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Humphrey Hody

oxford, history, hebrew and septuagint

HODY, HUMPHREY, D.D., an eminent Eng lish divine was born Jan. r, 1659, at Oldcombe, Somersetshire. Educated at Oxford University, he took his degree of M.A. there in 1682, and was elected fellow of Wadham College in 1684. He became greatly distinguished in the Nonjuring controversy, in which he published several works on the adverse side. For his services in this cause he was rewarded by being made domestic chaplain to Archbishop Tillotson, presented to a living in London, and appoirtted regins professor of Greek in the university of Oxford, 1698, and archdeacon of Oxford in 1704. He evinced his liberal and generous spirit by founding ten scholarships in Wadham College to promote the study of the Greek and Hebrew languages. He died Jan. 2o, 1706. His principal works are Disserlatio contra Historian: Aristea a'e 1XX. Interpretibus, 1684, designed to prove that Aristeas' history is a Jewish fable concocted to gain credit for the Sep tuagint. 2. De .b'ibliorum Textihus Orzginalibus, Versionibus Gy-erris, et Latina' Vulgata, Libri Qua tztor, Oxonii 1704. The former of these works, published when the author was only twenty-two years of age, was rudely assailed by Isaac Vossius. Hody, instead of replying to his antagonist, ap plied himself to his great work, De Textiblis, which occupied him nearly twenty years. It is

divided into four books. The first contains his dissertation against Aristeas, with improvements, strengthening his former positions. The second treats of the true authors of the Septuagint ver sion—of the time when, and the reasons why, it was undertaken, and of the manner in which it was performed. The third book contains a history of the original Hebrew text, of the Septuagint, and of the Vulgate Latin version, sliewing the authority of each in different ages, and that the Hebrew text has always been most esteemed and valued. The fourth book gives an account of the versions of Symmachus, Aquila, and Theodotion, and of Origin's Ilexapla and other ancient editions, with lists of the books of the Bible made at different times bearing on the history of the canon. It still maintains its high rank as the classical work on the Septuagint' (see Horne's Introd.ii., Bibliog. App., and Jebb's Account of the Life and Writings of Hody, prefixed to the author's posthumous work, De Grads Plustribus, etc.)—I. J.