"The form or shape of the pea necessarily in volves, as well, the form or shape of the pod. Two main forms appear to be assumed : (a) A rounded form so closely packed in the pod that the sides of the pea are flattened or indented, giving the pod a tightly stuffed, corrugated, plethoric appearance. This class of pea is known as crowder. (b) A flat tened form, kidney-shaped, and placed farther apart in the pod, which is smoother and leaner in appearance. The pods of crowders are generally stubby and short, those of the kidney type, long.
"Both of these types combine indiscriminately the other points of difference, being of diverse sizes and colors of pea and of either shade of pod, while their habit of growth is as likely to be trail ing as erect, and they are of all stages of maturity. Among the forty odd varieties tested this year at the station, the following are crowders—all the others kidneys : " Mush, Purple Hnll Crowder, Red Crowder, Small Lady, Smith No. 14, Speckled Crowder, Sugar Crowder, White Crowder, Williams Hybrid.
(2) Habit of growth.
"The following divisions obtain in regard to growth : (a) Trailing : Conch, Red Eye, Williams Hybrid.
(b) Recumbent : Calico, Congo, Large Lady, Li lac Red Pod, New Era, Pony, Red Crowder, Red Ripper, Saddleback, Small Lady, Smith No. 7, Smith No. 9, Smith No. 14, Speckled Crowder, Sugar Crowder, Vacuum, White, White Brown Hull, White Crowder, White Giant.
(c) Semi-recumbent : Black, Black Eye, Blue Hull, Chocolate, Constitution, Everlasting, Forage or Shinny, Granite, Gourd, Mathews, Mush, Purple Hull Crowder, Redding, Red Yellow Hull, Rice, Shrimp, Smith No. 15, Taylor Prolific.
(d) Erect : Clay, Coffee, Quadroon, Red, Unknown, Whippoorwill, Wonderful.
"While the four divisions enumerated—trailing, recumbent, semi-recumbent and erect are suffi ciently distinct to form separate classes, it must be noted that any variety, no matter how erect its general habit, will trail or run before the end of the season if planted very early and in rich ground. This characteristic has led to some confusion in the identification of varieties.
(3) Time of maturity.
"The divisions with regard to maturity are even more distinct than those characterizing growth ; they are as follows : (a) Very Early : Chocolate, Congo, New Era, Vacuum, White Giant.
(b) Early : Granite, Red Crowder, Red Eye, Red Yellow Hull, Saddleback, Smith No. 9, Whippoorwill.
(c) Medium : Coffee, Large Lady, Lilac Red Pod, Mush, Pony, Small Lady, Smith No. 7, Smith No. 15, White, White Brown Hull.
(d) Late . Black Eye, Everlasting, White Crow der, Williams Hybrid.
(e) Very Late : Black, Blue Hull, Calico, Clay, Conch, Forage or Shinny, Gourd, Mathews, Purple Hull Crowder, Quadroon, Red, Red ding, Red Ripper, Rice, Shrimp, Smith No. 14, Speckled Crowder, Sugar Crowder, Taylor Prolific, Unknown, Wonderful. "Of all varieties, Conch is the latest and the flattest grower, trailing close to the ground like a potato vine.
(4) Color of pods.
"Certain varieties possess pods of a dark color, some almost brown when ripe, others reddish brown and still others bluish black or purple. The color of the pod bears no relation whatever to the color of the enclosed pea, which ranges from pure white through different mottled shades to red.
"The following peas are dark hulled, all others are light or yellow hulled : White Brown Hull ; color of pod, dark brown. Blne Hull ; color of pod, blue-black.
Red Eye ; color of pod, blue-black.
Purple Hull Crowder ; color of pod, purplish black.
Lilac Red Pod ; color of pod, reddish purple. Saddleback ; color of pod, purplish black.
(5) Color of peas.
"Naturally, more diversity is apparent in this feature than in any other. The following list of peas tested the present season is grouped accord ing to color : White : Black Eye, Blue Hull, Conch, Large Lady, Mush, Pony, Red Eye, Rice, Small Lady, Smith No. 7, Smith No. 14, Smith No. 15, Sugar Crowder, Taylor Prolific, Vacuum, White, White Brown Hull, White Crowder, White Giant.
Lemon : Smith No. 9.
Pale Buff : Unknown, Wonderful, Quadroon. Pinkish Buff : Everlasting.
Cream : Clay.
Clear Pink : Shrimp.
Dull Red : Purple Hull Crowder, Red, Red Crow der, Redding, Red Ripper, Red Yellow Hull. Lilac Mottled : Lilac Red Pod.
Red Mottled : Calico, Saddleback.
Brown Mottled : Chocolate, Coffee, Williams Hybrid.
Brown Speckled (on gray ground): Granite, Speckled Crowder, Whippoorwill.
Brown Speckled (on blue ground): New Era. Black Mottled : Gourd, Mathews.