THIERRY, JACQUES NICHOLAS AUGUSTIN, an eminent French• historian, was horn at Blois, May 10, 1795. He received his education in the normal school of his native town, and became a teacher in a provincial school. In 1814 he resigned this charge, came to Paris, and published his first work, entitled De la Morganisation de la Europeenne. In this treatise he considers the practicability of having one government for the whole of Europe. preserving at the same time the nationality of each people_ Adopting the views of St. Simon, Thierry became the assistant of that philosopher, in which capacity he worked for three years. In 1817 he joined Comte and Dunoyer f. as editors of the Censeur Europeen, in which he wrote many articles, literary, political, ; and historical. In 1820 he became engaged on the Courrier Francais, in which he pub lished his Dix Lettres sur Histoire de France. He now began to addict himself almost exclusively to historical writing. Having given up the Courrier, lie published his mas terpiece, L'Histoire de la Conquete d'Angleterre par les in 1835, and his Lettres sur Histoire (1827), works which had great success; but his success was dearly bought, as the necessary labor seems to have ruined the eyesight of the author. Becoming quite
blind in 1830, he went in that year in to Hyeres for the benefit of his health. Here he met Julie de Querengal, an authoress of considerable repute, whom lie married in the following year. He seems to have been able partially to resume work about this time, and in 1835 he published his .Dix ans d'Etudes Historiques, the introduction to which is one of the most eloquent of his works. In 1840 appeared his Reeds des Temps _Vero vingiens, which work gained the great Gobert prize. The preface gives an interesting and eloquent account of the history of his own literary labors. His last publication was the Essai sur l'Histoire de la Formation et de Progres du Tiers Etat, in 1853. The author died May 22, 1856 his wife having predeceased him in 1844. During his life Thierry enjoyed the success and popularity due to his industry and talents. His careful research has thrown much light on the early ages of which he has written, and dispelled much popular error regarding them. He is second to no French historian of the present day.