BAYARD, PIERRE nu TERRAIL, Chevalier, the knight sans pear et sans reprodie, b. 1476, at Castle Bayard,: near Grenoble, was perhaps the only hero of the middle ages who deserved the umningled praise and admiration bestowed upon him. Simple, modest, a sterling friend and tender lover, pious, humane, and magnanimous, he held together in rare symmetrical union the whole circle of the virtues. After acting as page to the duke of Savoy, Bayard entered the service of Charles VIII., whom he accom panied to Italy, and gained renown in the battle of Verona. where he took a standard from the enemy. At the beginning of the reign of Louis NIL, Bayard was engaged in a battle near Milan, where lie followed the defeated and retreating forces with such impetuosity that he entered the city with them, and was made a prisoner, but the duke Ludovico Sforza released him without ransom. At Barletta, in 1502, Bayard, with ten other }Tench cavaliers, fought a tournament with an equal number of Spaniards, in order to decide their respective claims to superiority; and although seven Frenchmen were overthrown in the first charge, the result, chiefly through Bayard'a bravery, after a six hours' combat, was declared equal. Next, we find hits fighting bravely in Spain, and against the Genoese and Venetians. When pope Julius II. declared war against France, Bayard hastened to support the duke of Ferrara; but failed in his scheme for making the pope a prisoner. Subsequently, he won fresh laurels in Spain. In the war with Henry VIII. of England—who had threatened Picardy, and besieged Teronane, in 1513—when the French, on one occasion, were about to lay down their arms, Bayard made a sudden attack on an English officer, and, pointing his sword at his breast, saki: "surrender, or I take your life." The Englishman gave his sword to Bayard, who
returned his own, saying: " I am Bayard. your prisoner; and you are mine." The emperor and the king of England exchanged their prisoners without any demand of ransom for Bayard. When Francis I. had ascended the throne, Bayard was sent into Dauphine to make a way for the army over the Alps and through Piedmont. In this expedition, he made Prosper Colonna a yrisoner. Next, Bayard gained, at Marignano, a victory for the king, who, in consequence, submitted to receive the honor of knight hood from Bayard. When Charles V. broke into Champagne, at the head of a large army, Bayard defended Mezieres against all assaults, and on his entry into Paris, he was hailed as the saviour of his country, was made knight. of the order of St. Michael, and appointed over a company of 100 men, led in his own name, an honor which until then had been confined to princes of the blood-royal. He was slain by an arrow from an arquebuss, while crossing the Sesia, April 30, 1524. So highly was he esteemed for all noble qualities, that his death was lamented not only by the French king and nation, but also by his enemies. His love of virtue, especially of that kingliest of virtues, justice. was so passionate, that lie was wont to declare that all empires, kingdoms, and prov inces where justice did not rule, were mere forests filled with brigands. His body was taken by the enemy, but was restored to France, and interred in the church of the t1ino rites' monastery, near Grenoble.