ROHAN, LOUIS RENE tDOTJARD, PRINCE DE, Cardinal-Archbishop of Strasburg; born in 1734. He became co adjutor to his uncle in the see of Stras burg, and afterward his successor; was sent in 1772 as ambassador to Vienna, where he displayed the most ridiculous luxury, but vainly sought to obtain the favor of the Empress Maria Theresa. As coadjutor he had ceremonially received the Princess Marie Antoinette on her en trance into France. On the death of Louis XV. he returned to Paris, and for 10 years bent all his energies and efforts to winning the favor of the queen, but all in vain. Nevertheless he had mean while become, in spite of his known pro fligacy, Archbishop, Grand-Almoner, Car dinal and Commendator of St. Vaast of Acres, one of the richest benefices in France. Associate of the quack Cag liostro, and of the infamous Madame La motte, he was duped by a forged letter with the signature of the queen, and in duced to buy of Boehmer, the court jeweler, the now too celebrated diamond necklace, in the name of the queen. The
necklace was placed in the hands of Madame Lamotte, forged autograph mes sages from the queen followed, and an interview in the park of Versailles, be tween the cardinal and a fair adventuress personating the queen. On the discovery of the fraud, Rohan was summoned be fore the king, answered vaguely and un satisfactorily, and was arrested and im prisoned in the Bastile, Aug. 15, 1785. After a year's proceedings he was ac quitted and released, but at the same time exiled from the court, and deprived of his grand-almonership. He was deputy to the States-General in 1789; was after ward accused of various disloyal intrigues and maladministration; gave up his see in 1801, and died in 1803.