JUNOT, ANDOCIIE, Duke of Abrantes, and Marshal of France, was b. Oct. 22, 1771, at Bussy-le-Grand, in Cote-d'Or, entered the army as a volunteer in 1792, and distin guished himself in the early wars of the republic. In 1798 lie followed Napoleon to Egypt, was there created gen. of brigade, and particularly distinguished himself at Nazareth, where, at the head of 300 cavalry, he put to flight 10.000 Turks, after a con flict of fourteen hours' duration. In 1807 he was appointed to the command of the army of Portugal. His army, after undergoing dreadful privations, reached Lisbon, and Junot, with the greatest expedition, made himself master of all the strong places in the king dom, and reorganized his army. For his brilliant conduct at this time he was created duke of Abrantes, and appointed governor of Portugal; but being defeated by Welling ton at Vimieira he concluded a convention at Cintra, returned to France, and subse quently served in Germany, Spain, Portugal, and Russia. In 1812 he was disgraced by
Napoleon for a supposed want of energy, and sent to govern Illyria. This. along with other causes, produced mental derangement. He was taken to his father's house at Montbard, near Dijon, and two hours after his arrival precipitated himself from a win dow (July 22, 1813), and fractured his thigh-hone. Amputation was performed, hut Junot frantically tore off the bandages, and died some days afterwards.—His wife, LAL'UE PEttitoN, the celebrated duchess of Abrantes, has gained a reputation in the literary world by her Mentoires on Souvenirs Historigues sur la Rvolution, le Direetoire, lc Consulat, l'Ernpire, et la Restauration (Paris, 1801-35), and by several minor works.