ESTERHAZY, an ancient Hungarian family, afterwards raised to the rank of princes of the empire, the representative of which is at present the richest landed proprietor in Austria. The family divided into three main branches—the Esesznek, Aliso111 or Zol yom, and Forchtenstein lines. A descendant of the last family, Nicholas de E., born. in 1765, traveled over a great part of Europe, and resided for a considerable time in England, France, and Italy. He founded the splendid collection of pictures at Vienna. He also made a choice collection of drawings and engravings. When Napoleon, in 1809, entertained the notion of weakening Austria by the separation of Hungary, he made overtures to prince E. respecting the crown of Hungary, which, however, were declined. The great Haydn composed most of his works at the court of prince Nicholas. His son, prince Paul Anton d'E., born in 1786, entered at an early age on a diplomatic
career. After the peace of Vienna, he went as ambassador to the court of Westphalia. From 1815 to 1818, he represented the Austrian government at London. He filled the same office between 1830 and 1838, and distinguished himself by his diplomatic tact and ability. In 1842, he returned home, and continued to exert himself in the cause of political and literary progress. In Mar., 1848, he became minister of foreign affairs, in the cabinet presided over by Batthyani; but when the struggle between Austria and Hungary broke out, he exhibited more prudence than heroism by retiring from public affairs altogether.. He died in 1866. The hereditary prince, Nicholas Paul Charles E., born 25th June, 1817, married lady Sarah Villiers, daughter of the earl of Jersey.