HENDERSON, EBENEZER, 1784-1858; a Scotch dissenting minister, and a prolific miscellaneous writer. He accompanied the rev, John Paterson to India (1803). and as the East India company would not allow British vessels to convey missionaries to India, Henderson and his colleague were forced to go to Denmark and await the chance of a passage to Serampore. Being delayed, they decided to remain where they were, and liendergon was fixed at Elsinore, and devoted himself to the distribution of Bibles in the Scanninavian countries. In the course of his labors he visited Sweden and Lapland, Iceland, Denmark, and Germany. A greater part of the time he acted as agent for the British and Foreign Bible society. In 1818 he accompanied Dr. Paterson through Russia as far as Tiflis, and in 1822 was asked by prince Galetzen to assist in translating the Scriptures into the various languages spoken in the Russian empire. Returning to England after 20 years foreign labor, Henderson was appointed tutor of the Mission college, Gosport. lie succeeded Dr. Harrison, 1830, as professor of oriental languages
in Higithury Congregational 'e011ege; which position he retained until 1850, when he was forced to resign on account of his infirmities. His last work was a translation of the book of Ezekiel. Ilis linguistic attainments were very great; he made himself acquainted not only with the ordinary languages of scholarship, but also with Hebrew, Syraic, Ethiopian, Russian, Arabic, Tartar, Persie, Turkish, Armenian, Manchoo, 31on goliau, and Coptic. The first Bible society in Denmark was organized by him, 1814; he was associated both with the London religious tract society and the society for the propagation of the Gospel among the Jews. He published an account of his travels in Iceland, and amongst many other works was the author of Biblical Research and Trarel in Russia, Dicine Inspiration, and the annotations of many of the Scriptures.