CARNIVORA. Ursus Malayanus. Larynx : H. 1.55. Thyroid : wings unite at an obtuse angle ; tubercle in menial plane a ( fig. 900), to which the epiglottis is attached ; margins, superior ascending upwards, inferior ex cavated in front as far as the tubercles b (fig. 900). Cornua : superior short ; inferior very long. Cricoid : superior margin inclined upwards, with a notch in front, by which the body is nearly cut through ; inferior con cave in front ; lateral parietes held together by a transverse ligament. Arytenoids rhom boidal, between which are the sesamoids, d d, furnished with small muscles to approximate them. Cart. Cuneiform and C. Santorini pre sent. Epiglottis broad ; apex obtuse. Vo cal ligaments : inferior inclined upwards to the place of the superior, separated by a transverse groove. L. 0'833, or nearly equal those of man.
Ursus Arctos. See Wolff.
Syriac Bear. See Brandt.
Viverra Arasua. — Thyroid : wings united at an obtuse angle. Cricoid semitransparent.
side. Arytenoids as in L. Mongoz. Cuneiform cart. absent. Sesamoid oblong b ( fig. 898). C. of Santorini triangular. lnterarticular cart.
Epiglottis, oval but not large. Cart. of San torini absent.
Epiglottis broad. L. 0.375 in. Voice more acute than in woman.
alleles Europe:ea.—Thyroid: margins notched in front. Cr:co-thyroid chink triangular. Ary tenoids small. Epiglottis triangular. Ven tricles deep, leading to two sacs, one of which lies under the root of the tongue, the other between the thyroid and cricoid cartilages.* Mustafa Furo. See Wolf Ventricles lead to sacs.
Lutra Vulgaris.— Thyroid : superior and in ferior margins parallel and inclined upwards, superior terminating in a round apex, in ferior hollowed out in front b (fig. 901.), and protuberant ; Cricoid, (c) inferior margin, so widely separated in front, as only to be slightly united at the inferior margin of the thyroid.
Canis fanziliaris. Thyroid : margins inclined upwards ; wings unite at an obtuse angle. Cornua : superior furnished with a transverse ligament running to the thyroid as in the hyena. Cricoid : superior margin depressed in front. Arytenoids curved, and inclined from each other. Cart. Santorini and C. Cuneiform present. Ventricles deep. Epiglottis trian gular, having a vertical furrow at its base. L. (and consequently the pitch of the voice) varies in almost every species; modulation expressive of emotion.
Felis Leo.—Larynx : H. 3.14 in. Thyroid : margins parallel, and inclined forwards and upwards ; wings united at an obtuse angle ; notch large below the pompm. Cricoid el liptical, ridge of Galen prominent. Crico thyroid : space large, rhomboidal, traversed in front by muscular fibres. Arytenoids rhom boidal. Cart. Santorini absent. Vocal liga ments : superior prominent. Ventricles deep, forming a sac between the vocal ligaments. Epiglottis : apex obtuse. Trachea 50 rings.* Voice grave, very intense ; roar terrific.
F Tigris. — H. 1•8 in. L. 1 in. The superior ligament very prominent. In other respects the larynx resembles that of the lion. Voice more acute than the lion. Purrs like the cat, F. Leopardus and Catus. — Larynges differ only in magnitude. The whole of the Feline order are remarkable for the prominence of the superior ligaments, by which the purring is most probably produced. c (fig. 902.)t Voice a mewing, which is well known ; also a melancholy cry by night.
Phoca vilulina, or Common Sea/.—Larynx : II. 1.2 in. TI” roid : wings united by a small cartilaginous plate ; cornea parallel to axis of