persian Armenia, taking Erivan, and ending the war by the peace of Turkmanshai (q.v.), a peace exceedingly favorable to Russia, In recompense for these sere ices he was created count of Erivan, and received a grant of 1,000,000 rubles (1158,600). In 1828 and 1829 be made two campaigns against the Turks in Asia, signalized by the taking of KM'S, Erzerum, and other important provinces, and terminated by the treaty of 'Adrianople in 1829. In 1831, Paskeviielt, non' a field-marshal, was appointed viceroy of Poland, put an end to the revolt within three months after his appointment, and reconstructed the administration on the basis of a complete incorporation with Russia. Such was the vigor and severity of his rule that
the eventful year of 1848 passed over without any attempt at revolution. When Russian intervention in Hungary had been resolved upon, Paskevitell, though now 67 years of age, marched into that country at the head of 200,000 men, and, after a junction with the Austrians, defeated the Hungarians in several battles, and by mere force of numbers crushed out the last spark of insurrection. The 50th anniversary of his military service was celebrated at Warsaw, ht 1850, with the utmost rejoicings, and on this occasion the sovereigns of Austria and Prussia conferred on him the rank of field-marshal in their respective armies. In 1854 he unwillingly took the command of the Russian army on the Danube; but fortune. which had hitherto invariably smiled upon him, deserted him at Silistria; and after undergoing a succession of sanguinary repulses, and being himself grievously wounded, he withdrew his army, and resigning the command retired to 'Warsaw, where he fell into a state of profound melancholy, and died Jan. 29, 1836.