KENIUCK. FRANCIS PATRICK, D.D., 1797-1863; b. Dublin; was sent in 1815 to Rome, where he studied two years at the house of the Laza•ists and four years in the college of the Pritparranda; was ordained a Roman Catholic priest in 1821, and hume diately came to the United States to take charge of an ecclesiastical seminary about to be started at Bardstown, Ky., which he conducted for nine years. In 1828 be pub lished Letters of Omicron to Omega., in defense of the Roman Catholic doctrine of the eucharist in reply to Dr. Blackburn, of Danville college. In 1830 he was consecrated bishop of Arath in, partibus, and made coadjutor to bishop Connell, of Philadelphia, whom he succeeded in 1842. In the anti-papal riots in Philadelphia he prevented, by his wisdom and firmness, retaliatory acts on the part of his people. He founded the theological seminary of St. Charles Borromeo in Philadelphia. In 1851 he was appointed by the pope archbishop .of Baltimore and "apostolic delegate" to preside over the first
plenary council of the United States held at Baltimore in May, 1852, and iu 1859 the " primacy of honor" was conferred upon him and his successors, giving them prece dence over all Roman Catholic prelates in the United States. He published, in 1837, letters Oa the Primacy of the Holy See and the Authority of General Councils in reply to bishop Hopkins, of Vermont. His most celebrated works are his Latin treaties, 2heo logia Dogmatica, 4 vols., and Theologia Moralls, 3 vols., which are used as text-books in nearly all the Roman Catholic seminaries. At the time of his death he was engaged in revising the English translation of the Scriptures with copious notes. He was a vigor ous writer, an acute controversialist, and able biblical critic. During the rebellion hr was thoroughly loyal to the Union.