SALAAM' (Selcirit, Arab. = Heb. Shalom, peace), the general term of salutation among the Mohammedans. They are generally very formal iu their social manners*, although their demeanor and conversation are unrestrained enough, both among men and women. Several of their social usages in this respect are founded upon religious precepts; among these is the custom of greeting each other with the words: "Es-seldom aleikum• (Peace be with you), which is answered by: " With you he peace, and the mercy or God, and his blessings!" , This salutation is neither to be addressed to nor to be received From any non-Mohammedan. The reply, when one' Moslem salutes another, is oGligatory, While the address itself is rather arbitrary. Should the sainted refuse to reply, tnen the Other may revoke his salutation, as he does in the case of his discovery that the person ftluted is not a true believer, with the words: "Peace be on us and mi all the righteous Worshipers of God." Generally the rider salutes the person on font, the passer-by pulse who sit down or stand still; the smaller party salutes the large:, the young the bide; etc. Salutation is to b3 the first and the last thing on entering a house. Tne fol
is 11m rising scale of the different modes of obeisance with tinfMoshan: 1. Placing the right hand upon the breast; 2. Touching the lips and the forehead or turban (or fore head and turban only) with the right hand; 3. Doing the same, but slightly inclining the head during that action; 4. The same. but inclining the body also; 5. the same, pre viously touching the' ground with the right hand; 6. Kissing the hand of the person to whom the obeisance is paid; 7. Kissing his 8. Kissing the •skirt of his clothing; 9. Kissing his feet; 10. Kissing the ground. This, however, is t > be understood (again t De Sacy) as merely touching the ground previous to touching the lips and forehead with the right hand. The first five too les are acconmanie 1 by the "Peace be with you," and the reply given above. The sixth triple is observed by servants or•upils to their master, wife to husband, and children to father, and sometimes mother, by the young to the aged, and the less learned to the learned and pious (Lane, .:Votes to ilra5. Nights, etc.).