BELLA.Y, JOACHIM nu, 1524-60; an eminent French poet. His youth was humble. and he was unknown until, at the age of 24, he met Ronsard, when a mutual friendship at once began. He joined the six poets who, under Dorat, were forming the " ' a society for the creation of a French school of renaissance poetry, and Bellay's first contribution was a prose volume, the Defense and Illustrations ef the French Language. 'a remarkably strong piece of criticism. A year later he published the Bernell de Pdesie. and a collection of love sonnets in the manner of Petrarch In 18,50, 13. was sent to Rome, where he fell in love with n married lady, and to much of his best poetry. At last he won her, and his Latin poems end in rapturous delight. He was to France and made a canon in Notre Dame, Paris. Thenceforward his brief life was one of social trouble but of literary activity. Finally, in 1560, when just nomi nated to be archbishop of Bordeaux, he suddenly died, and was buried in Notre Dame. Like Ronsard, he was very deaf. 13. was long called the French Ovid. Spenser trans lated many of his sonnets iuto English.
Casmaryneleus earunculata, a bird found in some of the warm parts of South America, remarkable for the metallic resonance of its cry, which resembles the tolling of a bell, with pauses varying from a minute to several minutes. This bird belongs to a genus nearly allied to the cotingas (q.y.)'and waxwings (q.v.), but charac terized by a very broad and much depressed - bill, soft and flexible nt the base, and hard towards the extremity. It is about the size of a jay; the male is of snaw-white and from his forehead rises a strange tubular appendage, which, when empty. is pendu lous. but which can he filled with air lora communication from the palate, and then rises erect to the height of nearly 3 inches. I le generally takes his place on the top of a lofty tree, and his tolling can be heard to the distance of 3 miles. It resounds through the forest, not only at morning and evening, but also at midday, when the heat of the blazing sun bus imposed silence on almost ever•other creature.