AUZOUX, THEODORE Louts, b. France, 1797; an anatomist and physician. He was known as the inventor of the method of Making permanent models of anatomical prep arations in papier maekie, the special advantages of which are: lightness and strength of material; enlargement of minute parts; colors after nature: and the ease with Which models may be dissected and put together in the smallest particulars. In he completed his invention and established a manufactory at SL Aubin. He has received many prizes up to the cross of the legion of honor. Some years ago he lec tured, using his own models in illustration. He is the author of several works on surgi cal and medical themes.
AVA, a ruined city of Burmah, of which it has repeatedly been the capital, the honor having been transferred again and again between it and INIonchobo, Sagaing, Amara pure, and Mandalay, the present capital. It stands in lat. 21° 51' n., long. 05' 58' e., on
the bank of the Irawaddy, here about 4000 ft. broad. The river at this point receives two affluents, and these being joined by a canal, the city is rendered circumnavigable. The name is a Hindu and Malay corruption of Aeogwa or Aaen-ua, meaning flak-pone, given it from being built where there were formerly fish-ponds, of which some still remain; but in official documents it is designated as Ratnapura, i.e., city of pearls.. The city, which was 8 or 10 in. in circumference, was surrounded by walls and ditches. A. Is now almost a desert, having been reduced to ruins by an earthquake in 1839.—On the opposite bank stands Saving, which has twice been the seat of government. The united pop. of the three cities of A., Sagaing, and Amarapura was at one time esti mated at 400,000.