BLANE. Sir GILBERT, a distinguished physician, was b. at Blanefield, Ayrshire, Aug. 29, 1749. He studied at Edinburgh university, and afterwards became private physician to lord Rodney, whom in that capacity he accompanied in 1780, when Rodney assumed the command of the West Indian squadron. On one occasion, when all the officers were wounded, I3.'s bravery was so conspicuous, that lord Rodney immediately obtained for him the appointment of physician to the fleet. In 1765, he was elected physician to St. Thomas's hospital. London. having previously been appointed physieian extraordi nary to the prince of Wales. In 1795, he was chosen head of the navy medical board, and was greatly instrumental in introducing the use of lemon-juice, so effective in pre ventive scurvy, into every vessel in time navy; and in many other ways he was active in promoting measures for the prevention or remedy of diseases on board ship. In 1800.,
he was employed to report on the cause of the unhealthiness of the Walcheren army, and the following year he was sent to inquire into the expediency of establishing a naval arsenal and dockyard at Northfleet. In 1812, he had a baronetcy conferred upon him, and in the same year the prince regent made him his physician in ordinary. When the duke of Clarence ascended the throne as William IV. in 1830, he made B., then 81 years old, his first physician. B. died June 26th. 1834. He published several valuable works, characterized by varied knowledge and originality of thought, the most popular and useful of which are, Observations oa the _Diseases of Seamen, a lecture on Nuseular Motion, and E'ements of Medical Logic.
liLAN•.S, a t. of Spain, in the province of Gerona. and 22 m. s. of the city of that name, with a port on the Mediterranean. Pop. 5000.