DIX, JOHN ADAMS, an American statesman and soldier; born in Boscawen, N. H., July 24, 1798. He was educated at Salisbury, Phillips Exeter Academy, the College of Montreal, and St. Mary's College. In 1812 he was appointed cadet in the United States Army, and in 1813, ensign. He took part in the oper ations on the Canadian frontier during the War of 1812; afterward studied law and was admitted to the bar in Washing ton. In 1826 he was sent as a special messenger to the court of Denmark. He resigned from the army in 1828, and be gan practicing law in Cooperstown, N. Y. Later he was Secretary of State and Ad jutant-General of New York, and was prominently associated with the "Albany Regency," the controlling power of the Democratic party. In 1841 he was elected to the State Assembly, and in 1845-1849 was a United States Senator. In 1861 he was appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President Buchanan, and his appointment led to the breaking of a financial deadlock in the affairs of the government. When he became secretary
there were two revenue cutters at New Orleans, and he ordered them to New York. The captain of one refused to obey his order, and Dix telegraphed to put him under arrest, adding the state ment which has made him famous, "If any one attempts to haul down the Amer ican flag, shoot him on the spot." At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was elected president of the Union Defense Committee, and organized 17 regiments. He was commissioned a Major-General of volunteers, and through his active meas ures saved Maryland to the Union cause. He was elected governor of New York in 1872, but was defeated on a renomination in 1874. He died in New York City, April 21, 1879.